|First storm formed||May 11 - One|
|Last storm dissipated||Season Ongoing|
|Strongest storm||Alex - 974 mbar; 110 mph|
|Total damages||$0 (2022 USD)|
The 2022 Atlantic hurricane season was slightly above average due to a weak La Niña.
Subtropical Depression One
|Subtropical depression (SSHWS)|
|Duration||May 11 – May 13|
|Peak Intensity||30 mph (50 km/h) (1-min), 1009 mbar (hPa)|
An extratropical cyclone moved off the coast of Florida on May 9. This extratropical low would gradually separate from its frontal boundaries while over the Bahamas and gain modest amounts of convection near and around the center of the separated low over sea surface temperatures of about 77°F. The National Hurricane Center began to issue advisories on a newly formed Subtropical Depression One on May 11. One began to head to the northeast into increasing wind shear and cooling sea surface temperatures and thus it failed to intensify beyond 30 mph and 1009 mbar. The subtropical depression then gradually degenerated into a remnant low by May 13.
|Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)|
|Duration||June 10 – June 17|
|Peak Intensity||110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min), 974 mbar (hPa)|
After a brief period of inactivity in the Atlantic basin, a newly formed tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on June 7th and headed westwards, driven by a high pressure ridge to the north. Upon moving over relatively warm waters and encountering low wind shear, the system quickly developed into a tropical low by June 10th. Convection was seen developing within the fledgling system later in the day by a reconnaissance flight, and by late afternoon, a well-defined center of circulation had formed, along with the disorganized mass of thunderstorms organizing into rainbands, signaling the tropical low had transitioned into a tropical storm. The NHC started to give its first advisory that day to Tropical Storm Alex. Alex then slowly strengthened, becoming a category one hurricane about a day later while midway to the Leeward Islands. It held this initial peak of 80 mph for about 18 hours before weakening back to a tropical storm as wind shear started weakening it. It re-attained hurricane status near the Leeward Islands and started to turn northwest and then northeast as it began to re-curve. It strengthened to a category two hurricane several hundred miles south of Bermuda. peaked at just below major hurricane intensity near the latitude of Bermuda. Alex quickly deteriorated near 38.5°N on June 15th, weakening to a category one as it started to quickly lose its tropical characteristics, becoming extratropical still at hurricane strength twelve hours later. The extratropical remnants accelerated to the northeast, gradually weakening until it dissipated completely several hundred miles to the east of Newfoundland.
|Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 7 – July 30 (exited basin on July 24)|
|Peak Intensity||120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min), 962 mbar (hPa)|
Following another session of inactivity lasting for about three weeks, the second named storm of the exceptionally quiet season developed over the Cape Verde Islands on July 7th and started to head west towards the Caribbean at 10 mph. It weakened to a tropical depression along the way due to increasing wind shear and the Saharan Air Layer afflicting weakening on the system. Bonnie then took a very unusual southwest turn while halfway to the Lesser Antilles. A few days later Tropical Depression Bonnie regained tropical storm status while nearing the Lesser Antilles. It became a hurricane shortly after crossing into the Caribbean Sea. Bonnie slowly strengthened into a category two hurricane before making landfall in the northern part of South America and weakening back to a category one hurricane. Meanwhile when it was nearing Honduras/Costa Rica, it began re-strengthening, eventually becoming the first major hurricane of the season and striking Honduras at peak strength. Bonnie crossed into the East Pacific the next day still as a strong 65 mph tropical storm, becoming the first Atlantic tropical cyclone to survive the crossover to the East Pacific since Otto in 2016.
Tropical Storm Colin
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 30 – August 3|
|Peak Intensity||50 mph (80 km/h) (1-min), 997 mbar (hPa)|
What would become Colin emerged off the west coast of Africa as a tropical wave in mid July. By July 30 while northwest of the Lesser Antilles the tropical wave developed well enough to be considered Tropical Storm Colin with winds of 40 mph, skipping tropical depression status. Colin slowly moved to the northeast and eventually became extratropical south of Nova Scotia on August 3.