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MARC 21 Codes

008: Information codes

type of date/publication status – select from drop-down menu

date 1 & date 2 (where there is a reprint or an open-ended date eg. serial publication) – fill in as applicable

place of publication – select country from drop-down menu

form of item – select, if applicable, from drop-down menu

government or conference publication - select, if applicable, from drop-down menu

language – select from drop-down menu


Key for field information:

(TM) TalisMARC

(M21) MARC21

(NR) = (sub)/field is not repeatable

(R) = (sub)/field is repeatable

# = used to indicate a blank space within the indicators

^ = used to indicate space within a subfield


020: ISBN (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - ISBN number (NR)

eg. ‡a0754093441

022: ISSN (R)

1st I: # - No level specified

0- Continuing resource of international interest

1 - Continuing resource not of international interest

2nd I: #

Subfield codes: a - ISSN number (NR)

eg. ‡a1460-4094

100: personal name (NR)

‡aSurname,^forename,‡ddate.

1st I:

0 – forename: the name is a forename or is a name consisting of words, initials, letters, etc.

1 – surname: the name is a single or multiple surname

3 - Family name: the name represents a family, clan, dynasty, house, or other such group

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a – surname, followed by forename, or forename only (NR)

c - titles associated with a name (R)

d – dates associated with the name (date of birth, death etc.)(NR)

q – spelled-out version of the name (NR)


Example 1

TM

100 1 0 *aMurray*hLes A.*kLeslie Alan*c1938-

M21

100 1 # ‡aMurray,^Les A.‡q(Leslie Alan),‡d1938-


Example 2

TM

100 3 0 *aGuinness*lFamily

M21

100 3 # ‡aGuinness Family.


Example 3

TM

100 1 0 *aFitzwilliam*hHenry*c1882-1947

M21

100 1 # ‡aFitzwilliam,^Henry,‡d1882-1947.


Example 4

TM

100 1 0 *aDarwin*eSir*hCharles Galton*c1887-

M21

100 1 # ‡aDarwin,^Charles Galton,‡cSir,‡d1887-


Example 5

TM

100 1 0 *aPasto*hDaniel J.*c1936-

M21

100 1 # ‡aPasto, Daniel J.,‡d1936-

110: corporate name (NR)

1st I:

0 - inverted name - a personal name in inverted order

1 – government name

2 – company name

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a– government or corporate name (NR)

b – subordinate unit (R)


  • Examples

TM 110 1 0 *aIreland*cDepartment of the Environment

M21 110 1 # ‡aIreland.‡bDepartment of the Environment.

TM 110 2 1 *aUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison*cMathematics Research Center

M21 110 2 # ‡aUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison.‡bMathematics Research Center.

TM

110 1 0 *aDublin (Ireland: City)*cCity Council

M21

110 1 # ‡aDublin (Ireland^:^City).‡bCity Council.

111: conference name (NR)

1st I:

0 - inverted name – a personal name in inverted order

1 – jurisdiction/geographic name

2 - name in direct order

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - meeting name or jurisdiction name as entry element (NR)

n - number of meeting (R)

d - date of meeting (NR)

c - location of meeting (NR)



  • Examples

TM 111 0 0 *aNotre Dame Conference on Population*i5th*k1966*jNotre Dame

M21

111 2 # ‡aNotre Dame Conference on Population‡n(5th^:‡d1966^:‡cNotre Dame)

130: uniform title (main) (NR)

1st I: non-filing characters

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a – uniform title (NR)

l – language of translation (NR)


  • Examples


TM 240 3 0 *aKing Henry*rEnglish

M21 130 0 # ‡aKing Henry.‡lEnglish

240: uniform title (not main) (NR)

Note: practice to use 240 for collective titles also (formerly UKMARC 243)

1st I: 0 - not printed or displayed

1 - printed or displayed (preferred)

2nd I: non-filing characters

Subfield codes:

a – uniform title (NR)

l – language of translation (NR)


  • Examples

TM

240 4 0 *aRomeo and Juliet*rGerman

M21

240 1 0 ‡aRomeo and Juliet.‡lGerman


TM

243 0 0 *aWorks

M21

240 1 0 ‡aWorks

245: title and statement of responsibility (NR)

Please note:

the 245 always ends in a full-stop even where there is other punctuation present at the end of the field.


