Back to Term Page: APFM:2007_Year_3_Term_3
Just a typical lecture.
Code's and standards
OBC OFC OHSA WHMIS Local by laws LEED MNECB ASHRAE 90.1 Insurance - If you don't pay attention to this it will bite you in the ass
We need to know how each one of these codes and standards apply to the topic of utilities management
OBC - Ontario Building Code
is applicable to: New Buildings or Existing buildings that are extended or have material alterations Repair Means: Any action the Chief Building inspector considers necessary for the protection of the public
OBC for energy efficiency
184.108.40.206: Designed to good engineering practice such as described in - ASHRAE 90.1 (1989) - MNECB
Such: can mean for example; of a similar kind.
220.127.116.11: HRV: to the standards for appliances and 55% sensible heat recovery
2.5: Climate data: temperatures, degree days, rain, etc
Part 6: HVAC: good practice
18.104.22.168: Access for maintenance
22.214.171.124: Water efficiency: maximum
126.96.36.199: Lighting in public areas
188.8.131.52: Extension, material alteration, repair: proposed construction applies not existing.
Not much in the OBC to apply to utilities management
OFC - Ontario Fire Code
About safety and protection of the occupant.
Egress and maintenance of the building's fire safety and fire safety systems NOT about energy efficiency
184.108.40.206: HVAC equipment... ...maintained so as not to create a hazardous condition.
220.127.116.11: Fuel fired equipment to be installed to a standard - CAN/CSA for installation and certification
6.3.2: Check, inspect and test: fire alarm systems and suppression systems and fire ratings
Need to protect your ass with a lot of paperwork. Forms filled out: checked, initialled, and verified.
OHSA - Ontario Health and Safety Act
Duties of employer
Take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of the worker
Written instructions, Verbal is not good enough.
Electrical equipment certified and suitable for its use
Lighting: inadequate natural lighting to ensure safety add artificial lightning and reduce shadows and glare.
WHMIS - Workplace Hazardous Materials Indication System
Keep control of and knowledge of hazardous materials (chemical, flammables, combustibles)
Local Municipal By-Laws
Watering, noise (air-conditioners) lightning weeds Lawn care chemicals and so on
ASHRAE 90.1 (1989)
Sets minimum standards for energy efficiency without constraining design concepts
Provides criteria for energy efficiency and methods of determining compliance
Section 13: Building energy cost budget method
Provides a method to evauate and take credit for innovative energy design
Note: This procedure is intended only for the purpose of demonstrating design compliance and is not intended to be used to either predict, document, or verify annual energy consumption or annual energy budget.
13.4.1 Prototype building procedure: has various model for generic building types
Appendix A: Principles of effictive energy conserving building design.
Building operating documentation
Requires the owner operator to be provided with: As-built drawings and specs Operating manuals with schematics and sequence of operations For complex systems balancing and testing reports Maintenance manuals with complete information on components
LEED - Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
We know this
MNECB - Model National Energy Code for Buildings
Copies are available in the library
LUC Saint-Martin, Feb 1998
Code designed to require only proven cost effective measures
Features the same alternative route to compliance as ASHRAE 90.1
In fall of 2000 - 5000 copies of the code had been purchased for the NRC
Ontario designers have the option to use MNECB in lieu of ASHRAE 90.1
CBIP: Commercial Building Incentive Program Designs must be 25% more then code requirements.
Prescriptive method: follow the code
Trade-off compliance: reduce compliance in one area and make it up in another
Performance compliance: Computer modelling to verify compliance
Mandatory Requirements Checklist: Building Envelope HVAC Service Water Heating Systems Lightning Electrical