# Optical imaging/refs

## < Optical imaging

*219,671*pages on

this wiki

## References

Araraki L S L, V Ntziachristos, B Chance, J S Leigh, and J C Schotland (2000), "Optical diffusion tomography of the exercising human forearm" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami 374-377.

Arridge S R (1995), "Photon measurement density functions. Part I: Analytical forms" Applied Optics 34 7395-7409.

Arridge S R (1999), "Optical Tomography in Medical Imaging" Inverse Problems 15 R41-R93.

Arridge S R, M Cope, and D T Delpy (1992), "The theoretical basis for the determination of optical pathlengths in tissue: temporal and frequency analysis" Phys. Med. Biol. 37 1531-1559.

Arridge S R, H Dehghani, M Schweiger, and E Okada (2000a), "The finite element model for the propagation of light in scattering media: A direct method for domains with nonscattering regions" Med. Phys. 27(1) 252-264.

Arridge S R and J C Hebden (1997), "Optical imaging in medicine: II. Modelling and reconstruction" Phys. Med. Biol. 42(5) 841-853.

Arridge S R, J C Hebden, M Schweiger, F E W Schmidt, M E Fry, E M C Hillman, H Dehghani, and D T Delpy (2000b), "A method for 3D time-resolved optical tomography" Int. J. Imag. Sys. Tech 11 2-11.

Arridge S R and W R B Lionheart (1998), "Nonuniqueness in diffusion-based optical tomography" Opt. Lett. 23 882-884.

Arridge S R and M Schweiger (1995), "Photon measurement density functions. Part II: Finite element method calculations" Applied Optics 34 8026-8037.

Arridge S R, M Schweiger, M Hiraoka, and D T Delpy (1993), "Finite element approach for modelling photon transport in tissue" Med. Phys. 20(2) 299-309.

Aydin E D, C R E de Oliveira, and A J H Goddard (2002), "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method" Med. Phys. 29(9) 2013-2023.

Bagshaw A P, A D Liston, R H Bayford, A Tizzard, A P Gibson, A T Tidswell, M K Sparkes, H Dehghani, C D Binnie, and D S Holder (2003), "Electrical impedance tomography of human brain function using reconstruction algorithms based on the finite element method" Neuroimage 20 752-763.

Banks E, G Reeves, V Beral, D Bull, B Crossley, M Simmonds, E Hilton, S Bailey, N Barrett, P Briers, R English, A Jackson, E Kutt, J Lavelle, L Rockall, M G Wallis, M Wilson, and J Patnick (2004), "Influence of personal characteristics of individual women on sensitivity and specificity of mammography in the Million Women Study: cohort study" British Medical Journal 329 477-482.

Barbour R L, H Graber, Y Pei, S Zhong, and C H Schmitz (2001), "Optical tomographic imaging of dynamic features of dense-scattering media" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 18(12) 3018-3036.

Barbour R L, C H Schmitz, D P Klemer, Y Pei, and H L Graber (2004), "Design and initial testing of system for simultaneous bilateral dynamic optical tomographic mammography" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami WD4.

Barnett A H, J P Culver, A G Sorensen, A Dale, and D A Boas (2003), "Robust inference of baseline optical properties of the human head with three-dimensional segmentation from magnetic resonance imaging" Appl. Opt. 42(16) 3095-3108.

Bayford R H, A P Gibson, A Tizzard, T Tidswell, and D S Holder (2001), "Solving the forward problem in electrical impedance tomography for the human head using IDEAS (integrated design engineering analysis software), a finite element modelling tool" Physiol Meas. 22(1) 55-64.

Benaron D A, S R Hintz, A Villringer, D A Boas, A Kleinschmidt, J Frahm, C Hirth, H Obrig, J C van Houten, E L Kermit, W-F Cheong, and D K Stevenson (2000), "Noninvasive functional imaging of human brain using light" J. Cerebr. Blood Flow Metab. 20 469-477.

Benaron D A, D C Ho, S D Spilman, J C van Houten, and D K Stevenson (1994a), "Non-recursive linear algorithms for optical imaging in diffusive media" Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 361(215) 222- Benaron D A, D C Ho, S D Spilman, J C van Houten, and D K Stevenson (1994b), "Tomographic time-of-flight optical imaging device" Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 361(207) 214- Blarney R W, A R M Wilson, and J Patnick (2000), "Screening for breast cancer" British Medical Journal 321 689-693.

Bluestone A Y, G Abdouleav, C H Schmitz, R L Barbour, and A H Hielscher (2001), "Three- dimensional optical tomography of hemodynamics in the human head" Optics Express 9(6) 272-286.

Boas D A, A M Dale, M A Franceschini (2004a) “Diffuse optical imaging of brain activation: approaches to optimizing image sensitivity, resolution and accuracy” Neuroimage 23(1) 275-288 Boas D A, D H Brooks, E L Miller, C A DiMarzio, M Kilmer, R J Gaudette, and Zhang Q (2001a), "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography" IEEE Signal Processing Magazine 18(6) 57-75.

Boas D A, K Chen, D Grebert, and M A Franceschini (2004b), "Improving the diffuse optical imaging spatial resolution of the cerebral hemodynamic response to brain activation in humans" Optics Letters 29(13) 1506-1508.

Boas D A, J P Culver, J J Stott, and A K Dunn (2002), "Three dimensional Monte Carlo code for photon migration through complex heterogeneous media including the adult human head" Optics Express 10(3) 159-169.

