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2010-11 Australian Cyclone Season

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2010-11 Australian Cyclone Season
First storm formed November 29
Last storm dissipated March 27
Strongest storm Kate (155 mph (1-min), 904 hPa)
Total storms 8
Hurricanes {{{hurricanes}}}
Major hurricanes {{{major hurricanes}}}
Total damages $16.801
Total fatalities 16 (Kate)

Storms

Tropical Low One

Tropical low

 (BoM)

Monsoon Low 30 jan 2006 0445Z.jpg
Duration November 29 – November 30
Intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (10-min) 996 mbar (hPa; 29.41 inHg)

On November 29th, a tropical low developed just off the coast of Australia. It remained weak and never strengthened and made landfall the next morning. The low rapidly dissipated during that day. $2 million resulted from the flooding due to the low. The low hit areas that would be hit again by Cyclones Elaine and Fletcher within the next month.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Elaine

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Category 2 tropical cyclone

 (SSHS)

2007 TC Kara Terra MODIS.jpg
Duration November 30 – December 4
Intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min) 965 mbar (hPa; 28.5 inHg)

On November 30, a tropical low developed far from land. It slowly strengthened and was named Elaine. It strengthened rapidly after that and reached it's peak of 80 mph (10-min winds) or 100 mph (1-min winds) and a pressure of 965 mbar. It retained peak intensity as it moved eastward- an unusual occurrence for a cyclone. It made landfall on December 3 near where Tropical Low One hit a few days earlier and remained stationary there as it slowly weakened. It finally dissipated on December 4, two days after landfall. Elaine caused $1.6 billion in damages in the area it hit. The storm broke a 43 year old record for the most amount of rainfall in 1 day by 6 times. Due to the damage, the name Elaine will be retired and the replacement name was Edith.

Damage from Elaine
Beach front home damaged by hurricane dennis 2005

A home largely destroyed by Cyclone Elaine

Severe Tropical Cyclone Fletcher

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Category 4 tropical cyclone

 (SSHS)

Cyclone Ingrid 2005.jpg
Duration December 8 – December 14
Intensity 185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min) 925 mbar (hPa; 27.32 inHg)

On December 9, a tropical low, which was previously in the Gulf of Carpentaria, strengthened into Tropical Cyclone Fletcher. Fletcher quicly strengthened rapidly as it remained stationary over the warm waters of the gulf. Three days later, on December 12, Fletcher reached it's peak with winds of 115 mph (10-min) or 145 mph (1-min) . It made landfall later that day at peak intensity causing heavy rains. Fletcher slowly crossed the peninsula as it dissipated. The tropical low degenerated into an area of remnant low pressure on the 14th which dissipated the next morning. Fletcher's damage was greater that Tropical Cyclone Elaine or Tropical Low One from earlier in the season with $5.6 billion in damages. However, there were no deaths as there was a good evacuation plan and warnings were issued. The name Fletcher was retired after this storm and will never be used ever again. The replacement name was Fredrik.

Tropical Cyclone Gabrielle

Category 2 tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Category 1 tropical cyclone

 (SSHS)

Clare January 2006.jpg
Duration December 23 – December 29
Intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min) 973 mbar (hPa; 28.73 inHg)

On December 23. another tropical low formed off Western Australia. It slowly strengthened and was named Gabrielle the next morning. After this, the strengthening rate increased and the storm reached it's peak intensity of 70 mph (10-min) or 80 mph (1-min) while quickly moving away from land. Gabrielle weakened into a tropical low on December 27 and became extratropical on December 29. The extratropical cyclone continued to move away from land and was absorbed by a large extratropical cyclone of December 31. Gabrielle caused no deaths and did only $13 million in damage ("only" is used because the previous storms were damaging).

Tropical Cyclone Hanina

Category 1 tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Tropical storm

 (SSHS)

17S 07 feb 2008 0330Z.jpg
Duration January 3 – January 5
Intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 990 mbar (hPa; 29.23 inHg)

On January 3, a tropical low formed deep in the central Indian Ocean. It slowly organized and became Tropical Cyclone Hanina the next day. Hanina weakened soon after into a tropical low and dissipated on December 5. Due to the fact that Hanina never effected land, Hanina caused no reports damage or deaths anywhere in it's short life.

Tropical Cyclone Ilsa

Category 1 tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Tropical storm

 (SSHS)

TC Tim 2005.jpg
Duration January 29 – February 4
Intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (10-min) 979 mbar (hPa; 28.91 inHg)

On January 29, a tropical low formed almost due west of Perth. It quickly strengthened and was named Ilsa on February 1. Ilsa slowly strengthened over the next two days as it reached it's peak strength of 50 mph (10-min) or 65 mph (1-min). As it moved over colder waters, it quickly weakened until later February 4 when it was absorbed by a large extratropical low. As Ilsa never effected land, it caused no reports of damage or deaths.

Tropical Cyclone Jasper

Category 1 tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Tropical storm

 (SSHS)

TC Vivienne 08 feb 2005 0230Z.jpg
Duration March 1 – March 3
Intensity 65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min) 992 mbar (hPa; 29.29 inHg)

On March 1, after a long period of lull, a tropical low finally formed. It quickly strengthened as it moved away from land and was named Jasper. Jasper stopped strengthening after that due to a slight increase of wind shear. This wind shear proved to be the death of Jasper as it dissipated the next morning as the wind shear pushed the convection 300 miles away from the center of circulation. This swirl of low-level clouds dissipated the next morning. As Jasper never effected land, it caused no reports of damage or deaths.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Kate

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone

 (BoM)

Category 4 tropical cyclone

 (SSHS)

STC Glenda 28 mar 2006 0200Z.jpg
Duration March 16 – March 27
Intensity 195 km/h (120 mph) (10-min) 904 mbar (hPa; 26.7 inHg)

On March 16, a tropical low formed just of the Australian coast. It slowly strengthened into Tropical Cyclone Kate three days later. After this, Kate moved into an area of low wind shear and high ocean temperatures and exploded. The next morning, on March 20, Kate reached severe tropical cyclone status. The next evening, Kate reached it's peak intensity of 120 mph (10-min) or 155 mph (1-min). Kate made landfall at this strength on the Cape York Peninsula on March 26. Kate rapidly dissipated over land as most cyclones do. Kate caused $9.6 billion in damages and caused 16 deaths through out Cape York. The name Kate was eventually retired and the replacement name was Kalena.

Storm Names

Names in bold have been used to name cyclones this season. Names in red have been retired from being use ever again. The replacements are Edith, Fredrik, and Kalena.

Tropical Cyclone Naming List
Anika Anthony Allison Alfred Ann
Billy Bianca Bruce Blanche Blake
Cathy Carlos Charlotte Caleb Claudia
Dean Dianne Dylan Debbie Damien
Elaine Errol Ellie Ernie Esther
Fletcher Fina Freddy Frances Ferdinand
Gabrielle Grant Gillian Greg Gretel
Hanina Heidi Hadi Hilda Harold
Ilsa Iggy Ita Ira Irmela
Jasper Jasmine Jack Joyce Joshua
Kate Koji Kirrily Kelvin Kimi
Laurence Lua Lam Linda Lucas
Mara Mitchell Marcia Marcus Marian
Neville Narelle Nathan Nora Noah
Olga Oswald Olwyn Owen Odette
Paul Peta Quang Penny Paddy
Rebecca Roy Robyn Riley Ruby
Sean Sandra Stan Savannah Seth
Tara Tim Tammy Trevor Tiffany
Vince Victoria Uriah Veronica Verdun
Zelia Zane Yvette Wallace --------

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