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C2C Logo - Glossary

Special thanks to Wikipedia, About.com and other internet sources for information used in this publication.



ABOMINABLE SNOWMAN -


AETHER - In the late 19th century luminiferous aether ("light-bearing aether") was the term used to describe a medium for the propagation of light. Later theories including special relativity were formulated without the aether concept, and today the aether is considered to be an obsolete scientific theory.

The word "aether" stems via Latin from the Greek αἰθήρ, from a root meaning "to kindle/burn/shine", which signified the substance thought in ancient times to fill the upper regions of space, beyond the clouds.


ALCHEMY - The Science of turning the baser metals into gold or silver by chemical means. The byproduct, "Quicksilver," was thought to have magical powers. This was a very perfected science in Egyptian times and lasted all the way up into the 14th-16th Century A.D. when some of the alchemy methods were lost due to wars and fires that were amid in those times.


ALEX JONES - Alexander Emerick Jones (born February 11, 1974) is an American radio host, political conspiracy theorist, and filmmaker. He is best known for questioning the standard accounts of the September 11th terrorist attacks, his unauthorised filming of the opening ceremony of an annual gathering at the Bohemian Grove, and his regular bulletins on the "New World Order". Jones claims to spend at least 4 to 5 hours a day contemplating how to defeat the "One World Order".


ANOMALY - An irregular or unusual event which does not fit a standard rule or law. An anomaly is something which cannot be explained by currently accepted scientific theories. Anything weird, abnormal, strange, odd, or difficult to classify is considered an anomaly.


AIR FORCE FLIGHT TEST CENTER - See Area 51.


ALIEN AUTOPSY - The term alien autopsy is used within the UFOlogical community to refer to the supposed examination of an extraterrestrial cadaver by government authorities.

Belief in alien autopsies is a common element of UFO conspiracy theory. Film footage, purporting to show an alien autopsy, was promoted during the 1990s by Ray Santilli, a London-based video entrepreneur. This footage has since been announced as a hoax (see RAY SANTILLI).


ALEISTER CROWLEY - Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley, (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947; the surname is pronounced /'krəʊ.li/ i.e. with the first syllable sounding like the bird) was an English occultist, prolific writer, mystic, hedonist, aficionado of chess and mountain climbing, and sexual revolutionary.

Crowley himself claimed to be a Freemason, but the legitimacy of his claims have been disputed.

Other interests and accomplishments were wide-ranging—he was a chess master, mountain climber, poet, painter, astrologer, drug experimenter, and social critic. He is perhaps best known today for his occult writings, especially The Book of the Law, the central sacred text of Thelema. Crowley was also an influential member in several occult organizations, including the Golden Dawn, the A∴A∴, and Ordo Templi Orientis.

Crowley gained much notoriety during his lifetime, and was famously dubbed "The Wickedest Man In the World."


AREA 51 - Currently known as Air Force Flight Test Center, Detachment 3 and also known as Dreamland, Watertown Strip, Paradise Ranch, The Box, Groom Lake) is a remote tract of land in southern Nevada, owned by the United States Air Force, containing an airfield whose primary purpose is the secret development and testing of new military aircraft. It is famed as the subject of many UFO conspiracy theories.


ART BELL III - Arthur "Art" W. Bell, III (b. June 17, 1945) is an American broadcaster and author, known primarily as the founder and a longtime host of the paranormal-themed radio program Coast to Coast AM. He also created and at one time hosted its companion show, Dreamland.

Semi-retired from Coast to Coast AM, he returned from his hiatus from hosting the weekend broadcasts but then took another leave while technical problems are worked out. Bell also owns oldies station: KNYE 95.1 FM ("The Kingdom of Nye ... Things That Go Pahrump In The Night") in Pahrump, Nevada.

As of October 2006, Bell is the regular weekend host on Coast to Coast AM, broadcasting from Metro Manila in the Philippines.


ASTRAL PROJECTION (see Out-of-Body Experience)


AUTOMATIC WRITING or AUTOMATIC ART - To freely channel your higher self or another soul's words, music, or art without the interruptive interference of the mind.


BARBARA SIMPSON - Barbara Simpson is an American radio talk show host. She is most notable as the host of Coast-to-Coast AM on Saturday nights from about 2000 until about 2003, alternating with George Noory, but has also been a long-time host of her own show on KSFO (AM). She occasionally hosted the show on other nights as well, but has not hosted since 2004 or early 2005. As a substitute for the show's founder and current weekend host, Art Bell. Simpson was known for her conservative political views. As of 2006, she also writes a commentary column entitled "The Babe In The Bunker" for the conservative online news site WorldNetDaily. Currently, Barbara, "The Babe in the Bunker," is on KSFO Saturdays and Sundays with frequent weekday fill-in appearances. She also hosts the Saturday night/Sunday morning Coast to Coast AM -- The Art Bell Program.

As a television newsperson, Ms. Simpson anchored The 10 O'clock News on KTVU-Channel 2/Oakland for nine years, winning two Emmys in the process. For two years she anchored the original 2 at Noon show on KTVU and moderated a town hall program for KQED TV/Public Television in San Francisco. As anchor, she helped launch the evening news at KOFY-TV 20/San Francisco.

In Los Angeles, Barbara Simpson anchored the 10PM News and did investigative reporting for KTTV-Channel 11. She then moved to KNXT (now KCBS-TV), where she was a field reporter and specialist covering the school busing trial as well as a program host and news anchor. She also guest hosted on GOOD MORNING L.A. for KABC-TV.

Her work in LA included radio as well, as a talk show host and specialty reporter for KABC and KFI. Barbara Simpson wrote, produced and hosted daily environmental reports for CBS Network Radio.

Her columns on political/social issues have been appeared in the San Francisco Chronicle, San Francisco Examiner, Contra Costa Times, Los Angeles Daily News, San Diego Union Tribune, Arizona Republic and The Indianapolis News. Barbara Simpson also writes a weekly column for World Net Daily.Com which runs every Monday. All of her columns are available in the World Net Daily.Com archive.

Among her many professional honors, she won the "Golden Medallion" from the California State Bar for her TV work. She was named "Woman of the Year" in TV by the Northern California Chapter of the American Women in Radio and Television, as well as a Kudo Award for her KSFO talk radio program. She has also been honored by the National Commission on Working Women, the Peninsula Press Club, Oakland Business and Professional Women and the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith.

Barbara Simpson works to make a difference in a variety of arenas. As Public Relations Director for The Cousteau Society, she helped design and coordinate a worldwide petition campaign. In California she handled media for the successful No on 8, No on 224 and No on 185 Initiative Campaigns, was News Bureau Director for the award-winning "Californians Against Utility Company Abuse" campaign and was Media Director for "Californians Against Hidden Taxes."

Her company, Blue Shadow Productions, does media consulting for politics, business and the environment.

The scope of her experience well equips her for the microphone. From gun control (she is an excellent markswoman) to education (she has taught at Michigan State University), her firm positions are borne of experience and first-hand knowledge.


Beast, The - The Number of the Beast is a concept from the Book of Revelation of the Christian New Testament. The Number is 666 in modern texts, although 616 and 665 appear instead in at least one ancient source.[1] The meaning of the most common variant 666 is still debated today. Some scholars contend that the number is a code for the Roman Emperor Nero, a view that is supported by some Roman Catholic theologians.


B.E.A.S.T. - See Beast.


BERMUDA TRIANGLE - The Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil's Triangle, is a geographical area in the Atlantic Ocean approximately triangular in shape and is famous for its supposed paranormal activities. The Bermuda Triangle's three corners are roughly defined by Bermuda, Puerto Rico, and Fort Lauderdale, Florida, giving it an area of nearly half a million square miles (1.2 million km²).

Paranormal claims include significant numbers of ships and aircraft that have disappeared under highly unusual circumstances and activity where the known laws of physics are violated. It has been suggested that extraterrestrial beings are responsible for some of the disappearances.


BETTY AND BARNEY HILL -


BIG BANG -


BIG BLACK DELTAS - (BBDs) - See Black Triangle.


BIGFOOT - Bigfoot, also known as Sasquatch, is believed by some to be an ape-like cryptid and by others to be the product of imagination.

Bigfoot is sometimes described as a large, bipedal hairy hominoid creature living in remote forested wilderness areas of the United States and of Canada, specifically those in south western Canada, the Great Lakes, the Pacific Northwest, the Rocky Mountains, the forests of the U.S. Northeast, and the U.S. Southern states. Some think that a Bigfoot, or its close relatives, may be found around the world under different regional names, such as the Yeti. Sightings of similar creatures have allegedly occurred in Malaysia, the People's Republic of China, Russia, Australia, South America.

The majority of scientists reject the likelihood of such a creature's existence, and consider the stories of Bigfoot to be a combination of unsubstantiated folklore and hoax.


BLACK TRIANGLE - A kind of Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) that have been reportedly observed in the skies since the 1940s (and possibly earlier), to the present day. They have appeared more commonly over cities of the United States, and England, but have been spotted world wide including a mass sighting over St. Petersburg, Russia on February 19, 1997.

