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General Urban Characteristics:
.Before 100 B.C.E., no true urban centers
-After 100 B.C.E., first cities developed.
-Most of this city development was a result of outside influences:
1. Coastal market city
-example: Vyadhapura (100 C.E.), located in the Mekong delta
2. Inland sacred city
-example: Angkor (800s C.E.), located in present-day Cambodia
Key word: "entrepot" European Influence
Batavia (present-day Jakarta) -British
Expansion to Burma (Myanmar)
Expansion to Northern Borneo
-Siam (Thailand) remained uncolonized
Key word: "buffer state"
Independence came after World War II
Further political changes:
-coastal growth, interior decline
-rural to urban migration
-Chinese in Southeast Asia