Boas D A, M A O'Leary, B Chance, and A G Yodh (1994), "Scattering of diffuse photon density waves by spherical inhomogeneities within turbid media: analytic solution and applications" Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91 4887-4891.

Boas D A, T Gaudette, and S R Arridge (2001b), "Simultaneous imaging and optode calibration with diffuse optical tomography" Opt. Express 8(5) 263-270.

Boas D A, T Gaudette, G Strangman, X Cheng, J J Marota, and J B Mandeville (2001c), "The accuracy of near infrared spectroscopy and imaging during focal changes in cerebral hemodynamics" Neuroimage 13(1) 76-90.

Boppart S A (2003), "Optical coherence tomography: Technology and applications for neuroimaging" Psychophysiology 40 529-541.

Borcea L (2002), "Electrical impedance tomography" Inverse Problems 18 R99-136.

Borsic A (2002), "Regularisation methods for imaging from electrical measurements" Oxford Brookes University PhD thesis.

Bright R (1831), "Diseases of the brain and nervous system" Longman: London Vol. 2431.

Brooksby B, H Dehghani, B W Pogue, and K D Paulsen (2003), "Near infrared (NIR) tomography breast image reconstruction with a priori structural information from MRI: algorithm development for reconstructing heterogeneities" IEEE Quantum Electronics 9(2) 199-209.

Carminati R, R Elaloufi, and J-J Greffet (2004), "Beyond the diffusing-wave spectroscopy model for the temporal fluctuations of scattered light" Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21) 213904-1-213904-4.

Cerussi A E, A J Berger, F Bevilacqua, N Shah, D Jakubowski, J Butler, R F Holcombe, and B J Tromberg (2001), "Sources of absorption and scattering contrast for near infrared optical mammography" Acad. Radiol. 8 211-218.

Chance B, E Anday, Nioka S, S Zhou, L Hong, K Worden, C Li, T Murray, Y Ovetsky, D Pidikiti, and R Thomas (1998a), "A novel method for fast imaging of brain function, non-invasively, with light" Optics Express 2 411-423.

Chance B, M Cope, E Gratton, N Ramirez, and B J Tromberg (1998b), "Phase measurement of light absorption and scatter in human tissue" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69 3457-3481.

Chernomordik V, D W Hattery, A H Gandjbakhche, A Pifferi, P Taroni, A Torricelli, G Valentini, and R Cubeddu (2000), "Quantification by random walk of the optical parameters of nonlocalized abnormalities embedded within tissuelike phantoms" Opt. Lett. 25(13) 951-953.

Chernomordik V, D W Hattery, I Gannot, G Zaccanti, and A H Gandjbakhche (2002a), "Analytical calculation of the mean time spent by photons inside an absorptive inclusion embedded in a highly scattering medium" J. Biomed. Opt. 7(3) 486-492.

Chernomordik V, D W Hattery, D Grosenick, H Wabnitz, H Rinneberg, K T Moesta, P M Schlag, and A H Gandjbakhche (2002b), "Quantification of optical properties of a breast tumour using random walk theory" J. Biomed. Opt 7(1) 80-87.

Cherry S R (2004), "In vivo molecular and genomic imaging: new challenges for imaging physics" Phys. Med. Biol. 49 R13-48.

Cohen L B (1973), "Changes in neuron structure during action potential propagation and synaptic transmission" Physiological Reviews 53(2) 373-418.

Colak S B, M B van der Mark, G W Hooft, J H Hoogenraad, E S van der Linden, and F A Kuijpers (1999), "Clinical optical tomography and NIR spectroscopy for breast cancer detection" IEEE Quantum Electronics 5(4) 1143-1158.

Comtat C, P E Hinahan, J A Fessler, T Beyer, D W Townsens, M Defrise, and C Michel (2002), "Clinically feasible reconstruction of 3D whole-body PET/CT data using blurred anatomical labels" Phys. Med. Biol. 47 1-20.

Cope M (1991), "The application of near infrared spectroscopy to non invasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation in the newborn infant" University of London PhD thesis.

Corlu A, T Durduran, R Choe, M Schweiger, E M C Hillman, S R Arridge, and A G Yodh (2003), "Uniqueness and wavelength optimization in continuous-wave multispectral diffuse optical tomography" Opt. Lett. 28(23) 2339-2431.

Cubeddu R, D Comelli, C D'Andrea, P Taroni, and G Valentini (2002), "Time-resolved fluorescence imaging in biology and medicine" J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 35 R61-76.

Culver J P, R Choe, M J Holboke, L Zubkov, T Durduran, A Slemp, V Ntziachristos, B Chance, and A G Yodh (2003a), "Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography in the parallel plane transmission geometry: Evaluation of a hybrid frequency domain/continuous wave clinical system for breast imaging" Med. Phys. 30(2) 235-247.

Culver J P, T Durduran, D Furuya, C Cheung, J H Greenberg, and A G Yodh (2003b), "Diffuse optical tomography of cerebral blood flow, oxygenation and metabolism in rat during focal ischaemia" J. Cereb. Blood Flow & Metab. 23 911-924.

Culver J P, A M Siegel, J J Stott, and D A Boas (2003c), "Volumetric diffuse optical tomography of brain activity" Opt. Lett. 28(21) 2061-2063.

Curling T B (1843), "A practical treatise on the diseases of the testis and of the spermatic cord and scrotum" London: Samuel Highley 125-181.

