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(Lä·shōn'·kä·dösh") The wrtten language of ‘Amaqor or homo sapiens enochiiens. The phonetic language consists of ninty-two phonemes comprised of twenty-two vowels and seventy consenants. Each phoneme is represented by a glyph. The Galach literal translation of Lashon’qadosh is “sacred tongue” or “sacred language”. The Second Planetary Survey discovered texts composed of the Sacred Language alphabet on the concave inner surfaces of the root stalks of Adeptii in Mishkan Celeb.

It was not until Reb Moishe ben Arri of the Institute for Galactic Linguistics – and cousin to one of the SPS team members – reviewed the Survey’s video record and recognized that the bas relief designs had linguistic properties. He saw similarities to ancient meso-american glyphs of the Maya. Ben Arri deduced that the glyphs were representations of hominid speech, although no present or archeological evidence could be found on Equinox to corroborate his hypothesis.

Glyph Structure

All of the ninty-two letters letters in the Lashon’ qadosh alphabet are based on a common template. The matrix the underlies the glyph components is comprises of five elements. The first of these forms a background and boundry for the four other elements. The four smallet elements provide a background and focus for the phonetic components of the glyph.

The frame of the glyph is called the “platform” and is proportioned to the ratio of the “Golden Mean” or 1:1.618033988749894 84820 45… . The Platform supports four compartments called “trays”. Each tray is the repository for glyph components that specify key instructions for the creation of the auditory phoneme. Key to the identification of the glyphs as written language was the largest of the four trays – the Oral Tray. Ben Arri saw in the elements of the Oral Tray a cross-section of a human mouth.

Using that assumption as a foundation, he concluded that the tray in the lower left corner of the glyph indicated the opening and closing of the mouth. The limited set of symbols found in the top middle tray caused him to conclude that they were related to the binary functions of the human pulmonary system – inhalation and exhalation. The symbols of the upper left tray he concluded were related to colorations of speech sounds created through the combined use of the components of the other three trays.

Glyph Components

The Linguistics Institute team identified thirty-one distinct components in the glyphs of the Sacred Tougne. Eight of these are found in the Stop / Plosive Tray, four in the Pulmonic Tray, nine appear in the Labial Tray, and ten in the Oral Tray. These components are distinctly ideogramatic, in that, they denote specific placements of the human speech organs or manipulations of the same.

Stop / Plosive Tray

Glyph components in this tray give definition to the colorations of speech sounds created throough the combined usage of the other glyph components of a specific phoneme as identified by their display collectively in the Oral, Labial and Pulmonic trays.

A stop or plosive is a consonant sound produced by obstructing airflow in the vocal tract by the lips or tongue.

In the case of oral stops, the airflow is blocked completely, causing pressure to build up. The obstruction in the mouth is then suddenly opened; the released airflow produces a sudden impulse in pressure causing an audible sound. The oral cavity can also be completely obstructed while allowing air to escape through the nose; this may be called a nasal stop. Usually the term "stop" is used to refer to oral stops only, with nasal stops called simply nasals. Since nasals are always continuous, not abrupt, it seems strange to call them stops, though strictly the definition of stops given above allows it.

A trill is a type of consonantal sound, which means it is produced by vibrations of the tongue against the place of articulation which may be either the lips, the hard or soft palatte. A flap or tap is a type of consonantal sound, which is produced with a single contraction of the muscles so that one articulator is thrown against another. The main difference between a flap and a stop consonant is that in a flap, there is no buildup of air pressure behind the place of articulation.

Fricative consonants are produced by air flowing through a narrow channel made by placing two articulating organs close together. Turbulent airflow produces a characteristic noise called "frication". Fricatives may be voiceless or voiced. Laterals fricatives are consonants pronounced with an occlusion made somewhere along the axis of the tongue, while air from the lungs escapes at one side or both sides of the tongue. The difference between a fricative and an approximant id the size of the constricted airway. Approximants have wider air poassages than fricatives with lateral approximants having those wider airways to one or both sides of the toungue.

Oral Tray

The eight glyph components in the Oral Tray are composed of three elements that represent the maxilla or upper jaw, the tongue, and the mandible or lower jaw in cross-section. These eight components graphically demonstrate the lingual placement in relation to the teeth, the alveolar ridge, the hard palate, the soft palate and the uvula.

The neutral position for the tongue is a relaxed position centered in the mouth and surrounded by the teeth of the mandible.