Since then, hundreds of observers have reported enormous, totally silent, black triangular craft hovering or slowly cruising at low altitudes over cities and highways, usually at night and making no attempt to evade detection. The craft are even described by many observers as having some sort of "running lights", either bright white lights or flashing colored lights. These lights usually appear at each corner point of the triangle. Sometimes a red pulsating light can be seen at the center.

These objects are also sometimes known by the names "Big Black Deltas" (BBDs) or "Flying Triangles."


BOB LAZAR - Robert Scott Lazar (born 26 January 1959) is a central (and highly controversial) figure in discussions about UFOs. Lazar claims to have worked at area S-4 of the Nevada Test Site (near Area 51) at the special request of Edward Teller. He further claims to have performed reverse engineering on crashed extraterrestrial spacecraft there. The publicity surrounding his revelations is one of the major factors in putting the previously obscure military facility in public awareness.

In November 1989 Lazar made a special interview appearance with investigative reporter George Knapp on Las Vegas TV station KLAS to talk about his reported work. He suggested this was in part to share the information in scientific interest, and partly to insure himself against any mysterious sudden demise for exposing what Lazar described as classified information.

Opinions are divided as to the reliability of Lazar's claims. Critics argue that he has made unsupported statements, and that Lazar has a weak grasp of the scientific principles he espouses, and that the entire affair is a hoax. Supporters argue that Lazar is the victim of a cover up, and that his claims are accurate and reliable.

Lazar has also operated a variety of companies, including scientific supply company United Nuclear and a related venture developing hydrogen powered vehicles.


BOHEMIAN GROVE - Bohemian Grove is a 11 km2(2700-acre) campground located at 20601 Bohemian Ave, Monte Rio, California 95462 belonging to a private San Francisco-based men's fine arts club known as the Bohemian Club. Every year (since 1899) Bohemian Grove is the location of a two-week (covering three weekends) encampment, beginning in the middle of July, of some of the most powerful men in the world.

On July 15, 2000, Austin, Texas-based journalist and filmmaker Alex Jones and his cameraman, Mike Hanson, became the first people to successfully infiltrate the Grove and make it out with documented evidence. With hidden cameras, Jones and Hanson were able to film the Cremation of Care ritual. The footage was the centerpiece of Jones' documentary, Dark Secrets: Inside Bohemian Grove. Jones states that a large number of men were in attendance during an "ancient Canaanite, Luciferian, Babylon mystery religion ceremony" involving a 45-foot statue of an owl which he named Moloch.


BOX, THE - See Area 51.


BUMPER MUSIC - Bumper music is a term used in the radio broadcasting industry. It refers to the short clips of music used to buffer transitions between programming elements, such as when a syndicated program takes a break for local station identification or "goes to commercial." Bumper music was first used heavily by Rush Limbaugh, who pioneered conservative AM talk radio in the United States. Extended news programs aired on non-commercial radio networks such as NPR also use short clips of music between stories and features, but these are known as buttons.


CHUPACABRA - The chupacabra is a mythical cryptid said to inhabit parts of the Latin America. It is associated particularly with Puerto Rico (where it was first reported), Mexico, Chile, Brazil and the United States, especially in the latter's Latin American communities and Maine. The name translates literally from the Portuguese and Spanish as "goat-sucker". It comes from the creature's reported habit of attacking and drinking the blood of livestock. Physical descriptions of the creature vary. Sightings began in Puerto Rico in the early 1990s, and have since been reported as far north as Maine, and as far south as Chile. Though some argue that the chupacabras may be real creatures, mainstream scientists and experts generally contend that the chupacabra is a legendary creature, or a type of urban legend.


CLAIRAUDIENCE - Hearing voices, astral music or discarnate beings.


CLAIROLEOFACTOR - To have an extraordinary sense of smell, as if you could smell flowers before they bloom or smell trouble before it occurs or death before it happens.


CLAIRSENTIENCE - The ability to clearly feel yours and/or another's emotions and sensations.


CLAIRVOYANCE - To have lucid mental perceptions and keen insights about people and life situations and to have clear visual mental images, pictures, to "see" auras and other psychic phenomena.



C.A.U.S.E. -


C.L.A.M.P. - The Christian Legion Against Media Pornography, founded and operated by Jonathan Christian Webster, III, also known as "J.C.". See also J.C.


COMING GLOBAL SUPERSTORM, THE - The Coming Global Superstorm is a 1999 book by Art Bell & Whitley Strieber which predicts that global warming might produce sudden and catastrophic climatic effects. The 2004 movie, The Day After Tomorrow is based in part on this book.

The book posits the following theory:

* First, that the Gulf Stream and North Atlantic drift generates a cordon of warm water around the north pole, which in turn creates a cordon of warm air that holds in a frozen mass of arctic air.
* Second, that if the Gulf Stream were to shut down, that barrier would fail, releasing a flood of frozen air into the northern hemisphere, effecting a sudden and drastic temperature shift.

The book discusses a possible cause of the failure of the gulf stream: that the melting of the polar ice caps could drastically affect the salinity of the North Atlantic drift by dumping a large quantity of freshwater into the world's oceans.

Bell and Strieber explain the possibility that such current destabilizations have occurred before. Among their citations is the island city of Nan Madol - the claim is made that its construction, with exacting tolerances and extremely heavy basalt materials, necessitates a high degree of technical competancy. Since no such society exists in the modern record - or, even, in legend - this society must have been destroyed by dramatic means. While other explanations beside a global meteorological event are possible, a correlating evidence set is presented in the woolly mammoth. Strieber and Bell assert that, since mammoths have been found preserved with food still in their mouths and undigested in their stomachs, that these animals must have been cut down quickly, in otherwise normal conditions, and been preserved so well by quick freezing. This is taken as evidence of a rapid onset of a global blizzard or similar event.

Interspersed with the analytical parts of the book are a series of interlinked short stories, describing what might transpire today, should a destabilization of the North Atlantic Current occur. These fictional accounts of "current events" as the meteorological situation deteriorates provided background and inspiration for the 2004 science-fiction film The Day After Tomorrow and, indeed, some events from the book are portrayed in the film with little modification.


CORAL CASTLE - Coral Castle is a stone structure created by the Latvian-American eccentric, Edward Leedskalnin, north of the city of Homestead, Florida at the intersection of U.S. Route 1 (South Dixie Highway) and Southwest 288th Street (Biscayne Drive). The structure is comprised of numerous megalithic stones (mostly coral), each weighing several tons.

The structure is considered mysterious, by some, mainly because it is often said that one man assembled the entire structure. The veracity of this is impossible to prove, however, because Leedskalnin worked at night, hidden from the eyes of observers. This claim has led to numerous theories on the method Leedskalnin used to construct it.

Some suggest that he used a form of antigravity device to build the castle since Leedskalnin weighed just 100 lb (45 kg) and seemed too weak to physically build it using ordinary means. Numerous designs have been suggested for this device, some using "harmonic sound waves", some using magnetism, and numerous other proposals. Leedskalnin himself claimed that he knew the "secret" of the ancient Egyptian pyramids, and some allege he used those secrets to assemble the structure. However, it's likely Leedskalnin constructed the Castle using simple traditional means, as pictures exist of him constructing the castle with blocks and tackle.


CROSS-SPECIES COMMUNICATION - To have a special rapport and understanding with animals, plants or alien beings.


CRYPTIDS - Animals presumed extinct or hypothetical species of animals known from anecdotal evidence and/or other evidence insufficient to prove their existence with certainty. The term "cryptid" was first coined in 1983 by John Wall. Cryptids may also be known as an Unidentified Mysterious Animal (UMA).


CRYPTOZOOLOGIST - One who studies or searches for cryptids.


CRYPTOZOOLOGY - the study of animals that are rumored to exist, but for which conclusive proof is still missing; the term also includes the study of animals generally considered extinct, but which are still occasionally reported. Those who study or search for such animals are called cryptozoologists, while the hypothetical creatures involved are referred to by some as "cryptids", a term coined by John Wall in 1983.


CRYSTAL BALL - A crystal ball is a crystal or glass ball believed to aid clairvoyance. It is sometimes known as a shew stone.

The art or process of "seeing" is known as "scrying," whereby images are seen in crystals, or other mediums such as water, and are interpreted as meaningful information. The "information" gleaned then is used to make important decisions in one's life (i.e. love, marriage, finances, travel, business, etc).

When the technique of scrying is used with crystals, or any transparent body, it is known as crystallomancy.


CRYSTAL GAYLE - Crystal Gayle (born January 9, 1951) is a country music and pop music singer. She is famous for her nearly floor length long hair and was voted one of the 50 most beautiful people in the world in 1983. She is also the sister of singer Loretta Lynn and cousin of singer Patty Loveless.

Born Brenda Gail Webb in Paintsville, Kentucky, Gayle began performing and recording during the early 1970s.