Cutler M (1929), "Transillumination as an aid in the diagnosis of breast lesions" Surg. Gynecol. Obstet. 48 721-728.

Dagdug L, G H Weiss, and A H Gandjbakhche (2003), "Effects of anisotropic optical properties on photon migration in structured tissues" Phys. Med. Biol. 48 1361-1370.

Danen R M, Y Wang, X D Li, W S Thayer, and A G Yodh (1998), "Regional imager for low resolution functional imaging of the brain with diffusing near-infrared light" Photochem. Photobiol. 67 33-40.

Dehghani H, B Brooksby, K Vishwanath, B W Pogue, and K D Paulsen (2003a), "The effect of internal refractive index variation on near-infrared optical tomography: a finite element modelling approach" Phys. Med. Biol. 48 2713-2727.

Dehghani H, M M Doyley, B W Pogue, S Jiang, J Geng, and K D Paulsen (2004), "Breast deformation modelling for image reconstruction in near infrared optical tomography" Phys. Med. Biol. 49 1131- 1145.

Dehghani H, B W Pogue, S P Poplack, and K D Paulsen (2003b), "Multiwavelength three-dimensional near-infrared tomography of the breast: initial simulation, phantom and clinical results" Appl. Opt. 42(1) 135-145.

Dorn O (1998), "A transport-backtransport method for optical tomography" Inverse Problems 14(5) 1107-1130.

Dorn O (2002), "Shape reconstruction in scattering media with voids using a transport model and level sets" Canadian Applied Math Quarterly (CAMQ) 10(2) 239-276.

Dunsby C and P M W French (2003), "Techniques for depth-resolved imaging through turbid media including coherence gated imaging" J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 36 R207-227.

Durduran T, R Choe, Culver J P, L Zubkov, M J Holboke, J Giammarco, B Chance, and A G Yodh (2002), "Bulk optical properties of healthy female breast tissue" Phys. Med. Biol. 47 2847-2861.

Eda H, I Oda, Y Ito, Y Wada, Y Oikawa, Y Tsunazawa, M Takada, Y Tsuchiya, Y Yamashita, M Oda, A Sassaroli, Y Yamada, and M Tamura (1999), "Multichannel time-resolved optical tomographic imaging system" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70(9) 3595-3602.

Eppstein M J, D E Dougherty, D J Hawrysz, and E M Sevick-Muraca (2001), "Three-dimensional Bayesian optical image reconstruction with domain decomposition" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 20(3) 147-163.

Eppstein M J, D J Hawrysz, A Godavarty, and E M Sevick-Muraca (2002), "Three-dimensional, Bayesian image reconstruction from sparse and noisy data sets: Near-infrared fluorescence tomography" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 99(15) 9619-9624.

Evans S N and P B Stark (2002), "Inverse problems as statistics" Inverse Problems 18(4) R55-97.

Everdell N, A P Gibson, I D C Tullis, T Vaithianathan, J Hebden, and D T Delpy (2004), "A frequency multiplexed near infra-red topography system for imaging functional activation in the brain" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami WF33.

Fantini S, S A Walker, M A Franceschini, M Kaschke, P M Schlag, and K T Moesta (1998), "Assessment of the size, position and optical properties of breast tumors in vivo by noninvasive optical methods" Appl. Opt. 37(10) 1982-1989.

Fercher A F, W Drexler, C W Hitzenberger, and T Lasser (2003), "Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications" Rep. Prog. Phys 66 239-303.

Ferlay J, F Bray, P Pisani, and D M Parkin (2001), "GLOBOCAN 2000: Cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide, Version 1.0" IARC CancerBase No 5 Ferrari M, L Mottola, and V Quaresima (2004), “Principles, Techniques, and Limitations of Near Infrared Spectroscopy” Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 29(4) 463-487.

Ferwerda H A (1999), "The radiative transfer equation for scattering media with a spatially varying
refractive index" J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 1 L1-L2.

Fletcher S W and J G Elmore (2003), "Mammographic screening for breast cancer" New England Journal of Medicine 348 1672-1680.

Franceschini M A and D A Boas (2004), "Noninvasive measurement of neuronal activity with near- infrared optical imaging" Neuroimage 21 372-386.

Franceschini M A, S Fantini, J H Thompson, J P Culver, and D A Boas (2003), "Hemodynamic evoked response of the sensorimotor cortex measured noninvasively with near-infrared optical imaging" Psychophysiology 40 548-560.

Franceschini M A, K T Moesta, S Fantini, G Gaida, E Gratton, H Jess, W W Mantulin, M Seeber, P M Schlag, and M Kaschke (1997), "Frequency-domain techniques enhance optical mammography: initial clinical results" Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94 6468-6473.

Franceschini M A, V Toronov, M E Filiaci, E Gratton, and S Fantini (2000), "On-line optical imaging of the human brain with 160 ms temporal resolution" Optics Express 6(3) 49-57.

Fujimoto J G (2003), "Optical coherence tomography for ultrahigh resolution in vivo imaging" Nature Biotechnology 21(11) 1361-1367.

Gaudette R J, D H Brooks, C A DiMarzio, M Kilmer, E L Miller, T Gaudette, and D A Boas (2000), "A comparison study of linear reconstruction techniques for diffuse optical tomographic imaging of absorption coefficient" Phys. Med. Biol. 45 1051-1070.

Gibson A P, J Riley, M Schweiger, J C Hebden, S R Arridge, and D T Delpy (2003), "A method for generating patient-specific finite element meshes for head modelling" Phys. Med. Biol. 48 481-495.