General cataloguing rule:

if there are more than 3 authors/editors etc. present, mention only the first in the 245, and give the first named a 700 entry, rather than a 100 entry.


1st I: 0 – main entry (no main author present – this used to be indicator 3 in UKMARC)

1 – not main entry (main author – this used to be either indicator 0 or 1 in UKMARC)

2nd I: non-filing characters (use if subfield a starts with an article = number of letters + add one: the = 4)

Subfield codes:

a – title (NR)

h – medium (NR) (follows ‡a or ‡n/p if present)

b – remainder of title (NR)

c - statement of responsibility (NR) (NB:no other subfield coding is permitted after ‡c)

n – number of part (R)

p – part-title (R)


Example 1 TM 245 1 2 *aA plague of rats and rubbervines*bthe growing threat of species invasions*eYvonne Baskin

M21 245 1 2 ‡aA plague of rats and rubbervines^:‡bthe growing threat of species invasion^/‡cYvonne Baskin.


Example 2 TM 245 3 0 *aCurrent protocols in molecular biology*zelectronic resource*eedited by Fred M. Ausubel

M21 245 0 0 ‡aCurrent protocols in molecular biology‡h[electronic resource]^/‡cedited by Fred M. Ausubel.


Example 3 TM 245 1 4 *aThe Chinese Siamese cat*eAmy Tan*eforeword by Fidelma Whooley*eillustrated by Gretchen Schields

M21 245 1 4 ‡aThe Chinese Siamese cat^/‡cAmy Tan^;^foreword by Fidelma Whooley^;^illustrated by Gretchen Schields.


Example 4 TM 245 1 0 *aAll’s well that ends well*iHenry the Fifth*iMacbeth*bmodern text with introduction*eedited by A. L. Rowse

M21 245 1 0 ‡aAll’s well that ends well^;‡bHenry the Fifth^;^Macbeth^:^modern text with introduction^/‡cedited by A. L. Rowse.


Example 5 TM 245 1 0 *aEffectiveness of youth clubs in the local community*kEifeachtacht clubanna óige sa phobal*eJoint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs

M21 245 1 0 ‡aEffectiveness of youth clubs in the local community^=‡bÉifeachtacht clubanna óige sa phobal^/‡cJoint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs.


Example 6 TM 245 1 0 *aEffectiveness of youth clubs in the local community*bTyrone*kÉifeachtacht clubanna óige sa phobal: Tyrone*cJoint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs

M21 245 1 0 ‡aEffectiveness of youth clubs in the local community^:‡bTyrone^=^Éifeachtacht clubanna óige sa phobal^:^Tyrone^/‡cJoint Committee on Arts, Sport, Tourism, Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs.

246: varying form of title (R)

This field DOES NOT end in a full-stop

1st I: 1

2nd I: # - no type of title specified

0 – portion of title or part-title

1 – parallel title

2 - distinctive title

3 - other title

4 - cover title

5 - added title page title (spec. coll.)

8 - spine title


Subfield codes:

i – display text (where varying form of title is to be found) (NR)

a – title (NR)

b – remainder of title (NR)


  • Examples:

TM

245 0 0 *aAllain Provost paysagiste*kAllain Provost landscape architect

M21

245 1 0 ‡aAllain Provost paysagiste^=‡bAllain Provost landscape architect.

246 1 1 ‡aAllain Provost landscape architect

TM

245 1 0 *aIntroduction to absolute physics

745 0 0 *aAbsolute physics

M21

246 1 8 ‡aAbsolute physics

250: edition statement (NR)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - edition (NR)

b - statement of responsibility (NR)


  • Examples

TM

250 0 0 *a2nd ed.*erev. and updated*crevised by Harold Broom

M21

250 # # ‡a2nd ed.,^rev. and updated^/‡brevised by Harold Broom.