CRYSTALLOMANCY - The art of gazing into a crystal globe, a pool of water, a mirror, or any transparent object. The person may put him/her self into a hypnotic state to see visions or to summon forth spirits or demons.


CUFOS - The Center for UFO Studies (CUFOS) is a privately-funded unidentified flying object (UFO) research group. It was founded in 1973 by Dr. J. Allen Hynek, a professor of astronomy at Northwestern University in Chicago. Dr. Hynek was also a top scientific consultant for Project Blue Book, the US Air Force's official study of the UFO mystery from 1948 to 1969. Although Dr. Hynek started out as a skeptic and helped the Air Force to debunk most UFO reports, he gradually became convinced that a small number of UFO cases were not hoaxes or explainable as misidentifications of natural phenomena, and that these reports might represent something extraordinary - even alien visitation from other planets.

When the Air Force shut down Project Blue Book in 1969, Dr. Hynek decided to establish his own organization to continue to study UFO reports in a scientific and unbiased manner. Based in Chicago, CUFOS continues to be a small research organization stressing scientific analysis of UFO cases. Its extensive archives include historically valuable files from defunct civilian research groups such as NICAP, one of the most popular and credible UFO research groups of the 1950's and 1960's. Following Dr. Hynek's death in 1986, CUFOS was renamed the J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies in his honor. The current leader and scientific director of CUFOS is Dr. Mark Rodeghier, who holds a doctorate in sociology from the University of Illinois.


CYDONIA - Cydonia Mensae is an albedo feature (region) on Mars. It lies in the planet's northern hemisphere in a transitional zone between the heavily-cratered regions to the south and relatively smooth plains to the North. Cydonia itself is covered in numerous mesas and may have been a coastal zone if planetologists are correct in believing that the northern plains were once ocean beds. Also see FACE ON MARS, D&M PYRAMID, RICHARD C. HOAGLAND.


D&M PYRAMID - A three-sided pyramidal feature located on the Martian Cydonia Mensae. Also see FACE ON MARS, D&M PYRAMID, RICHARD C. HOAGLAND.


DAY AFTER TOMORROW, THE - The Day After Tomorrow is a 2004 apocalyptic science-fiction film that depicts catastrophic effects of global cooling and boasts high-end special effects, bending the lines between science, reality and science fiction. Worldwide, it is the 37th top grossing film of all time, with total revenue of $542,000,000 in US dollars.

The Day After Tomorrow premiered in Mexico City on May 17, 2004 and was released worldwide from May 26 to May 28 except in South Korea and Japan where it was released June 4 and June 5, respectively.

The movie was inspired by The Coming Global Superstorm, a book written by Art Bell & Whitley Strieber. There are relativley subtle connections between the book and the film: one being that there is a scene depicting a rescue mission at the New York Public Library.

Shortly before and during the release of the movie, members of environmental groups and former Vice President Al Gore distributed pamphlets to movie-goers describing what they believe to be the possible effects of global warming, which generally did not agree with the film; some believe Gore looked too much into the film as what he may have thought to have been "a scientifically accurate movie". During the session of which the film was out in theaters, much criticism arose towards politicians concerning the Kyoto Protocol and climate change, and in the end the movie created quite the political stir.


DAY AFTER ROSWELL, THE -


DEJÀ VU - Certain events and experiences seem as if you are re-experiencing the event or situation that has happened at another time. As familiar as the experiences are, you cannot recall nor figure out when they happened.


DEMONOLOGY - One who studies and practices the art of demonology. An individual who specializes in the removal of evil or demonic forces from a given environment using the art of demonology. One who brings demonic forces out of their slumber to be cast away. Someone who uses the art of demonology to incantate demons for ones use in battling them.


DETACHMENT THREE - See AREA 51.


DIRECT WRITING - Direct writing is when spirits actually write using any means. This can be done by slate writing or by pen and paper.


DIVINATION - The obtain unknown knowledge or future events from omens. Astrology may be considered divination.


DIVINING ROD - A forked rod from a tree said to indicate the presence of water or minerals underground.


DMILS - Abbreviation of Direct Mental Interaction with Living Systems. Used to denote instances where one person is attempting to influence a distant biological system, usually the physiology of another person. As it is unclear whether this represents an influence (see psychokinesis), a case of ESP on the part of the influence (see ESP) or an opportunistic selection process, the term 'interaction' has been adopted.


DOPPELGANGER - A spirit of a living person outside of the physical body.


DOWSING - To be able to find underground water and/or underground minerals.


DREAMLAND - Also see Area 51. A radio program created by Art Bell in the late 1980's that aired prior to Coast to Coast AM. Currently hosted by Whitley Strieber in an online format.


EDNA PRINGLE - See J.C.


EDWARD LEEDSKALNIN - See CORAL CASTLE.


EMOTIONAL VAMPIRE - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


EMPATHY - Rarely used in modern parapsychology, the popular usage of this term refers to a low-level form of telepathy wherein the empath appears to be aware of the emotional state of a distant person. An empath may also be able to "broadcast" emotions to others.


EMPATHIC VAMPIRE - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


END TIMES, THE - The End Times are a time of tribulation that will precede the coming of a Messiah figure in many world religions. Primarily, the term End Times has evolved from use around a group of beliefs in Christian millennialism. For a more general view, see eschatology.


END OF TIMES - See END TIMES, THE.


ENERGY PARASITE - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


ENERGY PREDATOR - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


ENERGY SAPPER or ENERGY ZAPPER - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


ENERGY VAMPIRE - See PSYCHIC VAMPIRE.


ESP - Extrasensory perception (ESP) is the knowledge of external objects or events without the aid of the senses.


ETHER - See AETHER, THE.


ETHEREAL - Of or pertaining to heaven or the spirit. Also see AETHER, THE.


FACE ON MARS - One of the Cydonian mesas, situated at 30°45' north latitude and 9°26' west longitude, took on the striking appearance of a human Face on Mars in a photo taken by Viking 1 on July 25, 1976. While generally believed to be an optical illusion (pareidolia), others view it as evidence of a long-lost Martian civilization. Other features are argued to have been observed, such as apparent pyramids. A popular belief is that these are part of a ruined city. NASA has stated however that "a detailed analysis of multiple images of this feature reveals a natural-looking Martian hill whose illusory face-like appearance depends on viewing angle and angle of illumination." More recent pictures by the Mars Global Surveyor seem only to confirm the validity of this scientific opinion. On September 21, 2006, the European Space Agency published new photographs of the Cydonia region taken by the Mars Express probe. The new images are at a resolution of less than 14 m/pixel (46 ft/pixel).

On October 23, 2006, the European Space Agency published a 3D animation of the "Face on Mars" using a combination of digital data from the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on the Mars Express probe and the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) on board NASA's Mars Global Surveyor.

Originally, eighteen images of the Cydonia Mensae region were taken by the Viking 1 and 2 orbiters, but only seven have resolutions better than 250 m/pixel (820 ft/pixel). The other eleven images have resolutions worse than 550 m/pixel (1800 ft/pixel) and are virtually useless for studying the "feature". Of the seven good images, the lighting and time at which two pairs of images were taken are so close as to reduce the number to five usable, distinct images. The Mission to Mars: Viking Orbiter Images of Mars CD-ROM image numbers are: 35A72 (VO-1010), 70A13 (VO-1011), 561A25 (VO-1021), 673B56 & 673B54 (VO-1063), and 753A33 & 753A34 (VO-1028).


FAITH HEALING - To know that you and others can heal yourselves by simply believing it.


FANTASIC FORUM or FANTASTIC FORUM PIRATES - A web-based internet chat community devoted to the Coast to Coast AM radio program. Originally founded as an Art Bell chat site. Members refer to themselves as Pirates.


FLYING TRIANGLE - See BLACK TRIANGLE.


GANZFIELD - A state of mild sensory deprivation, characterized by the presentation of homogenous sensory fields. Thus, a person in Ganzfeld will have diffusive plastic hemispheres over their eyes while in a dimly red-lit room, be listening to white noise through headphones, and be seated in a comfortable, semi-reclined chair. Its use in parapsychology is based on a noise-reduction model.


GEORGE NOORY - George Ralph Noory (born June 4, 1950) is an American radio broadcaster.

As of 2006, he is the weekday host of the late-night radio talk show Coast to Coast AM. Noory was born and raised in Detroit, Michigan, but now resides in Los Angeles, California and occasionally broadcasts from St. Louis, Missouri. Noory has more than 37 years of broadcasting experience and has won three Emmy awards.

Noory served nine years in the United States Navy. He has said that he became fascinated with ufology and the paranormal as a child after having an out-of-body experience. As a teenager, Noory joined NICAP, the UFO organization that was a precursor to today's MUFON.

Prior to hosting Coast to Coast AM, Noory hosted his own late-night radio program on KTRS in St. Louis where he was known as "the Nighthawk." The show, like Coast-to-Coast, also dealt with the paranormal, and was carried by stations in five states.

