Brief Overview

Constructivism is one of three theories of knowledge, which include positivism, constructivism and critical theory.

Formal Definition

Constructivism is a theory of learning in which it is postulated that knowledge is constructed by the learner.

Detailed Description

Constructivism described by Dewey, Piaget and Vigotsky.

In constructivist epistemology, people construct an understanding of the world by reflecting on their experiences. Rules and models are generated by individuals to make experiences meaningful. There is no single reality or "truth". Reality is constructed through social and cultural frames. Knowledge is not independent, but always intertwined with the meaning attributed by the learner.

Implications for teaching and learning: - Focus is on the learner, not the teacher - Teachers provide learners with the ability to construct their own reality and knowledge - Educational methods valued - experiential learning, reflection, conversation/interaction - Curriculum is customized based on learner's prior knowledge and experiences - Teaching focuses on analysis and interpretation - Use of self-evaluation

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