260: publication details (R)

1st I: # - no information provided

2 - intervening publisher

3 - current/latest publisher

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - place of publication (R)

b - name of publisher (R)

c - date of publication (R)


  • Examples

TM

260 0 0 *aDublin*bLiffey Press*c2007

M21

260 # # ‡aDublin^:‡bLiffey Press,‡c2007.


TM

260 0 0 *aOxford*bOxford University Press*aDublin*bGill and MacMillan*c2006

M21

260 # # ‡aOxford^:‡bOxford University Press^;‡aDublin^:‡bGill and MacMillan,‡c2006.


TM

260 0 0 *aCork*aDublin*bCollins Press*c2006

M21

260 # # ‡aCork^;‡aDublin^:‡bCollins Press,‡c2006.

300: pagination (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - pages, volumes etc. (NR)

b - ill., col. etc. (NR)

c - size (R)

e - accompanying material (NR)


  • Examples

TM

300 00 *avii, 57p.*c17cm.

M21

300 # # ‡avii, 57p.^;‡c17cm.

TM

300 0 0 *a33p.*bill.*iports.*c23cm.*l1 CD-ROM

M21

300 # # ‡a33p.^:‡bill.,^ports.^;‡c23cm.^+‡e1 CD-ROM.

TM

300 0 0 *f1*nvol.

M21

300 # # ‡a1 vol.

440: series (access point) (R)

This field DOES NOT end in a full-stop

1st I: #

2nd I: non-filing characters

Subfield codes:

a - series title (NR)

n - sub-section within (R)

p - sub-series title (R)

v - volume or number (NR)


  • Examples

TM

440 0 0 *aTheory and decision library*lSeries b, mathematical and statistical methods*vno.223

M21

440 # 0 ‡aTheory and decision library.‡nSeries b.‡pMathematical and statistical methods^;‡vno.223

490: series (non-access point) (R)

This field DOES NOT end in a full-stop

1st I:

0 - series not traced (no accompanying 840 field)

1 - series traced differently (accompanying 840 field)

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - series title (R)

v - volume no. (R)


  • Examples

TM

490 0 0 *aMathematics in science and engineering*eMathematics Society*vvol.121

M21

490 0 # ‡aMathematics in science and engineering^/^Mathematics Society^;‡vvol.121

500: general note (R)

1st. I: #

2nd. I: #

Subfield code:

a – note (NR)


Example 1

TM

503 0 0 *aPrev. pub.: 1930

M21

500 # # ‡aPrev. pub.: 1930.


Example 2

TM

504 0 0 *aIncludes index

M21

500 # # ‡aIncludes index.


Example 3

TM

508 0 0 *aAt head of title: Institute for Advanced Studies

M21

500 # # ‡aAt head of title: Institute for Advanced Studies.


Example 4

TM

514 0 0 *aSpine title

M21

500 # # ‡aSpine title.


Example 5

TM

515 0 0 *aContinues volume numbering of previous title

M21

500 # # ‡aContinues volume numbering of previous title.


Example 6

TM

525 0 0 *aAccompanied by 1 CD-ROM held inside front cover

M21

500 # # ‡aAccompanied by 1 CD-ROM held inside front cover.


Example 7

TM

528 0 0 *aPublished in association with the Department of Transport and Power

M21

500 # # ‡aPublished in association with the Department of Transport and Power.

502: dissertation note (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield code:

a - note (NR)


  • Examples

TM

502 0 0 *aM.B.A.Th.;25

M21

502 # # ‡aM.B.A.Th.;25.

504: bibliography note (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield code:

a – note (NR)


  • Example 1

TM

504 0 0 *aIncludes bibliography

M21

504 # # ‡aIncludes bibliography.


  • Example 2

TM

504 0 0 *aIncludes bibliographical references and index


M21


504 # # ‡aIncludes bibliographical references and index.