Noory became a guest host for Coast-to-Coast before replacing Ian Punnett as the Sunday night host. On January 1st, 2003, Noory took over the weeknight hosting duties from Art Bell, who had decided again to retire. Bell then returned to host the Saturday and Sunday programs, with Ian Punnett doing the Coast to Coast Live show on Saturday night. With Noory as host, Coast to Coast AM experienced a continuous boost in listenership and became the top rated late night radio talk show in numerous radio markets throughout the country.

On January 21, 2006, it was announced that Art would return to Coast to Coast on Saturdays and Sundays, replacing Ian Punnett on Saturdays, and George R. Noory on the first two Sundays of the month. Art returned to the airwaves on January 22, 2006, following his wife's death on January 5. Art announced on his first show back on January 22 that Ian Punnett will not be unemployed. Ian will work the prefeed live for 4 hours before Art Bell's slot on Saturday nights from 9pm-1am EST, 6pm-10pm PST.

Noory is known for his mild-mannered interviewing style and his willingness to air callers with claims of alien abductions, near-death experiences, and other paranormal topics. In the past, he has made some unusual claims on his show. Noory claims that when he broadcasts his show from St. Louis, he broadcasts from a dark cave in the middle of nowhere. Regular listeners to Coast to Coast AM know well, however, that such claims are usually nothing more than Noory's tongue-in-cheek musings which, it may be assumed, are meant to further amplify the air of mystery embodied in the show's very premise.

George Noory's patriotic pro-American stand, his down-to-earth style and his ability to instantly react to any types of callers in a friendly, often humorous manner has greatly contributed to his popularity with millions of US and Canadian listeners of all walks of life, from truckers driving across America at night to policemen on duty and night-shift security personnel to the blind and the elderly, and simply lonely people in need of a friend.

George's family is said to be of Lebanese Christian descent and his father was born in Cairo in 1922. According to George, he was brought up as a Roman Catholic and his mother was a devout Catholic. He says he believes in 'a God' but some of his views, for instance on reincarnation and the creation of the human race by aliens who carried out a number of genetic experiments are quite out of line with the official dogma.

George Noory is currently divorced. He once referred to the stress of working as a late-night talk show host as one of the reasons for his failed marriage. He has two adult children, a son and a daughter, and a granddaughter.

Noory has repeatedly announced on-air that he is committed to remaining the major host of "Coast" until at least 2012, a year which is a frequently discussed in regard to so-called "Earth changes". His commitment is substantiated by a long-term contract with Premiere Radio Networks, a subsidiary of Clear Channel Communications which also produces such radio programs as Rush Limbaugh, Dr. Laura, and Glenn Beck.


GHOST - Ghosts or spooks are controversial phenomena which have several possible definitions:

* The spirit or soul of a person who has died, especially one which haunts a place which was of emotional significance to that person when living.
* The personality of a person after his or her own death which is not directly tied to the soul or spirit. A sort of psychic memory-imprint.
* The character or memory of some being or thing which has died or, if it was never alive, been somehow destroyed or disassembled, which nevertheless remains existent (and sometimes detectable) in a semi-corporeal form.

According to reported sightings, ghosts have taken the shape of humans, animals, and even vehicles. There are reports of ghosts (usually of deceased humans) in most cultures throughout the world. There is a great deal of dispute whether ghosts are figments of the imagination or part of objective existence. Ghosts are among the subjects studied by parapsychologists.


GHOST TO GHOST - The Halloween edition of Coast to Coast AM becomes Ghost to Ghost, as listeners call in with their ghost stories. This program is traditionally hosted by Art Bell. Though Ghost to Ghost is a Halloween treat for listeners, at various times throughout the history of Coast to Coast AM, there have been non-Halloween editions.


GLOBAL COOLING - Global cooling in general can refer to a cooling of the earth; more specifically, it is a theory positing an overall cooling of the Earth and perhaps the commencement of glaciation. This theory gained temporary popular attention due to press reporting following a better understanding of ice age cycles and a temporary downward trend of temperatures from the 1940s to the early 1970s. The theory never had strong scientific support. At present, the Earth is not cooling, but rather is in a period of global warming mostly attributed to human activity.


GLOBAL WARMING - Global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans in recent decades.

The Earth's average near-surface atmospheric temperature rose 0.6 ± 0.2 °Celsius (1.1 ± 0.4 °Fahrenheit) in the 20th century. The prevailing scientific opinion on climate change is that "most of the warming observed over the last 50 years is attributable to human activities".

The increased amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) are the primary causes of the human-induced component of warming. They are released by the burning of fossil fuels, land clearing and agriculture, etc. and lead to an increase in the greenhouse effect. The first speculation that a greenhouse effect might occur was by the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius in 1897, although it did not become a topic of popular debate until some 90 years later.

The measure of the response to increased GHGs, and other anthropogenic and natural climate forcings, is climate sensitivity. It is found by observational and model studies. This sensitivity is usually expressed in terms of the temperature response expected from a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere. The current literature estimates sensitivity in the range 1.5–4.5 °C (2.7–8.1 °F). Models referenced by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) project that global temperatures might increase between 1.4 and 5.8 °C (2.5 to 10.5 °F) between 1990 and 2100. The uncertainty in this range results from both the difficulty of estimating the volume of future greenhouse gas emissions and uncertainty about climate sensitivity.

An increase in global temperatures can in turn cause other changes, including a rising sea level and changes in the amount and pattern of precipitation. These changes may increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as floods, droughts, heat waves, hurricanes, and tornados. Other consequences include higher or lower agricultural yields, glacial retreat, reduced summer stream flows, species extinctions and increases in the ranges of disease vectors. Warming is expected to affect the number and magnitude of these events; however, it is difficult to connect particular events to global warming. Although most studies focus on the period up to 2100, warming (and sea level rise due to thermal expansion) is expected to continue past then, since CO2 has an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 50 to 200 years. [4]. Only a small minority of climate scientists discount the role that humanity's actions have played in recent warming. However, the uncertainty is more significant regarding how much climate change should be expected in the future, and there is a hotly contested political and public debate over what, if anything, should be done to reduce or reverse future warming, and how to deal with the predicted consequences.


GRAYS or GREYS - The Greys, also known as Roswell aliens, Zetas, or Reticulians, are an alleged extraterrestrial life forms that appear in modern UFO conspiracy theories, and other UFO-related paranormal phenomena. They make up approximately 75% of all aliens reported in the US, 20% of all aliens reported in Mainland Europe, and 12% of all aliens reported in Britain.


GROOM LAKE - See AREA 51.


HEMATOPHAGY - See VAMPIRISM.


HYPERDIMENSIONAL PHYSICS - Hyperdimensional physics is a form of Pseudoscience theorized in the mid 19th Century. The pseudoscience was based on mathametical and geometric foundations. Unlike conventional physics, Hyperdimensional physics do not follow the scientific methoid and as a result is not accepted or is ignored by the general scientific community. See also HOAGLAND, RICHARD C.


IAN PUNNETT - Case Ian Punnett (born March 3, 1960 in Wilmette, Illinois) is an American radio broadcaster. He has appeared on national news programs for CNN. He is a former host of widely-syndicated Coast to Coast AM, created by Art Bell, where he hosted every Sunday night from April 2000 until December 2001 and then every Saturday night from June 2005 until January 2006. His Coast to Coast audience has nicknamed him affectionately, "Church Boy" or the Ferret or Chad Bonesteel.

On January 21, 2006 Punnett announced that the original host, Art Bell, would be returning each Saturday and Sunday to broadcast the show. Punnett moved to Coast to Coast Live with Ian Punnett, a new, four hour program, on January 28, 2006. The new show occupies a slot (6 p.m.-10 PM Pacific/9 p.m.-1 a.m. Eastern) where Coast to Coast AM had offered repeats of earlier shows for stations which carried the show earlier than the 1 a.m. Eastern/10 p.m. Pacific live start time. As such, many existing Coast to Coast AM affiliates automatically carried the new program from its first night and in the subsequent months many new affiliates have come on board. Currently, the affiliate count stands around 200. In his short time hosting Coast to Coast Live, Punnett has developed a loyal following of his own. Punnett always opens the show reminding 'hostile invading aliens' hovering just beyond earth's atmosphere to 'Eat the Canadians first', saying they are 'much tastier' than overweight Americans.

Punnett, under the pseudonym "Ian Case" (his first and middle names transposed), co-hosted rock morning radio shows on WXLP in the Quad Cities as "Ian Case and the Coach" and then as "Ian Case and The Duke" with Mike "The Duke" Donegan on then-rock music station WKDF in Nashville, Tennessee in the early-to-mid-1990s. He left to do talk radio for WGN in Chicago in 1994 then Atlanta, Georgia in 1997 to host a nightly talk show on WGST under his real name, Ian Punnett. He returned to the WKDF morning show in 1998, though he remained in Atlanta and broadcast the show from a studio in his home after doing his show on WGST (his co-host, Mike "Duke" Donegan, broadcast from the station's Nashville studio). Punnett would occasionally slip up and announce his real name instead of the pseudonym, which inadvertently became a running gag. That show's run came to an end in early 1999, shortly before WKDF switched to a country music format.

