Recommendations for Mathematics Library. We want to create a list of main books in Mathematics. The list will contain approximately 3000-4000 titles arranged in several sections. Books to be selected according to several different objectives described in the following.

Books by subject

To see and edit the book list, click on the following links. For more details on the subjects descriptions see this page.

Logic and foundations, History of Mathematics, Mathematics education and popularization of mathematics

Elementary Mathematics, General Mathematical texts,

Algebra, Number theory, Algebraic and complex geometry

Geometry, Topology, Lie theory and generalizations

Analysis, Functional analysis and applications

Dynamical systems, Ordinary differential equations, Partial differential equations

Probability, Statistics

Combinatorics, Mathematical aspects of computer science

Numerical analysis and scientific computing, Control theory and optimization

Mathematical physics, Mathematics in science and technology


  • To ensure that college libraries have important reference works and classic sources in the mathematical sciences;
  • To provide students with introductory material in various fields of the mathematical sciences that might not be part of their curriculum;
  • To provide reading material that is collateral to regular courses;
  • To provide faculty with reference material that is relevant to their teaching and that will help broaden their mathematical expertise;
  • To provide resources for independent study and experiences in research;
  • To provide students in disciplines that use the mathematical sciences with appropriate references.
  • To provide general readers with clear and lively exposition about the mathematical sciences and their applications;

To help libraries on limited budgets, books will be marked to indicate priority:

  • Essential (approximately 400 titles)
  • Recommended (approximately 400-600 titles)
  • Listed (approximately 2000-3000 titles)