Godovarty A, A B Thompson, R Roy, M Gurfinkel, M Eppstein, C Zhang, and E M Sevick-Muraca (2004), "Diagnostic imaging of breast cancer using fluorescence-enhanced optical tomography: phantom studies" J. Biomed. Opt. 9(3) 488-496.

Goertzen A L, A K Meadors, R W Silverman, and S R Cherry (2002), "Simultaneous molecular and anatomical imaging of the mouse in vivo" Phys. Med. Biol. 47 4315-4328.

Götz L, S H Heywang-Köbrunner, O Schütz, and H Siebold (1998), "Optische mammographie an praoperativen patientinnen" Akt. Radiol. 8(1) 31-33.

Graber H, Y Pei, and R L Barbour (2002), "Imaging of spatiotemporal coincident states by DC optical tomography" IEEE Trans. Medical Imaging 21(8) 852-866.

Graber H L, S Zhong, Y Pei, I Arif, J Hira, and R L Barbour (2000), "Dynamic imaging of muscle activity by optical tomography" Biomedical Topical Meetings, OSA Technical Digest (OSA, Washington DC, 2000) 407-408.

Grable R J, D P Rohler, and K L A Sastry (2004), "Optical tomography breast imaging" Proc. SPIE. 2979 197-210.

Gratton G, P M Corballis, E Cho, M Fabiani, and D C Hood (1995), "Shades of grey matter: noninvasive optical images of human brain responses during visual stimulation" Psychophysiology 32 505-509.

Gratton G and M Fabiani (2003), "The event-related optical signal (EROS) in visual cortex: Replicability, consistency, localization and resolution" Psychophysiology 40 561-571.

Gratton G, M Fabiani, P M Corballis, D C Hood, M R Goodman-Wood, J Hirsch, K Kim, D Friedman, and E Gratton (1997), "Fast and localized event-related optical signals (EROS) in the human occipital cortex: comparisons with the visual evoked potential and fMRI" Neuroimage 6 168-180.

Grosenick D, K T Moesta, H Wabnitz, J Mucke, M Möller, J Stössel, B Wassermann, R Macdonald, P M Schlag, and H Rinneberg (2004a), "Time domain optical mammography on 150 patients: hemoglobin concentration and blood oxygen saturation of breast tumours" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami ThB2.

Grosenick D, K T Moesta, H Wabnitz, J Mucke, C Stroszczynski, Macdonald R, P M Schlag, and H Rinneberg (2003), "Time-domain optical mammography: initial clinical results on detection and characterization of breast tumors" Applied Optics 42(16) 3170-3186.

Grosenick D, H Wabnitz, K T Moesta, J Mucke, M Möller, C Stroszczynski, J Stössel, B Wassermann, P M Schlag, and H Rinneberg (2004b), "Concentration and oxygen saturation of haemoglobin of 50 breast tumours determined by time-domain optical mammography" Phys. Med. Biol. 49 1165-1181.

Grosenick D, H Wabnitz, H H Rinneberg, K T Moesta, and P M Schlag (1999), "Development of a time-domain optical mammograph and first in vivo applications" Appl. Opt. 38 2927-2943.

Hampel U and R Freyer (1998), "Fast image reconstruction for optical absorption tomography in media with radially symmetric boundaries" Med. Phys. 25(1) 92-101.

Hawrysz D J and E M Sevick-Muraca (2000), "Developments towards diagnostic breast cancer imaging using near-infrared optical measurements and fluorescent contrast agents" Neoplasia 2(5) 388- 417.

Hayashi T, Y Kashio, and E Okada (2003), "Hybrid Monte Carlo-diffusion method for light propagation in tissue with a low-scattering region" Applied Optics 42(16) 2888-2896.

Hebden J C (2003), "Advances in optical imaging of the newborn infant brain" Psychophysiology 40 501-510.

Hebden J C and D T Delpy (1994), "Enhanced time resolved imaging using a diffusion model of photon transport" Opt. Lett. 19 311-313.

Hebden J C and D T Delpy (1997), "Diagnostic imaging with light" Brit. J. Radiol. 70 S206-214.

Hebden J C, J J Garcia Guerrero, V Chernomordik, and A H Gandjbakhche (2004a), "Experimental evaluation of an anisotropic scattering model of a slab geometry" Optics Letters (in press) Hebden J C, A P Gibson, T Austin, R M Yusof, N Everdell, D T Delpy, S R Arridge, J H Meek, and J S Wyatt (2004b), "Imaging changes in blood volume and oxygenation in the newborn infant brain using three-dimensional optical tomography" Phys. Med. Biol. 49(7) 1117-1130.

Hebden J C, R A Kruger, and K S Wong (1991), "Time resolved imaging through a highly scattering medium" Appl. Opt. 30 788-794.

Hebden J C, S R Arridge, and D T Delpy (1997), "Optical imaging in medicine: I. Experimental techniques" Phys. Med. Biol. 42(5) 825-840.

Hebden J C, A P Gibson, R M Yusof, N Everdell, E M Hillman, D T Delpy, T Austin, J Meek, and J S Wyatt (2002), "Three-dimensional optical tomography of the premature infant brain" Phys. Med. Biol. 47 4155-4166.

Heino J, S R Arridge, J Sikora, and E Somersalo (2003), "Anisotropic effects in highly scattering media" Phys. Rev. E 68(031908) Heino J and E Somersalo (2002), "Estimation of optical absorption in anisotropic background" Inverse Problems 18 559-573.