In Minneapolis-St. Paul, Punnett hosts the morning show (5-9 a.m.) on WFMP-FM. The show is known as A Balanced Breakfast with Ian and Margery, and is co-hosted by his wife, Margery C. Punnett who does her part of the show from a studio in their home while getting their two teenage boys off to school. Punnett has Masters of Divinity degree from Columbia Theological Seminary in Atlanta, and is in the ordination process in The Episcopal Church. His wife. Margery C. Punnett, is a former TV producer who has worked for CNN as well as Oprah.


INNER VOICE - Receiving guidance and assistance from inside of you.


INSECTOID - Insectoid denotes any creature or object that shares a similar body or traits with common earth insects. Insectoids are commonly found in science fiction. Insectoids are also one of several reported alien species common in UFO abduction cases.


INTUITION - Act of knowing without the use of usual rational processes. Based partly on subconscious pattern association of known information, and partly on subconscious psi impressions.


JAQUES F. VALLEE, Ph.D. - Jacques F. Vallée, Ph.D., (born September 24, 1939) is a French-born ufologist, computer scientist, and former astronomer, currently residing in San Francisco, United States. (He should not be confused with the Canadian astronomer Jacques P. Vallée.)


J. ALLEN HYNEK, DR. - Josef Allen Hynek (May 1, 1910 - April 27, 1986) was a U.S. astronomer, professor, and ufologist.

He is probably best remembered for his UFO research: Hynek acted as scientific advisor to three consecutive UFO studies undertaken by the U.S. Air Force: Project Sign (1947-1949), Project Grudge (1949-1952), and finally, Project Blue Book (1952 to 1969); for decades afterwards, he conducted his own independent UFO reseach.


J.C. - JONATHAN CHRISTIAN WEBSTER, III - Jonathan Christian Webster III (also known as J.C.) is a frequent caller to the radio talk show Coast to Coast AM, primarily when Art Bell is the host. He purports to be the leader of a Christian religious group called CLAMP, the Christian Legion Against Media Pornography.


JOHN TITOR - John Titor was the name used for the purported time traveler from the year 2036 who posted on several time-travel–related Internet bulletin boards during 2000/2001, making many ambiguous, but seemingly falsifiable, predictions about events in the near future and giving an account of his supposed native time period. Many proponents of Titor believe his claims may be unsubstantiated due to the complex nature of the multiple time-line theory. Whether or not John Titor was a hoax has been a topic of controversy on web-based paranormal discussion boards.


KINGDOM OF NYE - Nye County is nicknamed "The Kingdom of Nye" from the radio program Coast to Coast AM, hosted by former Pahrump resident Art Bell.

Nye County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of 2000, the population was 32,485. In 2004 its population was 46,714. Nye is the third largest county in terms of area in the continental United States. Its county seat is Tonopah.

The Nevada Test Site and proposed nuclear waste repository Yucca Mountain is located in the south-western part of the county and is the focus of a great deal of political and public controversy in the state. The U.S. federal government also owns 92% of the land in the county. This is also a controversial subject for the county and for the state.

A portion of Death Valley National Park is in Nye County, and visitors often stay at Beatty or Amargosa Valley.


KNOWINGNESS / INTUITION - To get information without knowing where it came from. An instinctual feeling.


LEVITATION - See TELEKINESIS.


LUMINIFEROUS AETHER - See AETHER.


LYCANTHROPE or LYCANTHROPY - See WEREWOLF.


MADMAN MARKHAM -


MALACHI MARTIN, FATHER - The Reverend Dr. Father Malachi Brendan Martin (July 23, 1921–July 27, 1999) was a Roman Catholic priest and a former Jesuit. Author of 15 books on religious and geo-political topics, Martin was a controversial commentator on the Vatican and other Catholic matters and a regular guest of Art Bell on Coast to Coast AM. He was a brother of the Irish historian F. X. Martin.


MARK OF THE BEAST - See 666.


Mel Waters - See MEL'S HOLE.


Mel's Hole - Mel's Hole is the name of an alleged infinitely deep hole with a retaining wall around it, featuring paranormal powers purportedly found on the property of Mel Waters, who publicised its existence on episodes of Coast to Coast with Art Bell airing between 1997 and 2002. The property is located near Ellensburg, Washington, near the Manastash Ridge. Although the existence of this hole and the events surrounding it have been doubted by many, Art Bell and many of his listeners believe in the existence of the hole and continue to search for it today.

According to the stories surrounding this, Mel Waters owned land outside of Ellensburg, which had a hole he plotted the depth (allegedly) to at least 80,000 feet deep. According to the Seattle Times, he claimed that "soldiers in yellow gear cordoned off his property and threatened to 'find' a drug lab on it if he didn't cooperate," and that "one neighbor claimed to have thrown a dead dog in the hole, only to see it later frolicking in the woods; how another saw a black beam emanating from the hole; how transistor radios brought to the hole play programs from the past." Search parties to this day routinely search the territory near Ellensburg for evidence of the hole.


MEN IN BLACK (MIBs) - The term Men in Black (MIBs), in popular culture, is used in UFO conspiracy theories to describe men dressed in black suits claiming to be government agents who attempt to harass or threaten UFO witnesses into silence.

"All MIB are not necessarily garbed in dark suits," writes American researcher Jerome Clark. "The term is a generic one, used to refer to any unusual, threatening or strangely behaved individual whose appearance on the scene can be linked in some fashion with a UFO sighting."

The phenomenon was initially and most frequently reported in the 1950s and 1960s; it is contemporaneous with many other conspiracy theories.


MIKE SIEGEL - Mike Siegel (born 1945) is an American radio talk show host. He was the host of the late night talk show Coast to Coast AM from April 2000 until January 2001. He became a frequent substitute of the show's host, Art Bell in late 1999 and early 2000, and when Bell announced his retirement, he recommended Siegel to succeed him. Siegel maintained the format of the show that Art Bell had created, but his personal style was very different, and the show became less popular. Early in 2001, Bell decided to return and Siegel left the show.

Siegel hosted the show from Seattle, Washington where he lived. He is Jewish and a political conservative. Before and after his time on Coast to Coast, he was a substitute for some nationally syndicated conservative talk show hosts including Michael Reagan. During the 1990s, he had a daily talk show on Seattle's KVI.

Siegel was also formerly host of a morning drive conservative talk show on KTTH in Seattle, Washington. In early December 2005, His contract with KTTH expired and he quit his show. He is now replaced by David Boze and Dan Sytman in the morning.

On February 1, 2006 Siegel began a "temporary" stint (announced to be through the end of February) as host of "Noonday" on WDAY-AM [1] in Fargo, North Dakota. The show had been hosted by Jack Sunday and Sandy Buttweiler, who abruptly left the station on January 26, 2006 to return to Clear Channel-owned KFGO-AM, where they had been fired in December, 2004.

As of June, 2006, he is doing a one-hour local issues radio show from 5-7 PM on KITZ in Bremerton Washington and KGTK in Olympia.


MIND CONSCIOUSNESS EXPERIMENTS - Also known as MASS CONSCIOUSNESS EXPERIMENTS. During the 1990's, Art Bell conducted a series of these attempts to influence weather and politics using the combined mental energy of his listening audience. He has since suspended further experimentation, citing unintended consequences as the reason. George Noory, however, has continued to call on listeners to participate, not feeling the need for total restraint despite Art Bell's warnings to the contrary.


MIND TRAVELING - See O.B.E.


MIND TRAVELER - See O.B.E.


MOMUS ALEXANDER MORGUS - See MORGUS, DR.


MORGUS, DR. - Momus Alexander Morgus, also known as Dr. Morgus and Morgus the Magnificent, is the television persona of former late-night horror host Sid Noel Rideau.

As the fictional scientist Dr. Morgus, he first appeared on late night television in New Orleans, Louisiana on January 3, 1959, in the House of Shock. With the help of his assistant, Chopsley, and a talking skull known as E.R.I.C., Morgus conducted weekly experiments while hosting late night horror movies. He also appeared in Detroit in 1964. He was the first horror host to star in a feature film, "The Wacky World of Dr. Morgus" in 1962.

He claims his parents were scientists. He claims to come from a long line of scientists, stretching back 4,380 years to Morgus the First, master architect of the great pyramid. Morgus alleges to have mastered differential calculus at age five and estimates his IQ to be somewhere in the 300 range. He claims to have created the Internet (later stolen by the Pentagon), the cell phone, coined the phrase "outside the box," and discovered the speed of dark, which he described as roughly twice the speed of light. He also insisted that he possesses Albert Einstein's brain and the world's first molecular integrated computer.

Lately Dr. Morgus has been showing up on the Coast-to-Coast AM radio show at the behest of long-time fan George Noory.


