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Geog597.01:Greater Middle East Outline

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Greater Middle East

General Characteristics
-Rapid rates of urban population growth
-Fairly high levels of urbanization for LDCs
-Great variation from country to country within the region
Culture Hearths -Mesopotamia - Present-day Iraq
-Nile River Valley - Present-day Egypt
Some Major Influences
-Greeks and Romans
-Islam
-Mohammed lived 571-632 C.E.
-founded Islam in early 600s C.E.
-was a unifying influence in the region
-Ottoman Empire
-Islamic, Turkish empire centered in Istanbul
-powerful in 1500s
-began to lose power in 1700s, severe loss of power in 1800s
-official ending of the Empire came with World War I.
-Europeans
-As the Ottoman Empire crumbled, Europeans gained control of former Ottoman holdings
Classic N. African/Middle Eastern City
(see article Middle Eastern city structures)

Modern Era

-Dual Cities
-Impact of oil
-Primate Cities

Problems -overcrowding
-large gap between rich and poor within countries
-uneven development between countries within the region
-political instability
-religious fundamentalism
-Israel

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