Hielscher A H, A D Klose, A K Scheel, B Moa-Anderson, M Backhaus, U Netz, and J Beuthan (2004), "Sagittal laser optical tomography for imaging of rheumatoid finger joints" Phys. Med. Biol. 49 1147- 1163.

Hielscher A H, A D Klose, and K M Hanson (1999), "Gradient-based iterative image reconstruction scheme for time-resolved optical tomography" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 18 262-271.

Hillman E M C, D A Boas, A M Dale, and A K Dunn (2004), "Laminar optical tomography: demonstration of millimetre-scale depth-resolved imaging in turbid media" Opt. Lett. 29(14) 1650- 1652.

Hillman E M C, J C Hebden, F E W Schmidt, S R Arridge, M Schweiger, H Dehghani, and D T Delpy (2000), "Calibration techniques and datatype extraction for time-resolved optical tomography" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(9) 3415-3427.

Hillman E M C, J C Hebden, M Schweiger, H Dehghani, F E Schmidt, D T Delpy, and S R Arridge (2001), "Time resolved optical tomography of the human forearm" Phys. Med. Biol. 46(4) 1117-1130.

Hintz S R, D A Benaron, J P v Houten, J L Duckworth, F W H Liu, S D Spilman, D K Stevenson, and W-F Cheong (1998), "Stationary headband for clinical time-of-flight optical imaging at the bedside" Photochem. Photobiol. 68 361-369.

Hintz S R, D A Benaron, A M Siegel, A Zourabian, D K Stevenson, and D A Boas (2001), "Bedside functional imaging of the premature infant brain during passive motor activation" J. Perinat. Med. 29(4) 335-343.

Hintz S R, W F Cheong, J P van Houten, D K Stevenson, and D A Benaron (1999), "Bedside imaging of intracranial hemorrhage in the neonate using light: Comparison with ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging" Pediatr. Res. 45(1) 54-59.

Hoenders B J (1997), "Existence of invisible nonscattering objects and nonradiating sources" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 14(1) 262-266.

Holboke M J, B J Tromberg, X Li, N Shah, J B Fishkin, D Kidney, J Butler, B Chance, and A G Yodh (2000), "Three-dimensional diffuse optical mammography with ultrasound localization in a human subject" J. Biomed. Opt. 5(2) 237-247.

Hoshi Y (2003), "Functional near-infrared optical imaging: utility and limitations in human brain mapping" Psychophysiology 40 511-520.

Houssami N, L Irwig, J M Simpson, M McKessar, S Blome, and J Noakes (2004), "The influence of clinical information on the accuracy of diagnostic mammography" Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 85 223-228.

Intes X, J Ripoll, Y Chen, S Nioka, A G Yodh, and B Chance (2003), "In vivo continuous-wave optical breast imaging enhanced with Indocyanine Green" Med. Phys. 30(6) 1039-1047.

D Isaacson, J L Mueller, J C Newell and S Siltanen (2004), “Reconstructions of chest phantoms by the D-bar method for Electrical Impedance Tomography” IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 23(7) 821-828.

Isakov V (1993), "Uniqueness and stability in multi-dimensional inverse problems" Inverse Problems 9
579-621.

Jiang H, N V Iftimia, Y Xu, J A Eggert, L L Fajardo, and K L Klove (2002), "Near-infrared optical imaging of the breast with model-based reconstruction" Acad. Radiol. 9 186-194.

Joshi A, A B Thompson, E M Sevick-Muraca, and W Bangerth (2004), "Adaptive finite element methods for forward modelling in fluorescence enhanced frequency domain optical tomography" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami WB7.

Kaipio J P, V Kohlemainen, M Vauhkonen, and E Somersalo (1999), "Inverse problems with structural prior information" Inverse Problems 15 713-729.

Kaipio J P, V Kolemainen, E Somersalo, and M Vauhkonen (2000), "Statistical inversion and Monte Carlo sampling methods in electrical impedance tomography" Inverse Problems 16 1487-1522.

Kaschke M, H Jess, G Gaida, J-M Kaltenbach, and W Wrobel (1994), "Transillumination imaging of tissue by phase modulation techniques" Proc. OSA Advances in Optical Imaging and Photon Migration 21 88-92.

Kawasaki S, F Kawaguchi, and N Ichikawa (2002), "Optical topography image mapping on 3- dimensional brain surface" Neuroimage Human Brain Mapping Meeting Kilmer M, E L Miller, A Barbaro, and D A Boas (2003), "Three-dimensional shape-based imaging of absorption perturbation for diffuse optical tomography" Appl. Opt. 42(16) 3129-3144.

Kim A (2004), "Transport theory for light propagation in biological tissue" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21(5) 820-827.

Kim A D and A Ishimaru (1998), "Optical diffusion of continuous-wave, pulsed and density waves in scattering media and comparisons with radiative transfer" Appl. Opt. 37(22) 5313-5319.

Kim A and J B Keller (2003), "Light propagation in biological tissue" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 20(1) 92-98.

Kim S, Y T Lim, E G Soltesz, A M De Grand, J Lee, A Nakayama, J A Parker, T Mihaljevic, R G Laurence, D M Dor, L H Cohn, M G Bawendi, and J V Frangoni (2004), "Near-infrared fluorescent type II quantum dots for sentinal lymph node mapping" Nature Biotechnology 22(1) 93-97.