MUFON - The Mutual UFO Network, or MUFON for short, is headquartered in Morisson, Colorado. It is one of the oldest and largest UFO investigative organizations in the United States. Established in 1969, it now has more than 3,000 members worldwide with most of its membership base situated in the continental United States. MUFON operates a worldwide network of regional directors for field investigations of UFO sightings reports, holds an annual national symposium and publishes the monthly MUFON UFO Journal.

The stated mission of MUFON is the scientific study of UFOs for the benefit of humanity through investigations, research and education.

Along with CUFOS (the J. Allen Hynek Center for UFO Studies) and FUFOR (the Fund for UFO Research), MUFON is part of the UFO Research Coalition, a collaborative effort by the three main UFO investigative organizations in the US whose goal is to share personnel and other research resources, and to fund and promote the scientific study of the UFO phenomenon.


MUTUAL UFO NETWORK, THE - See MUFON.


NEAR-DEATH-EXPERIENCE (NDE) - A near-death experience (NDE) is an experience reported by a person who has died Clinical death and been revived (usually by medical means). Recent scientific studies have validated the NDE as not only a legitimate experience, but a verification of the long-held belief in an afterlife. The experience is extremely common, especially since the development of cardiac resuscitation techniques. According to a Gallup poll approximately eight million Americans claim to have had a near-death experience (Mauro, 1992). The experience often includes an out-of-body experience.


NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR DISCOVERY SCIENCE (NIDS) - The National Institute for Discovery Science was founded by Robert Bigelow as a way to channel funds into the proper scientific study of paranormal phenomena. They have done extensive research into the area of Cattle mutilation and also became the FAA's sole recipient for black triangle reports. Most famously they bought Skinwalker Ranch, when the news started breaking about it in 1996, and Deputy Administrator Colm Kelleher led the investigation for a number of years.

Due to their rather opaque nature rumours have circulated (predominantly online) about the NIDS. These largely revolve around their alleged connections with the military-industrial complex, with some even suggesting they are a CIA front organization. However, others, especially those in the UFO community, say they have proved a great help in funding investigations.


NORDICS or NORDIC ALIENS or NORDS - Nordic aliens, or Nords, are one of several types of extraterrestrial featured in the UFO mythos.

Nords are described as resembling beautiful, taller than average humans with Nordic or Scandinavian features: pale skin, blue or green eyes and blonde hair, reminiscent of Tolkien's Eldar. Nordic contacts, often from Venus, were frequently reported in the 1950s and 1960s, but declined after that. Contactees said they are known to beam down from gold or silver colored cresent-shapes UFOs as well as a gigantic bright cigar-shaped UFOs. Many people believe the cigar-shape UFOs serve as a mother ship because there have been reports of smaller ships flying around it. Their space crafts are often very fast-moving and can come in large numbers. Several reports claim that these UFOs were encountered near mountains or forests and rarely hover thought over places.

Contactees' reports of Nordic aliens describe them as benevolent observers who are not allowed to interfere with Earth culture. They are rarely described as abducting humans or performing experiments on them. Many people theorise they are humans' long lost relatives that have travelled to other planets. Most Nordics aliens who are encountered on earth are males. They communicate telepathically.

Some versions of the UFO mythoi allege that in 1953, Nordic aliens landed at Homestead Air Force Base to warn humans of the Greys and Reptoids. Incorporating the claims of Billy Meier into the lore surrounding them, many believers of the mythoi say that the Nordics originate in the Pleiades, despite the extreme youth of the stars contained in this cluster and therefore, the great improbablity of life as we know it having evolved there. People claim the Nordics aliens live on the planet Telosia. They are sometimes known as Telosians and Pleiadeans. They are also referred to as Venusians and Wingmakers.

Some speculate that many UFOs are secret aircraft made by humans in the USA and being tested. If so, the "Nordic aliens" are the aircraft's human white American crew.


OUT-OF-BODY EXPERIENCE (OBE) or ASTRAL PROJECTION - To be able to leave your physical body and project your soul, consciousness or what appears to be your mind to another place and return via a silver cord.


PAUL HELLYER - Paul Theodore Hellyer, PC (born August 6, 1923, in Waterford, Ontario) is a Canadian politician and commentator who has had a long and varied career.

On June 3, 1967 Hellyer flew in by helicopter to officially inaugurate an Unidentified flying object landing pad in St. Paul, Alberta. The town had built the landing pad as its Canadian Centennial celebration project, and as a symbol of keeping space free from human warfare. The sign beside the pad reads: "The area under the World's First UFO Landing Pad was designated international by the Town of St. Paul as a symbol of our faith that mankind will maintain the outer universe free from national wars and strife. That future travel in space will be safe for all intergalactic beings, all visitors from earth or otherwise are welcome to this territory and to the Town of St. Paul."

Throughout his life, Hellyer has been opposed to the weaponization of space. He supports the Space Preservation Treaty to ban space weapons.

In early September 2005, Hellyer made headlines by publicly announcing that he believed in UFOs. On September 25, 2005, he was an invited speaker at an exopolitics conference in Toronto where he told the audience that he had seen a UFO one night with his late wife and some friends. He said that though he discounted the experience at the time, he had kept an open mind to it. He said that he started taking the issue much more seriously after watching ABC's Peter Jennings' UFO special in February 2005.


PARADISE RANCH - See Area 51.


PARAPSYCHOLOGY - Literally beyond psychology. The study of apparent new means of communication, or interaction, between organisms and their environment (commonly referred to as psi, or psychic ability), beyond those presently understood by the scientific community.


PARAZOOLOGY - See Cryptozoology.


PAST LIFE RECALL - To remember or have mental flashes about living in another century.


POLTERGEIST - A general term applied to a variety of site-, or sometimes person-, specific physical phenomena. These can include temperature variations, anomalous sounds, and movement of physical objects. The word 'poltergeist' literally means 'noisy spirit' and was coined back when such phenomena were thought to be due to the presence of some sort of mischievous entity. Currently, poltergeist phenomena are usually considered to be related either to unusual physical conditions at the affected site, or to be related to psychokinesis. Anecdotal reports suggest that many poltergeist focus on an individual under some form of emotional stress.


PRANIC VAMPIRE - See Psychic Vampire.


PRECOGNITION - Pre-knowing; where nondeductible information about a future event is acquired.


PRECOGNITIVE DREAMS - To have dreams of events or incidents before they happen.


PREDICTION - To be able to predict future events before they occur.


PREMIERE RADIO NETWORKS - Premiere Radio Networks syndicates some of the most popular radio programs in the United States. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Clear Channel Worldwide and is headed by Kraig Kitchin.

Premiere programs are heard on over 5000 radio stations worldwide, primarily in the United States and Canada and through streaming audio over the Internet on their system called Streamlink.


PROJECT CRYSTAL NIGHT - See PROJECT SERPO.


PROJECT SERPO - Project Serpo is a term in ufology circles referring to an alleged exchange program between ultra top secret levels in the government of the United States and aliens from a homeworld called Serpo.

In November 2005 an anonymous source, claiming to be part of a high level group of people within the US Defense Intelligence Agency DIA, began releasing information allegedly concerning Project Serpo. This released information claims that in July 1947 there were two extraterrestrial disks UFOs that crashed in the state of New Mexico, widely known and referenced as the famous Roswell UFO incident.

The Project Serpo releases further claim that there was one surviving alien entity, known as EBE, which was an abbreviation for Extraterrestrial Biological Entity. Communication was allegedly established with this surviving EBE, and consequently its home world. The EBE lived for 5 years and died in 1952. Communications continued with the home world, allegedly in the Zeta Reticuli star system, which led to the arrangement of an exchange program taking place between 1965 to 1978, in which 12 American astronauts traveled to Serpo, 8 of whom returned. Project Serpo may also have been known as Project Crystal Knight at the time.


PSI - A general term for parapsychological phenomena that includes informational (RV, ESP) and energetic (PK) effects. Psi, or Y, is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet.


PSIONIC VAMPIRE - See Psychic Vampire.


PSYCHIC - Popular term used to denote a person who regularly uses, or who appears to be especially gifted with, psi abilities. Also refers to general phenomena related to the mind (from Greek psyche).


PSYCHIC SURGERY - The supposed ability to paranormally perform invasive surgery using no conventional medical tools. The psychic surgeon uses either an unsterilized knife, or his bare hands, to appear to make an incision and remove some internal matter. Once the operation is finished, there is no sign of an incision, nor are there any unpleasant aftereffects (e.g. infection). Many of the investigated cases have turned out to be fraudulent, involving sleight of hand tricks to make the operation appear convincing. However, it is possible that, in some circumstances, the ritual nature of the "surgery" could help effect a cure through the equally mysterious placebo effect.


PSYCHIC VAMPIRE - An energy vampire or psychic vampire is a being said to have the ability to feed off the "life force" (called, variously, qi, prana, or vitality) of other living creatures. Alternative terms for these persons are pranic vampire, empathic vampire, energy predator, psy/psi-vamp, energy parasite, psionic vampire and emotional vampire.


PSYCHOKINESIS (PK) - See Telekinesis.


