Jagdgeschwader 79
Active: 1940-1945
Country: Germany
Branch: Air force
Type: Fighter aircraft
Role: Air superiority
Size: Air force wing
Notable commanders: TBA

Jagdgeschwader 79 (79th fighter wing) was a Luftwaffe fighter wing that operated between between 1940 and 1945 on the Eastern Front and in defense of the Reich.

Despite being a smaller wing, they proved to be infamous in the Crimea and Caucasus theatres.



Jagdgeschwader 79 were formed in mid-1940, when Hermann Göring orded an increase in Luftwaffe units ready for the German offensive against Russia. The unit was constructed from the new younger pilot graduates, fresh from pilot school. Sixteen pilots were gifted with the new MesserschmittBf 109F fighters.

Operation Barbarossa

When the Germans launched their attack against Russia, JG 79 where deployed in Rumania, ready to support the German armor advance through southern Russia. It was here that the wings fledgling aces began to make themselves known. ___, ___ and ___ all distinguished themselves against the inferior Russians planes, claiming many victories.

Crimean theater

In December, 1941, JG79 were deployed in crimea, outside of Sevastopol. Finaly, in June 1942, JG 79 were gifted with the new Focke-Wulf Fw 190-A4 interceptors. The squadron first flew these planes in support of the German forces besieging Sevastopol. After this, JG79 went on to support Operation Edelweiss and Operation Blue.

Loss of Crimea

In 1943 and 1944, the Soviets began their counter attacks, and pushed back the Germans. JG79 were instrumental in the defense of Crimea, participating in the resistance to Kerch-Eltigen Operation and the overall of defense of Crimea.

In May 1944, JG 9 and the rest of the German forces in Crimea withdrew back to Germany.

In defense of the Reich

JG79, now slightly undermanned, flew in defense of Rumania, operating out of Budapest. However, the sheer quantity of soviet aircraft, and the speed of their ground forces, made it difficult for JG 79 to fulfill their objectives.

In early 1945, JG 79, now only consisting of two squadrons, were given the new Focke-Wulf Ta 152H interceptors to engage the high flying Soviet Petlyakov Pe-8 bombers. However, they also were given orders to protect the vunerable Messerschmitt Me 262 fighters of Jagdgeschwader 7, which were operating out of Dresden.

JG 79's victories were few here, with little fuel and ammunition supplies.

In mid-1945, JG 79 were moved to berlin, where they partcipated in the battles of the Seelow Heights and of the Oder-Neisse.

In late April, their airfield was overrun and the few remaining pilots of JG 79 were captured.



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