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Character Encoding Recommendation for Languages

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IANA encoding Java Canonical Name Language Comment
UTF-8UTF88bit Universal character set
UTF-16UTF-1616bit Universal character set
US-ASCIIASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange
windows-1250Cp1250Eastern European (Albanian, Croatian, Czech, English, German, Hungarian, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian)Windows encoding
windows-1251Cp1251Eastern European (Cyrillic-based: Bulgarian, Byelorussian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, UkrainianWindows encoding
windows-1252Cp1252Western European (Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Greenlandic, Icelandic, Irish Gaelic, Italian, Latin, Luxemburgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish)Windows encoding
windows-1253Cp1253GreekWindows encoding
windows-1254Cp1254TurkishWindows encoding
windows-1255Cp1255HebrewWindows encoding
windows-1256Cp1256ArabicWindows encoding
windows-1257Cp1257BalticWindows encoding
windows-1258Cp1258VietnameseWindows encoding
ISO-8859-1ISO8859_1Western European (Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Greenlandic, Icelandic, Irish Gaelic, Italian, Latin, Luxemburgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish)Euro Symbol is not supported
ISO-8859-2ISO8859_2Eastern European (Albanian, Croatian, Czech, English, German, Hungarian, Latin, Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Serbian)Euro Symbol is not supported
ISO-8859-3ISO8859_3Southeastern European (Afrikaans, Catalan, Dutch, English, Esperanto, German, Italian, Maltese, Spanish, Turkish)
ISO-8859-4ISO8859_4Northern European (Danish, English, Estonian, Finnish, German, Greenlandic, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Sテ。mi, Slovenian, Swedish)
ISO-8859-5ISO8859_5Eastern European (Cyrillic-based: Bulgarian, Byelorussian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian)
ISO-8859-6ISO8859_6Arabic
ISO-8859-7ISO8859_7Greek
ISO-8859-8ISO8859_8Hebrew
ISO-8859-9ISO8859_9Western European (Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Cornish, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Frisian, Galician, German, Greenlandic, Irish Gaelic, Italian, Latin, Luxemburgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish)
ISO-8859-13ISO8859_13Baltic Rim (English, Estonian, Finnish, Latin, Latvian, Norwegian)
ISO-8859-15ISO8859_15Western European (Albanian, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Danish, Dutch, English, Faeroese, Finnish, French, German, Greenlandic, Icelandic, Irish Gaelic, Italian, Latin, Luxemburgish, Norwegian, Portuguese, Rhaeto-Romanic, Scottish Gaelic, Spanish, Swedish)ISO-8859-1 with Euro symbol support
windows-31jMS932JapaneseWindows encoding
EUC-JPEUC_JPJapaneseEUC encoding used on Unix platform
Shift_JISSJISJapaneseShift JIS, does not support MS external characters
ISO-2022-JPISO2022JPJapaneseJIS X 0201, 0208, in ISO 2022 form, this is used for e-mail
x-mswin-936MS936Simplified ChineseWindows encoding, This is not registered in IANA.
GB18030GB18030Simplified ChinesePRC standard
x-EUC-CNEUC_CNSimplified ChineseGB2312, EUC encoding
GBKGBKSimplified Chinese
x-windows-949MS949KoreanWindows encoding, this is not registered in IANA.
EUC-KREUC_KRKoreanKS C 5601, EUC encoding
x-windows-950MS950Traditional ChineseWindows encoding, this is not registered in IANA
x-MS950-HKSCSMS950_HKSCSTraditional Chinese with Hong Kong extensionsWindows encoding, this is not registered in IANA
x-EUC-TWEUC_TWTraditional ChineseCNS11643 (Plane 1-3), EUC encoding, this is not registered in IANA
Big5Big5Traditional Chinese
Big5-HKSCSBig5_HKSCSTraditional ChineseBig5 with Hong Kong extensions
TIS-620TIS620Thai

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