PSYCHOMETRY - To touch an object with your hands and get information about the object, it's creator, its owner, or it's history.


QUICKENING, THE -


RAMONA BELL - Second wife of Art Bell, Ramona Bell was married to Art Bell for fifteen years. She unexpectedly died from what appeared to be an acute asthma attack on January 5, 2006 in Laughlin, Nevada, where the couple was taking a short vacation. She was 47 years old. The events surrounding her death were described, in great detail, by Art Bell during the January 22 broadcast of Coast to Coast AM. For weeks thereafter, callers expressed their sadness and sympathy for Art Bell to George Noory who had taken Art Bell's place weekdays in 2002.

Mrs. Bell filled in for her husband as host of Coast to Coast AM on at least one occasion, after Art injured himself during the broadcast.


RAY SANTILLI - In 1995, Ray Santilli instigated a wide reaching "alien autopsy" controversy when he claimed to posses footage taken by in a tent by a US military cameraman shortly after the 1947 Roswell UFO incident. Santilli first presented his film to an invited audience of media representatives, UFOlogists and other dignitaries at the Museum of London on 5 May 1995. The footage was subsequently seen screened in more than thirty countries worldwide.

Santilli's original footage can be seen on the Laserdisc and VHS versions of Alien Autopsy – Fact or Fiction[1], a program shown on the Fox television network in 1995. Although the broadcast version did not show the actual "autopsy", those editions have the complete and unedited film, plus previously unreleased footage of wreckage from the presented as the remains of the alien craft reported to have crashed in Roswell. The show features interviews with experts on the authenticity of the film. Fox later produced a second program aimed at exposing the video as a hoax.


RENDLESHAM FOREST INCIDENT - The Rendlesham Forest Incident is the name given to a series of reported sightings of unexplained lights and objects in the sky and the alleged landing of an extraterrestrial spacecraft, which all took place in December 1980, in the vicinity of Rendlesham Forest, Suffolk, England. Along with the Berwyn Mountain Incident, it is perhaps the most famous UFO event to have happened in Britain, ranking amongst the best-known UFO events worldwide. It has been compared to the Roswell UFO incident in the United States and is, amongst Americans, commonly referred to as "Britain's Roswell" or the "English Roswell".

Like the Roswell incident, it occurred in the proximity of two military bases, RAF Woodbridge and RAF Bentwaters (now abandoned), which were being used by the United States Air Force (USAF), eight miles (13 km) outside Ipswich, Suffolk. At the time these USAF/RAF NATO bases were under the command of Major General Gordon E. Williams (ret.) and under the Deputy Base Commander Colonel Charles I Halt.

The Rendlesham Forest Incident occurred over a three-day span, which is now accepted to be from 26 December – 28 December 1980. Some of the evidence contradicts these dates, which has led to some confusion, as explained below.

The incident involved the reported sighting, by a number of people, of mysterious moving lights and a conical metal craft which apparently landed in the forest. As well as the accounts of the object itself, unusual levels of radiation were measured at the supposed landing site. Some believe that alien beings were seen by witnesses.

Sceptics dismiss the more extreme claims and offer rational explanations of the observed phenomena: for instance they claim that the initial sighting of an object apparently descending into the forest was caused by a bright fireball and that the flashing light subsequently seen from the forest edge was caused by the beam from a nearby lighthouse; nor, they say, was there anything unusual about the radiation levels. Believers do not accept that the sceptics can adequately refute eyewitness, documentary, photographic and radiological evidence.

Following the event, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) denied that it posed any threat to national security and that it was thus never investigated as a security matter. However, later evidence indicated that there was a substantial MoD file on the subject and this has led to claims of a cover-up. Some have interpreted this as part of a larger pattern of suppression of information in regard to UFO/Alien existence/knowledge by both the US and UK Governments (see the UFO conspiracy theory).

The Rendlesham Forest Incident has been the subject of a number of books and documentaries.


REPTILIAN or REPTILIAN HUMANOID - Reptilian humanoids are intelligent, supernatural, or highly developed reptile-like humanoids in mythology, popular fiction, and pseudoscientific theories. They also appear in some conspiracy theories, most notably those of David Icke, and in science fiction. Reptoids, a conjoined word defining Reptilian-Humanoid beings, is the most popular name used to descibe these cryptid beings, although some authors also refer to them as dinosauroids or lizardmen.

Similarly to the other cryptids, no one has produced proof of the existence of reptilian humanoids, and allegations of their existence can at best be referred to as cryptozoology or pseudoscience.


REMOTE INFLUENCE - Also see REMOTE VIEWING. The act of initiating actions on the part of individuals through power of the suggestion.


REMOTE VIEWING (RV) - Ability to access distant or shielded information primarily of visual character, such as natural or structural features, via an unknown mental process. RV can include other sensory modes, such as feelings, motion, or sound. Some individuals associate specific approaches, or protocols, with RV. Other similar terms: remote perception, enhanced perception, extrasensory perception (ESP).


RICHARD C. HOAGLAND - Richard C. Hoagland (born April 25, 1945) is a proponent of theories on astronomical topics, as well as a number of conspiracy theories connected to the space program. His major focus is on previous advanced civilizations in the solar system, in particular on Mars and the Moon. His theories are not supported by mainstream astronomers.

Hoagland is a former space science museum curator; a former NASA consultant, and during the historic Apollo Missions to the Moon, was science advisor to Walter Cronkite and CBS News. For the last 19 years, Hoagland has been leading an outside scientific Team in a critically acclaimed independent analysis of possible intelligently-designed artifacts on Mars. In the last 4 years, he and his Team's investigations have been quietly extended to include over 30 years of previously hidden data from NASA, Soviet, and Pentagon missions to the Moon.


RODS or ROSWELL RODS - Rods, a rather new entry in the field of Cryptozoology, are creatures said to flit about in the air at such a high speed as to not be seen by the naked eye. Rods appear to be observational artifacts produced by rapidly flying animals. Practically all sightings of rods are based on video evidence, due to the propensity of video cameras to produce characteristic stroboscopic artifacts when imaging rapidly flying animals, especially insects, but also including birds. Their recent popularity seems to be a result of media exposure in television and in tabloids. Jose Escamilla, who runs the website RoswellRods.com, has appeared in numerous interviews and television "investigations".


ROSS MITCHELL - Ross Mitchell has been waking up Northern Nevada radio listeners for over twenty-one years on KOH's Reno's Morning News weekday mornings from 5:00 to 9:00am. His broadcasting career began at age 13 in Fresno, California, and continued into his college years at the University of Pacific in Stockton, where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Communications. After working as a disc jockey, news director and reporter in California, Ross moved to Reno and KOH in 1983.

In addition to hosting Reno's Morning News, Ross can be heard as the announcer for the nationally syndicated Coast to Coast AM.


ROSWELL ALIENS - See GRAYS, THE.


ROSWELL, NM - Roswell is a city in Chaves County in the southeastern quarter of the state of New Mexico, USA. As of the 2005 census estimate, the population was 45,199, making it New Mexico's fifth largest city. It is a center for irrigation farming, dairying, ranching, manufacturing, distribution, and petroleum production. It is also the home of New Mexico Military Institute, founded in 1891. Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge is located a few miles northeast of the city on the Pecos River.

In the 1930s Roswell was a site for much of Robert Goddard's early rocketry work. It is also the birthplace of actress Demi Moore, musician John Denver and Hall of Fame jockey Mike E. Smith. A Golf Hall of Famer, Nancy Lopez, was raised in Roswell (though born in California). A Hall of Famer astronaut, sixth man on the moon Edgar Mitchell, went to school in Roswell. Roger Staubach (later of the Dallas Cowboys) played football at NMMI, and Lewis Lloyd (later of the Houston Rockets) played basketball there. The professional baseball record for home runs in a season, 72, was set in 1954 by Joe Bauman of the Roswell Rockets, who took up permanent residence there (the record was broken in 2001 by Barry Bonds).

Roswell is most popularly known for having its name attached to what is now called the 1947 Roswell UFO incident, even though the actual crash site was about 75 miles from Roswell, and in fact closer to the town of Corona. However, the investigation and debris recovery was handled by the local Roswell Army Air Field, and it was near Roswell that filmmaker Ray Santilli said he shot his film of an alien autopsy which he later admitted was a hoax.


ROSWELL INCIDENT - The Roswell UFO incident was the purported recovery of at least one unidentified flying object (UFO) and its alien occupants, near Roswell, New Mexico in 1947. Many UFO researchers believe an alien craft crashed at Roswell and that the United States military sought to cover-up the craft's recovery. The military maintains that what was recovered was a top-secret research balloon that had crashed. The incident has become the subject of intense speculation and research over several decades, and has evolved into a widely-recognized and referenced pop culture phenomenon. Today, "Roswell" is synonymous with "UFO," and likely ranks as the most famous alleged UFO incident. There are widely divergent viewpoints on what actually happened, and passionate debate about what evidence can be believed.