Klose A D and A H Hielscher (1999), "Iterative reconstruction scheme for optical tomography based on the equation of radiative transfer" Medical Physics 28(8) 1698-1707.

Klose A D and A H Hielscher (2003), "Fluorescence tomography with simulated data based on the equation of radiative transfer" Opt. Lett. 28(12) 1019-1021.

Klose A D, V Ntziachristos, and A H Hielscher (2004), "Experimental validation of a fluorescence tomography algorithm based on the equation of radiative transfer" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami SA6.

Knoll G F (1999), "Radiation detection and measurement" Wiley Text Books Third Edition.

Kohlemainen V (2001), "Novel approaches to image reconstruction in diffusion tomography" University of Kuopio PhD Thesis.

Kohlemainen V, S R Arridge, W R B Lionheart, M Vauhkonen, and J P Kaipio (1999), "Recovery of region boundaries of piecewise constant coefficients of an elliptic PDE from boundary data" Inverse Problems 15 1375-1391.

Kohlemainen V, S R Arridge, M Vauhkonen, and J P Kaipio (2000a), "Simultaneous reconstruction of internal tissue region boundaries and coefficients in optical diffusion tomography" Phys. Med. Biol. 45 3267-3283.

Kohlemainen V, S Prince, S R Arridge, and J P Kaipio (2003), "State-estimation approach to the nonstationary optical tomography problem" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(5) 876-889.

Kohlemainen V, M Vauhkonen, J P Kaipio, and S R Arridge (2000b), "Recovery of piecewise constant coefficients in optical diffusion tomography" Optics Express 7(13) 468-480.

Koizumi H, T Yamamoto, A Maki, Y Yamashita, H Sato, H Kawaguchi, and N Ichikawa (2003), "Optical topography: practical problems and new applications" Appl. Opt. 42(16) 3054-3062.

Kusaka T, K Kawada, K Okubo, K Nagano, M Namba, H Okada, T Imai, K Isobe, and S Itoh (2004), "Noninvasive optical imaging in the visual cortex in young infants" Human Brain Mapping 22 122- 132.

Kwee I (1999), "Towards a Bayesian framework for optical tomography" University of London PhD thesis.

Lauritzen M and L Gold (2003), "Brain function and neurophysiological correlates of signals used in functional neuroimaging" J. Neurosci. 23(10) 3972-3980.

Lazebnik M, D L Marks, K Potieter, R Gillette, and S A Boppart (2003), "Functional optical coherence tomography for detecting neural activity through scattering changes" Opt. Lett. 28(14) 1218-1220.

Le Bihan D, J-F Mangin, C Poupon, C A Clark, S Pappata, N Molko, and H Chabriet (2001), "Diffusion tensor imaging: Concepts and applications" J. Magn. Res. Imaging 13 534-546.

Li A, E L Miller, M Kilmer, T J Brukilacchio, T Chaves, Stott J J, Zhang Q, T Wu, M Chorlton, R H Moore, D B Kopans, and Boas D A (2003), "Tomographic optical breast imaging guided by three- dimensional mammography" Appl. Opt. 42(25) 5181-5190.

Li A, Q Zhang, J P Culver, E L Miller, and D A Boas (2004), "Reconstructing chromophore concentration images directly by continuous wave diffuse optical tomography" Opt. Lett. 29 (3) 256- 258.

Li J, G Ku, and L V Wang (2002), "Ultrasound-modulated optical tomography of biological tissue by use of laser speckles" Appl. Opt. 41(28) 6030-6035.

Lionheart W R B (2004), "EIT reconstruction algorithms: pitfalls, challenges and recent developments" Physiol. Meas. 25 125-142.

Lucassen A, E Watson, and D Eccles (2004), "Advice about mammography for a young woman with a family history of breast cancer" British Medical Journal 322 1040-1042.

Maris M, E Gratton, J Maier, W Mantulin, and B Chance (1994), "Functional near-infrared imaging of doxygenated hemoglobin during exercise of the finger extensor muscles using the frequency-domain technique" Bioimaging 2 174-183.

Markel V A (2004), "Modified spherical harmonics method for solving the radiative transport equation" Waves in Random Media 14 L13-19.

Markel V A, J A O'Sullivan, and J C Schotland (2003), "Inverse problem in optical diffusion tomography. IV. Nonlinear inversion formulas" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 20(5) 903-912.

Markel V A and J C Schotland (2001), "Inverse problem in optical diffusion tomography. I. Fourier- Laplace inversion formulas" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 18(6) 1336-1347.

Martelli F, A Sassaroli, Y Yamada, and G Zaccanti (2002), "Analytical approximate solutions of the time-domain diffusion equation in layered slabs" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19 71-80.

Marti-Lopez L, J Bouza-Dominguez, J C Hebden, S R Arridge, and R A Martinez-Celirio (2003), "Validity Conditions for the radiative transfer equation" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20(11) 2046-2056.

Matcher S J (1999), "Nonuniqueness in optical tomography: relevance of the P1 approximation" Opt. Lett. 24(23) 1729-1731.

Matsuo K, T Kato, K Taneichi, A Matsumoto, T Ohtani, T Hamamoto, H Tamasue, Y Sakano, T Sasaki, M Sadamatsu, A Iwanami, N Asukai, and N Kato (2003), "Activation of the prefrontal cortex to trauma-related stimuli measured by near-infrared spectroscopy in posttraumatic stress disorder due to terrorism" Psychophysiology 40 492-500.