505: contents note (R)

1st I: 0

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a – note (NR)

r – statement of responsibility (R)

t – title (R)


  • Examples

TM

505 0 0 *apt. 1. Carbon -- pt. 2. Nitrogen -- pt. 3. Sulphur -- pt. 4. Metals

M21

505 0 # ‡apt. 1. Carbon -- pt. 2. Nitrogen -- pt. 3. Sulphur -- pt. 4. Metals.

TM

505 0 0 *a Hadrian the Seventh^/by Peter Luke -- Beware of the dog^/by Gabriel Arout

M21

505 0 # ‡tHadrian the Seventh^/‡rby Peter Luke -- ‡tBeware of the dog^/‡rby Gabriel Arout.

511: participant/performer note (R)

1st I: 0

2nd I: #

Subfield code;

a – note (NR)


  • Examples

TM

506 0 0 *aMiliza Korjus, soprano; Berlin State Opera Orchestra; Bruno Seidler- Winkler, conductor

M21

511 0 # ‡aMiliza Korjus, soprano; Berlin State Opera Orchestra; Bruno Seidler- Winkler, conductor.

538: mode of use (computer files) (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield code:

a - system note (NR)

  • Example

TM

542 0 0 *aVideo disc

M21

538 # # ‡aVideo disc.

546: translation note (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: #

Subfield code:

a - translation note (NR)


  • Examples

TM

546 0 0 *aText in German and French

M21

546 # # ‡aText in German and French.

600: personal name as subject (R)

1st I:

0 - forename: the name is a forename or is a name consisting of words, initials, letters, etc.

1 – surname: the name is a single or multiple surname

3 - Family name: the name represents a family, clan, dynasty, house, or other such group

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 4 (source not specified)

Subfield codes:

a - surname, followed by forename, or forename only (NR)

c - titles associated with a name (R)

d - dates associated with the name (date of birth, death etc.) (NR)

q – spelled-out version of the name (NR)

t - title of a work (NR)


  • Examples

TM

600 1 0 *aShakespeare*hWilliam*c1564-1616*tHamlet

M21

600 1 0 ‡aShakespeare,^William,‡d1564-1616.‡tHamlet.

TM

600 1 0 *aBartlett*hJohn G.*kJohn Gill*c1937-*tWin

M21

600 1 0 ‡aBartlett,^John G.‡q(John Gill),‡d1937-

610: corporate name as subject (R)

1st I:

0 - inverted name

1 – government name

2 – company name

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 4 (source not specified)

Subfield codes:

a - government or corporate name (NR)

b - subordinate unit (R)

c - location of meeting (NR)

d - date of meeting (R)

n - number of meeting (R)


  • Examples

TM

610 1 0 *aIreland*cDepartment of the Environment*i2nd*k2001*jDublin, Ireland

M21

610 1 4 ‡aIreland.‡bDepartment of the Environment‡n(2nd^:‡d2001^:‡cDublin, Ireland)

TM

610 2 0 *aFinancial Markets Group*k2005*jNew York

M21

610 2 0 ‡aFinancial Markets Group‡d(2005^:‡cNew York)

TM

610 2 0 *aOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development*jParis, France

M21

610 2 4 ‡aOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development‡c(Paris, France)

TM

610 2 0 *aInternational Society for Horticultural Science*cFruit Section*i1st*jNew Hampshire

M21

610 2 4 ‡aInternational Society for Horticultural Science.‡bFruit Section‡n(1st^:‡cNew Hampshire)

611: conference name as subject (R)

1st I:

0 - inverted name

1 – jurisdiction/geographic name

2 - name in direct order

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 4 (source not specified)


Subfield codes:

a - meeting name or jurisdiction name as entry element (NR)

c – location of meeting (NR)

d – date of meeting (NR)

n – number of meeting (R)


  • Examples

TM

611 0 0 *aConference of Librarians*i2nd*k1999*jChicago

M21

611 2 0 ‡aConference of Librarians‡n(2nd^:‡d1999^:‡cChicago)

TM

611 0 0 *aConference of Librarians*k1999*jChicago

M21

611 2 0 ‡aConference of Librarians‡d(1999^:‡cChciago)

TM

611 0 0 *aConference of Librarians*i2nd*jChicago

M21

611 2 0 ‡aConference of Librarians‡n(2nd^:‡cChicago)

630: uniform title as subject (R)

1st I: non-filing indicators

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 4 (source not specified)


Subfield codes:

a – uniform title (NR)

d – date (R)

l - language (NR)


  • Examples

TM

640 0 0 *aDead sea scrolls

M21 630 0 4 ‡aDead Sea scrolls.