In early July 1947, the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) issued a press release stating that personnel from the field's 509th Bomb Group had recovered a crashed "flying disc" from a ranch near Roswell, sparking intense media interest. Later the same day, the Commanding General of the Eighth Air Force stated that in fact, a weather balloon had been recovered by RAAF personnel, rather than a "flying disc." A subsequent press conference was called, featuring debris said to be the crashed object that seemed to confirm the weather balloon description. The case was quickly forgotten and almost completely ignored, even by UFO researchers, for some 30 years. Then, in 1978, Stanton T. Friedman interviewed Maj. Jesse Marcel, who was involved with the original recovery of the debris in 1947. Marcel expressed his belief that the military had covered up the recovery of an alien spacecraft. His story circulated through UFO circles, including in some UFO documentaries of the time. In February 1980, The National Enquirer ran its own interview with Marcel, garnering national and worldwide attention for the Roswell incident.

Additional witnesses and reports emerged over the following years. They added significant new details, including claims of a large military operation dedicated to recovering alien craft and aliens themselves, as many as 11 crash sites, and alleged witness intimidation. In 1989, former mortician Glenn Dennis put forth a detailed personal account, wherein he claimed that alien autopsies were carried out at the Roswell base.

In response to these reports, and after congressional inquiries, the General Accounting Office launched an inquiry and directed the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force to conduct an internal investigation. The result was two reports. The first one, released in 1995, concluded that the material reported recovered in 1947 was likely debris from a secret government program called Project Mogul. The second report, released in 1997, addressed the reports of aliens and concluded these reports were likely transformed memories of the recovery of anthropomorphic dummies in programs like Project High Dive, conducted in the 1950s. The psychological effects of time compression and confusion about when events occurred explained the discrepancy with the years in question. These reports were dismissed by UFO proponents as being either disinformation or simply implausible, though significant numbers of UFO researchers discount the probability that any alien craft was in fact involved.


SASQUATCH - See Bigfoot.


SCRYING - A term used to cover a wide range of divination techniques which parapsychology would tend to classify as types of ESP. Most scrying techniques involve some degree of fixation on a surface with a clear optical depth (e.g. a crystal ball, a pool of ink or deep water) or on an area which shows random patterns (e.g. flames in a fire, smoke), the idea being that subconscious information available to the scrying will be manifested in their interpretation of the imagery or random patterns they see. Techniques using a clear optical depth are actually very similar to the idea behind the homogenous visual field used in Ganzfeld ESP research.


SHADOW-ANIMAL - Similar to a SHADOW-PERSON, but taking on the shape and/or characteristics of an animal. George Noory has reported seeing "shadow rodents" in his St. Louis broadcast facility (i.e. the 'cave').


SHADOW-PERSON or SHADOW-PEOPLE - (also known as shadow men or shadow beings) are a supernatural phenomenon in which observers report seeing a dark form at the edge of their field of vision, that disintegrates or move a wall when noticed, usually within a split second.

Reports of Shadow People are similar to purported ghost sightings, but differ in that Shadow People are not reported as having human features, wearing modern/period clothing, or attempting to communicate. Witnesses also do not report the same feelings of being in the presence of something that 'was once human'.

Some individuals have described being menaced, chased, or (more rarely) attacked by shadow people, there have also been reports of Shadow People appearing in front of witnesses, or lingering for several seconds before disappearing.


SHEW STONE - See Crystal Ball.


SKINWALKER - A Skin-walker (also known as a Yenadlooshi) is a medicine person with a supernatural talent to turn into a certain creature. References to such powers can be found in numerous cultures' lores all over the world, closely related to beliefs in werewolves and other "were" creatures. The Mohawk Indian word "limikkin" is sometimes used to describe all skin-walkers.


SKINWALKER RANCH - in the Uintah Basin of Utah was the site of a long running series of alleged paranormal phenomena. The Sherman family (also named the Gorman family in some news articles) bought the ranch, from absent owners, in the Fall of 1994. However, after experiencing what they believed to be paranormal activity, and citing personal stress, the family tried to sell the ranch in 1996. News of the alleged phenomena was picked up by some regional press outlets shortly afterward.

The National Institute for Discovery Science (NIDS), having read media reports, purchased the ranch from the family for, it is claimed, $200,000. Sporadic investigations by NIDS started at the ranch shortly thereafter. The ranch emerged in the press again in 2002, when NIDS allowed George Knapp, a reporter for the Las Vegas Mercury, access to the ranch. In December 2005, NIDS researcher Colm Kelleher and journalist George Knapp wrote a book outlining their take on the NIDS investigation.


SOUNDS OF HELL -


SPONTANEOUS HUMAN CUMBUSTION -


SPONANEOUS INVOLUNTARY HUMAN INVISIBILITY -


STEADY STATE -


STREAMLINK -


SUBLIMINAL PERCEPTION - Sensory impressions below the threshold of conscious awareness.


SYNCHRONICITY - Meaningful coincidences that often are mediated by subconscious psi activity. Our intuitive/psi faculty nudges our paths into meaningful intersections in times of need.


TELEKINESIS , PSYCHOKINESIS, LEVITATION - To move an object or your body without physical means.


TELEPATHY - To know what others are thinking as if to hear thoughts in your head. Thought transference including the sending and receiving of thoughts.


TERRAFIRM - To be connected with the planet Earth as if it were a part of you.


TIME TRAVEL - To project your physical or etheric body into a past or future time.


TONE HEALING - Your tone of voice affects others by disturbing, catalyzing, soothing, lulling, inspiring and quite often healing them.


TOUCH HEALING - To impart through your hands soothing and healing vibrations of energy.


TRANSMEDIUMSHIP, TRANSCHANNELING - To have severe personality shifts.


UFO PHIL - Phil Hill, better known as UFO Phil, has gained moderate fame and a cult-following as a novelty songwriter and purveyor of short, comedic internet videos. He is also a regular on the nationally syndicated radio program Coast to Coast AM with George Noory, appearing frequently as a guest and contributor. In addition, UFO Phil is the writer/singer of the song "Listening to Coast to Coast", which is often heard at the end of the program. He is a recurring guest on The Hideout and The Ron and Fez Show, both formerly based in Washington D.C.. He also makes appearances on other radio shows throughout the United States and other countries. UFO Phil's song "Aliens Really Stink" was a novelty hit on the Dr. Demento Show and was featured on the CD "Dr. Demento's Basement Tapes Number 14". This song was recorded during a live coffee shop appearance in downtown Roswell.


UFOLOGY - Ufology is the study of unidentified flying object (UFO) reports, sightings, alleged physical evidence, and other related phenomena.


UNIDENTIFIED FLYING HUMANOID or (UFH) -


UNIDENTIFIED FLYING OBJECT or (UFO) - A UFO or Unidentified Flying Object is any real or apparent flying object which cannot be identified by the observer and which remains unidentified after investigation.

Sightings of unusual aerial phenomena date back to ancient times, but reports of UFO sightings started becoming more common after the first widely publicized U.S. sighting in 1947. Many ten's of thousands of such claimed observations have since been reported worldwide.

In popular culture throughout the world, UFO is commonly used to refer to any hypothetical alien spacecraft but the term flying saucer is also regularly used. Once a UFO is identified as a known object (for example an aircraft or weather balloon), it ceases to be a UFO and becomes an identified object. In such cases it is inaccurate to continue to use the acronym UFO to describe the object.


UNIDENTIFIED MYSTERIOUS ANIMAL or (UMA) - See Cryptids.


VAMPIRE or VAMPIRISM - mythological or folkloric creatures, typically held to be the re-animated corpses of human beings and said to subsist on human and/or animal blood (hematophagy). They are also the frequent subject of cinema and fiction, albeit fictional vampires have acquired a set of traits distinct from those of folkloric vampires (see Traits of vampires in fiction). In folklore, the term usually refers to the blood-sucking undead of Eastern European legends, but it is often extended to cover similar legendary creatures in other regions and cultures. Vampire characteristics vary widely between different traditions. Some cultures have stories of non-human vampires, such as animals like bats, dogs, and spiders.


WALK-IN - A person whose consciousness has been replaced by another spirit.


WATERTOWN STRIP - See AREA 51.


WEREWOLF - A werewolf (also lycanthrope or wolfman) in folklore and mythology is a person who shapeshifts into a wolf, either purposely, by using magic, or after being placed under a curse. The medieval chronicler Gervase of Tilbury associated the transformation with the appearance of the full moon, but this concept was rarely associated with the werewolf until the idea was picked up by modern fiction writers. Most modern fiction agrees that a werewolf can be killed if shot by a silver bullet, although this was not a feature of folk legends. Werewolves are sometimes held to become vampires after death.


WHITLEY STRIEBER -


WOLFMAN or WOLFMEN - See WEREWOLF.


YENADLOOSHI - See SKINWALKER.


YETI - See ABOMINABLE SNOWMAN.


ZETA RETICULII -


ZETAS - See GRAYS, THE.


This glossary is an open project. Please feel free to contribute!

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