Geog597.01:South Asia Outline

219,527pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Discuss this page0 Share

South Asia

General Urban Characteristics:
-Low level of urbanization
-High rate of urban population growth
-Many of the world's largest cities
Historical Influences

Indus Civilization (2500-1500 B .C.E.)
-Mohenjo Daro

Aryan Influence (began 1500 B.C.E.)
-Sanskrit languages
-Caste System:

main divisions of the caste system (varnas):
-Brahmins (priests, scholars)
-Kashatryas (warriors, rulers,)
-Vaisyas (merchants, farmers)
-Sudras (manual laborers, servants)

below the other castes:
-Untouchables (also known as Harijans or Dalits)
-jatis (subcastes)
-"spiritual pollution"

-three major concepts:
-Reincarnation (to ultimately reach Moksha)

Ganges Plain Mauryan Empire (300s -100s B.C.E.) -emperor Asoka ruled in 200s B.C.E.
Pathalpiputra (Pataliputra)-in same location as today's Patna (see textbook, p.335 for description of city form)

-southern part of India
-languages NOT derived from Sanskrit
-Madurai (see p. 335 in textbook and picture on p. 336)

Muslim Influence
-first significant Muslim influence came in 1000s C.E.
-Moghul dynasty (1526 -1707)
-Shahjahanabad (Delhi)
-mixture of Muslim and Hindu elements (see text pp, 335-338)
-Taj Mahal in Agra

European Influence
-1500s, British, French, Dutch, and Portuguese all tried to establish trading centers
-1600s, British gained dominance and squeezed out the others

British East India Company (1757 -1857)
-British merchants controlled trade between Europe and S.E. Asia via South Asia -plantations were established
-India was:
-exporter of raw materials-
-importer of finisheed products
-Sepoy Rebellion (1857)
India's Rebel - lasted only a year

-Official British Colony (1857 -1947)
-Presidency Towns:
-Calcutta (now Kolkata)
-Madras (now Chennai)
-Bombay (now Mumbai)
-Dual Cities
-example: Delhi/New Delhi

-Independence (1947)
-Partition of the colongy
-India (Mostly Hindus)
-Pakistan (divided into West Pak. and East Pak.) Mostly Muslims
-Sri Lanka (Buddhists)

-East Pak. broke away from West Pak. in 1971 and became Bangladesh - Islam (Muslim)


-accelerating economic growth
-growing middle class
-high-tech centers:
-Bangalor (Silicon Plateau) Economy can't keep up with rapid pop. growth


-positive gains are overshadowed by rapid population growth
(still enormous poverty)


-Sinhalese (Buddhists) more political power
-Tamils (Hundus) -> Some want to form own country (North Sri Lanka). Others want more recognition.

Ad blocker interference detected!

Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Also on Fandom

Random wikia