Independent National Community of St. Ives

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This fictional nation is a creation of Newmarduk.

The Independent National Community of St. Ives is an independent nation in the eastern Pacific Ocean about 45 miles off the coast of California. It is composed of several islands which have a combined 1,224 square miles in area. The St. Ives economy is based upon the mining of gold and silver as well as the growing of grapes, which help contribute to local, thriving industires that manufacture wine, grape juice, and grape-flavored soft drinks.

The St. Ives island chain was first claimed by Spain around 1550, but the islands were seized by England in 1634, and remained in English/British hands until the granting of independence in 1987. During the 19th Century, Great Britain was under pressure from the United States to turn over the St. Ives island chain to U.S. or joint British-American control, but the Brits refused.

Responsible local democratic government was inaugurated 1899 when the British Parliament voted to grant St. Ives an elected St. Ives Assembly which had the power to check the authority of the local governor-general, who was appointed by the British monarch on the advise of that country's Prime Minister. The Assembly was first elected in 1900, and has since been elected for six-year terms. The Assembly also had it's number of seats fixed at 50 since 1900.

Organized political parties soon followed: the St.Ives Citizens Party, a nationalist pro-independence group in 1900; the pro-British Unionist Party in 1901, and the Social Democratic Labor Party, a semi-socialist and pro-independence group in 1905. (see political parties in St. Ives)

Political reforms passed in 1909 and 1913 granted the St. Ives Assembly the right to appoint ministers to assist the governor-general in exercising executive power and created the St. Ives Senate, a body partly appointed by the governor-general and partly elected by the St. Ives Assembly with the power to veto bills passed by the Assembly and to appoint judges. Senators, numbering 26 and with 13 selected by the governor-general and 13 by the St. Ives Assembly, were first selected in 1913, and have always served 12-year terms of office. From 1909 to 1918, a Citizens Party-Social Democratic Labor coalition governed the St. Ives islands, and passed into law health-care coverage, collective bargaining for labor unions, a minimum wage, a progressive income tax, and workplace safety regulations. The ruling coalition also passed non-binding resolutions in the Assembly calling for St. Ives independence several times.

In 1918 elections, the Unionist Party gained seats in the St. Ives Assembly while the Social Democratic Laborites declined. The Unionists formed a coalition with the Citizens Party which lasted until 1930. This government promoted a more pro-business policy with lower taxes and limited on public spending. The worldwide great depression caused the Social Democratic Labor Party to win a absolute majority of 42 out of 50 seats in the St. Ives Assembly in the 1930 Assembly balloting. The big surprise was that the local Communist Party had won four Assembly seats (considering that communism was considered only a fringe movement in the St. Ives islands). The new government tried to place under government ownership the local mining industry and grant workers a greater say in all business enterprises with five or more employees (via elected worker delegates), but was vetoed by the moderate and conservative majority in the St. Ives Senate. But by 1937, the Social Democratic Laborites had gained a Senate majority and was able to pass it's reforms. During World War II, St. Ives was granted more constitutional reforms by a British Parliamentary act of 1942, which made all Senate members elected by the St. Ives Assembly (beginning in 1949), reduced the governor-general to a ceremonial figurehead except in a veto power usable cases of defense, foreign affairs, and the relationship with Britain. and granted St. Ives it's first Prime Minister in 1943, Davis Randolph, leader of the Social Democratic Labor Party since 1929. Meanwhile, the Unionist Party developed a more left-of-center stance on dmoestic issues while maintaining it's traditional stance in favor of ties to Britain. The St. Ives Citizens Party still retained it's pro-independence stance while becoming more conservative on other issues. The local Communist Party became a force to reckon with as it always won a handful (three to seven out of 50 Assembly seats) in the St. Ives Assembly until 1960. The Social Democratic Laborites retained office in St. Ives under Davis Randolph and from 1951 to 1960 under Prime Minister John Steely. After the 1954 election to the St. Ives Assembly, the Social Democratic Laborites under Steely lost their majority and were forced to form a coalition government with the Unionist Party. The issues in the 1950s decade were the alledged threat of communism (raised by the Citizens Party and members of the United States mainland nearby, due to the Communist Party having a handful of Assembly seats), the question of independence from Britain (supported by the Citizens, Social Democratic Labor, and Communist parties but opposed by the Unionists), taxes and government spending, and contested control of St. Ives labor unions between the Social Democratic Laborites and the Communists (the former generally prevailed over the Communists). Immigration during this time changed the predominate population of St Ives as those of English and Scottish descent and belonging to Angligan and Presbyterian churchs vied with immigrants from Mexico and Central America and a growing Roman Catholic community. After 1960, the Citizens Party governed St. Ives until 1984, often in coalition with the Unionist Party (from 1960 to 1978) and under Prime Ministers Randy Hailey Jones (1960-1981) and Turner Norton (1981-1984).

The rapid decline of the Unionist Party is Assembly elections in 1978 and 1984 practically eliminated it as a serious force in St. Ives politics, stregnthened the forces that wanted independence from Britain, and pushed the island territory toward a two-party system between the Citizens Party and the Social Democratic Labor Party.

In 1983, the British Parliament passed the St. Ives Independence Act, which provided by 1987 that St. Ives would become independent as a "independent national community" and replace the office of governor-general with that of the President of the National Community, who would be a ceremonial figurehead elected every 12 years beginning in 1985 by both the Assembly and the Senate. The last governor-general, Jane Dougherty Colbert, was elected the first President in 1985.

In 1984, the Social Democratic Laborites returned to political power with Amy Anderson as it's first female Prime Minister.

In 1987, Prime Minister Anderson's government, along with the Citizens Party opposition, celebrated their island chain's new nationhood with a new constitition , the Charter of the Independent National Community of St. Ives.

The Social Democratic Laborites retained power in the 1990, 1996, and 2002 St. Ives Assembly elections, in 2002 the ruling party had only 26 Assembly seats to 24 for the Citizens Party.

Amy Anderson resigned as Prime Minister and party leader after the 2002 elections, blamed on corruption and a slowing economy. Jose Ramirez was elected Prime Minister, though the official leadership of the Social Democratic Labor Party was given to Daniel Vincent.

In 2004, President Jane Dougherty Colbert died of cancer, and Daniel Vincent was elected by the Assembly and Senate to serve as acting President of the National Community to fill out Colbert's unexpired term until 2009.

Tensions between Prime Minister Ramirez and President Vincent in 2006 caused Ramirez and four other Assembly members to defect from the Social Democratic Laborite ranks and join the Citizens Party, which returned to power for the first time since 1984.

The current population of St. Ives as of 2005 is 234,000.

The Independent National Community of St. Ives joined the United Nations in 1995.

In June 2007, St. Ives being the area for contact with parallel-universe Earths, received a visit from Transdimensional Void Runners from the Empire of the Itinerate Tree Dweller (see also Empire of the Itinerate Tree Dweller in TVR). Pretty soon, St. Ives had diplomatic relations, including an exchange of ambassadors, with the Empire of ITD. Many other nations on St. Ive's version of Earth have also had contact with representatives of the Empire of ITD.

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