Alveolar placements are articulated with the tip of the tongue against the alveolar ridge, the internal side of the upper gums (known as the alveoles of the upper teeth). Postalveolar (or palato-alveolar) consonants are consonants articulated with the tip of the tongue between the alveolar ridge (the place of articulation for alveolar consonants) and the palate (the place of articulation for palatal consonants). Palatal placements are articulated with the middle or back part of the tongue raised against the hard palate (the middle part of the roof of the mouth).

Consonants with other primary articulations may be palatalised, that is, accompanied by the raising of the tongue surface towards the hard palate. For example, Lashon’qadosh [S] (Galach spelling – sh) has such a palatal component, although its primary articulation involves the tip of the tongue and the upper gum (this type of articulation is called palatoalveolar.

Retroflex placements are articulated with the tip of the tongue curled up and back so the bottom of the tip touches the roof of the mouth. Retroflex consonants are common in the Indo-Aryan languages and the Dravidian languages. Velar placements are articulated with the back part of the tongue (the dorsum) against the soft palate (the back part of the roof of the mouth, known also as the velum). Uvular consonants are articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is further back in the mouth than velar placements are. In Galach and most other languages, uvular consonants are either stops or fricatives, but Lashon’qadosh also uses them as nasals, trills, and approximants.

Labial Tray

Labials are consonants articulated with both lips known as bilabial articulation or with the lower lip and the upper teeth which is also know as labio-dental articulation. The Galach [m] is a bilabial nasal. The Galach [p] and [b] are bilabial stops. In contrast, the Galach [f] and [v] are labio-dental fricatives. Bilabial fricatives or approximants are less common but do occur in many languages including Lashon’qadosh; for example, the ancient Spanish consonant spelt b or v is pronounced as a voiced bilabial approximant between vowels.

Lip rounding, or labialisation can also accompany other articulations. The Sacred Tongue also has labiovelar phonemes, including the approximant [w] and others given symbols like [kw] etc. In these the articulation is accompanied by rounding of the lips.

Pulmonic Tray

Pulmonic sounds are sounds in which the air stream originates in the lungs. The pulmonic tray has four components. One symbol denotes phonemes where the air stream originates in the lungs. The non-pulmonic symbol designates phonemes where there is either no air stream or the air stream originates in the throat or the oral cavity.

The ingressive and egressive symbols are closely related to Clicks. Clicks are stops produced with two articulatory closures in the oral cavity. The pocket of air enclosed between the two closures is rarefied by a "sucking" action of the tongue. The release of the more forward closure produces a loud and extremely salient noise. This so-called velaric air stream mechanism is always ingressive (the air is sucked in) and can only be used for stops and affricates. The Galach sound spelled “k” is an example of an egressive air stream.

Alphabetic Structure

The Lashon’qadosh alphabet is composed of ninety-two glyphs or letters. These are further clasified into vowels and consonents which are, in turn, further subdivided in to basic vowels and copnsonents, and complex vowels and consenents.

Basic vowels and consonents are those phonemes of the Sacred Tongue which can be most easily mapped against customnery Galach phonemes. The Lashon’qadosh alphabet contains ten basic vowels and twenty basic consonents.

Complex vowels and consonents are those phonenes in Lashon’qadosh which bear the greatest resembelance to ancient Terran tribal languages requiring precise lingual and labial articulations. The Sacred Tongue has twelve complex vowels and thirty complex consonents.

The folowing tables were prepared by the Institue for Galactic Linguistics. They contain the basic vowels and consonents of Lashon’qadosh mapped against the Interstellar Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and give Galach key words to guide effective articulation of the Sacred Language phonemes.

Basic Vowels

IPA - Interstellar Phonetics Alphabet - Pronunciation Guide for Lashon’qadosh

IPA Symbol	Galach Key Word	IPA transcription	Lashon’qadosh Symbol

i tree tri ɛ bet bɛt a car, far kar ɔ dog dƆg u boot, hoot but, hut æ cat cæt e insect Insekt o home hom ʊ book bʊk I in In

Basic Consonants

IPA - Interstellar Phonetics Alphabet - Pronunciation Guide for Lashon’qadosh IPA Symbol English Key Word IPA transcription Lashon’qadosh Symbol

p pin pIn b boo bu t tree tri d dog dƆg k cat kæt kw quick kwIk g get gɛt ʧ chin ʧIn ʦ tsee-tsee (fly) tsi tsi ʤ judge ʤʊʤ

Basic Consonants

IPA - Interstellar Phonetics Alphabet - Pronunciation Guide for Lashon’qadosh IPA Symbol English Key Word IPA transcription Lashon’qadosh Symbol

f far far v vamp væmp s sick sIk m moon mun n moon mun ŋ sing sIŋ l leg lɛg r red rɛd rr red rɛd y yes yɛs

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