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Abo-Khatwa, A. N., A. A. Al-Robia, and D. A. Jawhari. 1996. Isolation and identification of usnic acid and atranorin from some Saudi Arabian lichens. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 15 : 15 - 28.

Airaksinen, M. M., P. Peura, L. Ala-Fossi-Salokangas, S. Antere, J. Lukkarinen, M. Saikkonen, and F. StenbŠck. 1986. Toxicity of plant material used as emergency food during famines in Finland. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 18: 273-296.

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Chamberlain, L. S. 1901. Plants used by the Indians of eastern North America. The American Naturalist 35: 1-10.

Chandra, S., and A. Singh. 1971. A lichen crude drug (chharila) from India. Journal of Research in Indian Medicine 6: 209-215.

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Gilmore, M. R. 1912. Uses of plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. pp. 43–154 in: Thirty-Third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Government Printing Office: Washington.

González-Tejero, M. R., M. J. Martínez-Lirola, M. Casares-Porcel, and J. Molero-Mesa. 1995. Three lichens used in popular medicine in Eastern Andalucia (Spain). Economic Botany, 49(1): 96-98.

Grinell, G. B. 1905. Some Cheyenne plant medicines. American Anthropologist (New Series), 7: 37-43.

Handa, S. S., A. S. Chawla, and A. K. Sharma. 1992. Plants with anti-inflammatory activity. Fitoterapia Vol. LXIII, No. 1. Cited in Abo-Khatwa et al. (1996).

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Hawkes, E. W. 1913. The 'Inviting-In' feast of the Alaskan Eskimo. Memoirs, Canada Department of Mines, Geographical Survey, Memoir 45. Ottawa. Cited in: Oswalt (1957).

Hellbom, P. J. 1884 (could be 1886). Page 72 in Norrlands Lafvar. K. Svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl. XX. n. 8, 131 pp. Cited on: Page 47 in Waino, E. A. 1887. Monographia Cladoniarum universalis. Helsingfors. Part I. (Part II published in 1894, part III in 1897). Cited in Smith (1921).

Hellson, J. C., and M. Gadd. 1974. Ethnobotany of the Blackfoot Indians. National Museum of Man Mercury Series, Canadian Ethnology Service, 19:1-138.

Henneguy, Félix. 1883. Les Lichens Utiles. Paris, 114 pp. (20 figs.). Cited in Smith (1921).

Herrera, F. L. 1941. Sinopsis de la flora del Cuzco. Vol. 1. Parte sistemática. Lima. Cited in: Antúnez de Mayolo (1989).

Hesse, O. 1916. Lichens and their characteristic constituents. XIV. Use of lichens as provisions and fodder. Journal Fur Praktische Chemie 93: 254-270. Cited in: Perez-Llano (1944).

Hobbs, C. 1986. Usnea: The Herbal Antibiotic. Capitola, CA: Botanica Press. Cited online at <http://www.drgenie.com/Naturaopathic/mainnaturopathy.htm>.

Holloway, P. S., and G. Alexander. 1990. Ethnobotany of the Fort Yukon Region, Alaska. Economic Botany, 44: 214-225.

Ingolfsdottir, K. et al. 1997. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to protolichesterinic acid from the lichen Cetraria islandica. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 41(1): 215-217. Cited online at <http://www.drgenie.com/Naturaopathic/mainnaturopathy.htm>.

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies: Panel on Macronutrients, Panel on the Definition of Dietary Fiber, Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients, Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes, and the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. 2002. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrates, Fiber, Fat, Protein and Amino Acids. 936 pp. National Academy Press: Washington, D. C. Available online at: <http://www.nap.edu/books/0309085373/html/>.

Johnston, A. 1970. Blackfoot Indian utilization of the northwestern Great Plains. Economic Botany, 24: 301-323.

Johnson, A. 1982. Plants and the Blackfoot. Provincial Museum of Alberta, Natural History Occasional Paper No. 4. Pp. 106.

Kauppi, M. 1979. The exploitation of Cladonia stellaris in Finland. Lichenologist 11(1): 85-89.

Kawagoe, S. 1925. The market fungi of Japan. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 10: 201-206.

Kempe, C., H. Gruning, N. Stasche, and K. Hormann. 1997. [Icelandic moss lozenges in the prevention or treatment of oral mucosa irritation and dried out throat mucosa] [In German]. Laryngorhinootologie 76(3): 186-188. Cited online at <http://www.drgenie.com/Naturaopathic/mainnaturopathy.htm>.

Kok, A. 1966. A short history of orchil dyes. Lichenologist 3: 248-272.

Kuhnlein, H. V., and N. J. Turner. 1991. Traditional plant foods of Canadian Indigenous Peoples. Anthropology in Food and Nutrition, Vol. 8. Solomon Katz (editor). Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, Philadelphia. Cited in: Turner and Davis (1993).

Kupchan, S. M., and H. L. Kopperman. 1975. L-Usnic acid: Tumor inhibitor isolated from lichens. Experientia 31: 625-626. Cited in Abo-Khatwa et al. (1996).

Lagasca, M. 1803. Noticia sobre el descubrimiento del liquen islándico en el Puerto de Pajares. Gaceta de Madrid. 29 de Julio de 1803. Cited in: González-Tejero et al (1995).

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Lal, B., and D. K. Upreti. 1995. Ethnobotanical notes on three Indian lichens. Lichenologist 27(1): 77-79.

Lange, O. L. 1957. Die Flechte Parmelia paraguariensis als Handelsware in Südlichen Sahara. Nat. Volk 87: 266-273.

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Léorier. 1825. Rapport fait á la Société Linnéenne sur le procédé de M. Roy de Tonnerre pour retirer de l'alcool des Lichens. Soc. Linn. Paris, IV. pp. 219–225. Cited in: Smith (1921).

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