Subject Classification

  1. Logic and foundations
     Model theory. Set theory. Recursion theory. Proof theory. Applications.
     Connections with sections 2, 3, 14, 15.
  2. Algebra
     Groups and their representations (except as specified in 5 and 7). 
     Rings, algebras and modules (except as specified in 7). Algebraic K-theory. Category theory. 
     Computational algebra and applications.
     Connections with sections 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 15.
  3. Number theory
     Analytic and algebraic number theory. Local and global fields and their Galois groups.
     Zeta and L-functions. Diophantine equations. Arithmetic on algebraic varieties.
     Diophantine approximation, transcendental number theory and geometry of numbers.
     Modular and automorphic forms, modular curves and Shimura varieties. Langlands program.
     p-adic analysis. Number theory and physics. Computational number theory and applications, e.g. to cryptography.
     Connections with sections 1, 2, 4, 7, 12, 14, 15.
  4. Algebraic and complex geometry 
     Algebraic varieties, their cycles, cohomologies and motives (including positive characteristics). Schemes.
     Commutative algebra. Low dimensional varieties. Singularities and classification. Birational geometry.
     Moduli spaces. Abelian varieties and p-divisible groups. Derived categories.
     Transcendental methods, topology of algebraic varieties. Complex differential geometry,
     Kahler manifolds and Hodge theory. Relations with mathematical physics and representation theory.
     Real algebraic and analytic sets. Rigid and p-adic analytic spaces. Tropical geometry.
     Connections with sections   2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 15.
  5. Geometry
     Local and global differential geometry. Geometric PDE and geometric flows. Geometric structures on manifolds.
     Riemannian and metric geometry. Geometric aspects of group heory. Convex geometry. Discrete geometry.
     Geometric rigidity. 
     Connections with sections  2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12.
  6. Topology
     Algebraic, differential and geometric topology. Floer and gauge theories. Low-dimensional including
     knot theory and connections with Kleinian groups and Teichmüller theory. Symplectic and contact manifolds.
     Topological quantum field theories. 
     Connections with sections 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12.
  7. Lie theory and generalizations
     Algebraic and arithmetic groups. Structure, geometry and representations of Lie groups and Lie algebras.
     Related geometric and algebraic objects, e.g. symmetric spaces, buildings, vertex operator algebras,
     quantum groups. Non-commutative harmonic analysis. Geometric methods in representation theory.
     Discrete subgroups of Lie groups. Lie groups and dynamics, including applications to number theory.
     Connections with sections 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14.
  8. Analysis
     Classical analysis. Special functions. Harmonic analysis. Complex analysis in one and several variables,
     potential theory, geometric function theory (including quasi-conformal mappings),
     geometric measure theory. Applications. 
     Connections with sections 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16.
  9. Functional analysis and applications 
     Operator algebras. Non-commutative geometry, spectra of random matrices. K-theory of C*-algebras,
     structure of factors and their automorphism groups, operator-algebraic aspects of quantum field theory,
     linear and non-linear functional analysis, geometry of Banach spaces, Asymptotic geometric analysis.
     Connections to ergodic theory. 
     Connections with sections 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13.
 10. Dynamical systems and ordinary differential equations 
     Topological and symbolic dynamics. Geometric and qualitative theory of ODE and smooth dynamical systems,
     bifurcations and singularities. Hamiltonian systems and dynamical systems of geometric origin.
     One-dimensional and holomorphic dynamics. Multidimensional actions and rigidity in dynamics.
     Ergodic theory including applications to combinatorics and combinatorial number theory.
     Connections with sections  5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17.
 11. Partial differential equations
     Solvability, regularity, stability and other qualitative properties of linear and non-linear equations
     and systems. Asymptotics. Spectral theory, scattering, inverse problems. Variational methods and
     calculus of variations. Optimal transportation. Homogenization and multiscale problems.
     Relations to continuous media and control. Modeling through PDEs.
     Connections with sections 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 16, 17, 18.
 12. Mathematical physics
     Quantum mechanics. Quantum field theory. General relativity. Statistical mechanics and random media.
     Integrable systems. Electromagnetism, String theory, condensed matter, fluid dynamics,
     multifield physics (e.g. fluid/waves, fluid/solids, etc.).  
     Connections with sections  4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13.
 13. Probability and Statistics
     Classical probability theory, limit theorems and large deviations. Combinatorial probability. Random walks.
     Interacting particle systems. Stochastic networks. Stochastic geometry. Stochastic analysis. Random fields.
     Random matrices and free probability. Statistical inference. High-dimensional data analysis. Sequential methods. 
     Spatial statistics. Applications.
     Connections with sections 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18.
 14. Combinatorics
     Combinatorial structures. Enumeration: exact and asymptotic. Graph theory. Probabilistic and 
     extremal combinatorics. Designs and finite geometries. Relations with linear algebra, representation theory and 
     commutative algebra. Topological and analytical techniques in combinatorics. Combinatorial geometry. 
     Combinatorial number theory. Polyhedral combinatorics and combinatorial optimization. 
     Connections with sections  1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 10, 13, 15.
 15. Mathematical aspects of computer science
     Complexity theory and design and analysis of algorithms. Formal languages. Computational learning. 
     Algorithmic game theory. Cryptography. Coding theory. Semantics and verification of programs. 
     Symbolic computation. Quantum computing. Computational geometry, computer vision.
     Connections with sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 13, 14, 16.
 16. Numerical analysis and scientific computing
     Design of numerical algorithms and analysis of their accuracy, stability and complexity. Approximation theory. 
     Applied and computational aspects of harmonic analysis. Numerical solution of algebraic, functional, 
     differential, and integral equations. Grid generation and adaptivity.
     Connections with sections 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 18.
 17. Control theory and optimization
     Minimization problems. Controllability, observability, stability. Robotics. Stochastic systems and control. 
     Optimal control. Optimal design, shape design. Linear, non-linear, integer, and 
     stochastic programming. Applications. 
     Connections with sections 10, 11, 13, 16, 18.
 18. Mathematics in science and technology 
     Mathematics applied to the physical sciences, engineering sciences, life sciences, social and 
     economic sciences, and technology. Bioinformatics. Mathematics in interdisciplinary research. 
     The interplay of mathematical modeling, mathematical analysis and scientific computation, 
     and its impact on the understanding of scientific phenomena and on the solution of real life problems.
     Connections with sections 11, 13, 16, 17.
 19. Mathematics education and popularization of mathematics
     All aspects of mathematics education, from elementary school to higher education. Mathematical literacy and 
     popularization of mathematics. Ethnomathematics.
 20. History of Mathematics 
     Historical studies of all of the mathematical sciences in all periods and cultural settings.

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