650: topical subject headings (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 2 (MESH)or 4 (source not specified)

Subfield codes:

a – topical term (NR)

x – general subdivision (R)

y – chronological subdivision (R)

z – geographic subdivision (R)


  • Examples

TM

650 0 0 *aEconomics*zIreland*y20th century

M21

650 # 0 ‡aEconomics‡zIreland‡y20th century.

TM

650 0 2 *aCardiovascular Diseases

M21

650 # 2 ‡aCardiovascular Diseases.

651: geographic subject heading (R)

1st I: #

2nd I: 0 (LCSH) or 2 (MESH) or 4 (source not specified)

Subfield codes:

a – geographic name (NR)

x – general subdivision (R)

y – chronological subdivision (R)

z – geographic subdivision (R)

TM

651 0 0 *aNorthern Ireland*xSocial conditions*y1969-

M21

651 # 0 ‡aNorthern Ireland‡xSocial conditions‡y1969-

700: personal name added entry (R)

1st I:

0 – forename

1 – surname

3 – family name

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a - surname, followed by forename, or forename only (NR)

c - titles associated with a name (R)

d - dates associated with the name (date of birth, death etc.) (NR)

q – spelled-out version of the name (NR)

t – title of the work (NR)


  • Examples

TM

700 1 0 *aShakespeare*hWilliam*c1564-1616*tSelections*rGerman

M21

700 1 # ‡aShakespeare,^William,‡d1564-1616.‡tSelections.‡lGerman.

TM

700 1 0 *aHollander*hEdwin P.*kEdwin Paul*c1927-

M21

700 1 # ‡aHollander, ^Edwin P.‡q(Edwin Paul),‡d1927-

710: corporate name added entry (R)

1st I:

0 - inverted name - a personal name in inverted order

1 – government name

2 – company name

2nd I: #

Subfield codes:

a– government or corporate name (NR)

b – subordinate unit (R)

c – location of meeting (NR)

d – date of meeting (R)

n – number of meeting (R)


  • Examples

TM

710 1 0 *aDublin*eIreland*cCorporation

M21

710 1 # ‡aDublin^(Ireland).‡bCorporation.

TM

710 2 0 *aUniversity College Dublin*cSoil Science Department*cConference*i2nd*k1994*jFrankfurt

M21

710 2 # ‡aUniversity College Dublin.‡bSoil Science Department.‡bConference‡n(2nd ^:‡d1994^:‡cFrankfurt)

711: conference name added entry (R)

1st I:

0 - Inverted name

1 - Government name

2 - Name in direct order

2nd I: #


Subfield codes:

a – name of conference (NR)

c – location of conference (NR)

d – date of conference (NR)

n – number of conference (R)


  • Examples

TM

711 0 0 aConference on Social Structure, Social Mobility and Economic Development*i1st*k1964*jSan Francisco

M21

711 2 # ‡aConference on Social Structure, Social Mobility and Economic Development‡n(1st^:‡d1964^:‡cSan Francisco)

740: added title entry (analytical) (R)

1st I: non-filing characters

2nd I: #


Subfield codes:

a – title (NR)


  • Examples


TM

245 0 0 *iSnapper

M21

740 4 # ‡aThe snapper.

856: URL (R)

1st I: 4

2nd I: # - no information provided

0 - electronic resource only represented in the record

1 - record for hard copy is also been used to link to the electronic version

Subfield codes:

u – URL (R)


  • Examples

TM

856 4 0 *uhttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/mrwhome/104554769/HOME

M21

856 4 0 ‡uhttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/mrwhome/104554769/HOME

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