McBride T, B W Pogue, S Jiang, U L Osterberg, and K D Paulsen (2001), "A parallel-detection frequency-domain near-infrared tomography system for hemoglobin imaging of the breast in vivo" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(3) 1817-1824.

Metherall P, D C Barber, R H Smallwood, and B H Brown (1996), "Three-dimensional electrical impedance tomography" Nature 380 509-512.

Moesta K T, H Kaisers, S Fantini, M Tönnies, M Kaschke, and P M Schlag (1996), "Lasermammografie der Brustdrüse - Sensitivitätssteigerung durch Hochfrequenzmodulation" Langenbecks Arch Chir Suppl 1 543-548.

Molinari M, B H Blott, S J Cox, and G J Daniell (2002), "Optimal imaging with adaptive mesh refinement in electrical impedance tomography" Physiol. Meas. 23 121-128.

Morris E, L Liberman, D J Ballon, M Robson, A F Abramson, A Heerdt, and D D Dershaw (2003), "MRI of occult breast carcinoma in a high-risk population" Am. J. Radiol. 181 619-626.

Mosegaard K and M Sambridge (2002), "Monte Carlo analysis of inverse problems" Inverse Problems 18 R29-54.

Mueller J L, S Siltanen, and D Isaacson (2002), "A direct reconstruction algorithm for electrical impedance tomography" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 21(6) 555-559.

Nachman A I (1996), "Global uniqueness for a two-dimensional inverse problem" Ann. Math. 143(1) 71-96.

Nickell S, M Hermann, M Essenpreis, T J Farrell, U Krämer, and M S Patterson (2000), "Anisotropy of light propagation in human skin" Phys. Med. Biol. 45 2873-2886.

Ntziachristos V and B Chance (2001), "Probing physiology and molecular function using optical imaging: applications to breast cancer" Breast Cancer Res. 3 41-46.

Ntziachristos V, X Ma, and B Chance (1998), "Time-correlated single photon counting imager for simultaneous magnetic resonance and near-infrared mammography" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(12) 4221- 4233.

Ntziachristos V, J Ripoll, and R Weisslader (2002a), "Would near infra-red fluorescence signals propagate through large human organs for clinical studies? (with errata 27(18) p1652)" Optics Letters 27(5) 333-225.

Ntziachristos V, C-H Tung, C Bremer, and R Weisslader (2002b), "Fluorescence molecular tomography resolves protease activity in vivo" Nature Medicine 8(7) 757-760.

Ntziachristos V, A G Yodh, M Schnall, and Chance B (2000), "Concurrent MRI and diffuse optical tomography of breast after indocyanine green enhancement" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97(6) 2767-2772.

Ntziachristos V, A G Yodh, M Schnall, and B Chance (2002c), "MRI-guided diffuse optical spectroscopy of malignant and benign breast lesions" Neoplasia 4(4) 347-354.

Obata A, K Morimoto, H Sato, A Maki, and H Koizumi (2003), "Acute effects of alcohol on hemodynamic changes during visual stimulation assessed using 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy" Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 123 145-152.

Obrig H and A Villringer (2003), "Beyond the visible - imaging the human brain with light" J. Cereb. Blood Flow & Metab. 23 1-18.

Oh S, A B Milstein, R P Millane, C A Bouman, and K J Webb (2002), "Source-detector calibration in three-dimensional Bayesian optical diffusion tomography" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19(10) 1983-1993.

Okada E and D T Delpy (2003), "Near-infrared light propagation in an adult head model. I. Modeling of low-level scattering in the cerebrospinal fluid layer" Applied Optics 42(16) 2906-2914.

Pei Y, H L Graber, and R L Barbour (2001), "Normalized-constraint algorithm for minimizing inter- parameter crosstalk in DC optical tomography" Opt. Express 11 97-109.

Peña M, A Maki, D Kovacic, G Dehaene-Lambertz, H Koizumi, F Bouquet, and J Mehler (2003), "Sounds and silence: An optical topography study of language recognition at birth" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 100(20) 11702-11705.

Pera V E, E L Heffer, H Siebold, O Schütz, S Heywang-Köbrunner, L Götz, A Heinig, and S Fantini (2003), "Spatial second-derivative image processing: an application to optical mammography to enhance the detection of breast tumours" J Biomed Opt 8(3) 517-524.

Peters V G, D R Wyman, M S Patterson, and G L Frank (1990), "Optical properties of normal and diseased human breast tissue in the visible and near infrared" Phys. Med. Biol. 35 1317-1334.

Pifferi A, P Taroni, A Torricelli, F Messina, and R Cubeddu (2003), "Four-wavelength time-resolved optical mammography in the 680-980 nm range" Optics Letters 28(13) 1138-1140.

Pifferi A, A Torricelli, P Taroni, A Bassi, E Chikoidze, E Giambattistelli, and R Cubeddu (2004), "Optical biopsy of bone tissue: a step toward the diagnosis of bone pathologies" J. Biomed. Opt. 9(3) 474-480.

Pogue B W, S Giemer, T McBride, S Jiang, U L Osterberg, and K D Paulsen (2001), "Three- dimensional simulation of near-infrared diffusion in tissue: boundary condition and geometry analysis for finite-element image reconstruction" Appl. Opt. 40(4) 588-600.

