Some major cities and towns (localities) include:
- Arlington, VA contains the Pentagon and Marymount
- Alexandria, VA contains Old Town Alexandria FunSide, a small historic port town on the Potomac River
- Fairfax, VA is the Fairfax County Seat and contains George Mason University, a public state university
- Falls Church, VA near Seven Corners, VA(Rt 50 & Rt 7) and the western border of Arlington, VA was named after the Church on Falls Rd.
- Leesburg, VA is in the north western part of the Metro area outside the Beltway. Leesburg Pike (Route 7) is a major road going from the south in Old Town Alexandria (called King Street), Bailey's Crossroads, Falls Church (called Broad Street), Tyson's Corner to Leesbsurg.
- Manassass, VA is in Prince William County, VA containing Mannassas Battlefield.
- McLean, VA contains the Central Intelligence Agency and major shopping malls of Tyson's Corner.
- Occocuan, VA is an old town with marina bordering southern Fairfax County to eastern Prince William near Woodbridge at I-95 south of the Beltway and the Mixing Bowl at Springfield, VA.
- Rosslyn, VA is in Arlington across the Potomac River from Georgetown, DC
- Seven Corners, VA (Rt 50 & Rt 7)
- Springfield, VA is at the southern part of the beltway, also called the Mixing Bowl, as I95 & I495 intersection and mostly completed construction/renovation.
- Tyson's Corner, VA is a major upscale shopping area with Beltway consulting and tech companies.
- Woodbridge, VA is in Prince William County
The major airports on the Northern Virginia side include Reagan National Airport next to the Potomac River and Dulles International Airport to the north west. Baltimore Washington International Airport is in Maryland to the north east of Washington, DC.
Smaller area airports include military bases at Fort Belvoir, VA (Army) to the south, and Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland to the east. Municipal airports in Maryland and Virginia.
Roads and Bridges
Transportation wise, major Interstate roads connect I95 to the north Baltimore, MD and south state capital Richmond, VA include the circular Beltway (I495), and arteries north-south I395, east west I66 and the George Washington Parkway, VA along the northwest-southeast. The Wilson Bridge crosses the Potomac River with the [Beltway] at Alexandria, VA into Maryland, though construction is being performed until approximately 2009 but is including pedestrians and bicycles in the new inner span possibly to open in 2007.
Chain Bridge is the north western crossing of the Beltway into Cabin John, MD.
Some would say that traffic congestion in the Washington DC metro area rivals that of Los Angeles, California.
Public transportation includes regional Washington Metro Area Transit Authority MetroRail, MetroBus and paratransit for disabled. Bicycles are allowed on Rail off peak hours, and MetroBuses have 2 bicycle racks on the front.
County buses include:
- ART buses in Arlington, VA
- DASH buses in Alexandria, VA
- CUE buses in Fairfax City, VA
- Fairfax Connector buses in Fairfax County, VA
Alternate Transportation - Bicycling
Alternate transportation includes bicycles described well at BikeWashington.org.
Rental bicycles and Segways are available in some locations.