Pogue B W, S Jiang, H Dehghani, C Kogel, S Soho, S Srinivasan, X Song, T D Tosteson, S P Poplack, and K D Paulsen (2004), "Characterization of hemoglobin, water and NIR scattering in breast tissue: analysis of intersubject variability and menstrual cycle changes" J. Biomed. Opt. 9(3) 541-552.

Pogue B W and K D Paulsen (1998), "High-resolution near-infrared tomographic imaging simulations of the rat cranium by use of a priori magnetic resonance imaging structural information" Opt. Lett. 23(21) 1716-1718.

Poplack S P, K D Paulsen, A Hartov, P M Meaney, B W Pogue, T D Tosteson, M R Grove, S Soho, and W A Wells (2004), "Electromagnetic breast imaging: average tissue property values in women with negative clinical findings" Radiology 231 571-580.

Prince S, V Kohlemainen, J P Kaipio, M A Franceschini, D A Boas, and S R Arridge (2003), "Time- series estimation of biological factors in optical diffusion tomography" Phys. Med. Biol. 48 1491-1504.

Rector D M, R F Rogers, J S Schwaber, R M Harper, and J S George (2001), "Scattered-light imaging in vivo tracks fast and slow processes of neurophysiological investigation" Neuroimage 14 977-994.

Ren K, G S Abdoulaev, G Bal, and A H Hielscher (2004), "Algorithm for solving the equation of radiative transfer in the frequency domain" Opt. Lett. 29(6) 578-580.

Rice A and C M Quinn (2002), "Angiogenesis, thrombospodin, and ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast" J. Clin. Pathol. 55 569-574.

Riley J, H Dehghani, M Schweiger, S R Arridge, J Ripoll, and M Nieto-Vesperinas (2000), "3D optical tomography in the presence of void regions" Optics Express 7 462-467.

Ripoll J and V Ntziachristos (2003), "Iterative boundary method for diffuse optical tomography" J. Opt Soc. Am. A 20(6) 1103-1110.

Ripoll J, V Ntziachristos, R Carminati, and M Nieto-Vesperinas (2001), "Kirchhoff approximation for diffusive waves" Phys. Rev. E 64051917.

Romanov V G and S He (2000), "Some uniqueness theorems for mammography-related time-domain inverse problems for the diffusion equation" Inverse Problems 16 447-459.

Salata O V (2004), "Applications of nanoparticles in biology and medicine" J. Nanobiotechnology 2(3) Schmidt F E W, M E Fry, E M C Hillman, J C Hebden, and D T Delpy (2000), "A 32-channel time- resolved instrument for medical optical tomography" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71(1) 256-265.

Schmitz C H, H L Graber, H Luo, I Arif, J Hira, Y Pei, A Bluestone, S Zhong, R Andronica, I Soller, N Ramirez, S-L S Barbour, and R L Barbour (2000), "Instrumentation and calibration protocol for imaging dynamic features in dense-scattering media by optical tomography." Appl. Opt. 39(34) 6466- 6486.

Schmitz C H, M Locker, J M Lasker, Hielscher A H, and R L Barbour (2002), "Instrumentation for fast functional optical tomography" Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73(2) 429-439.

Schulz R B, J Ripoll, and V Ntziachristos (2003), "Noncontact optical tomography of turbid media" Optics Letters 28(18) 1701-1703.

Schulz R B, J Ripoll, and V Ntziachristos (2004), "Experimental fluorescence tomography of tissues with noncontact measurements" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 23(4) 492-500.

Schweiger M, A P Gibson, and S R Arridge (2003), "Computational aspects of diffuse optical tomography" IEEE Computing in Science and Engineering Nov/Dec 2003 33-41.

Schweiger M and S R Arridge (1999a), "Application of temporal filters to time-resolved data in optical tomography" Phys. Med. Biol. 44 1699-1717.

Schweiger M and S R Arridge (1999b), "Optical tomographic reconstruction in a complex head model using a priori region boundary information" Phys. Med. Biol. 44(11) 2703-2721.

Schweiger M, S R Arridge, M Hiraoka, and D T Delpy (1995), "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions" Med. Phys. 22(11 Pt 1) 1779-1792.

Seehusen D A, M M Reeves, and D A Fomin (2003), "Cerebrospinal fluid analysis" American Family Physician 68(6) 1103-1108.

Selb J, J J Stott, M A Franceschini, and D A Boas (2004), "Improvement of depth sensitivity to cerebral hemodynamics with a time domain system" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami FC3.

Shah N, A Cerussi, C Eker, J Espinoza, J Butler, J B Fishkin, R Hornung, and B J Tromberg (2001), "Noninvasive functional optical spectroscopy of human breast tissue" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 98(8) 4420- 4425.

Siegel A M, J P Culver, J B Mandeville, and D A Boas (2003), "Temporal comparison of functional brain imaging with diffuse optical tomography and fMRI during rat forepaw stimulation" Phys. Med. Biol. 48 1391-1403.

Siltanen S, J L Mueller, and D Isaacson (2000), "An implementation of the reconstruction algorithm of A Nachman for the 2D inverse conductivity problem" Inverse Problems 16 681-699.

Spinelli L, A Torricelli, A Pifferi, P Taroni, and R Cubeddu (2003), "Experimental test of a perturbation model for time-resolved imaging in diffusive media" Appl. Opt. 42(16) 3145-3153.

Steinmeyer G (2003), "A review of ultrafast optics and optoelectronics" J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5 R1-R15.

Stott J J, J P Culver, S R Arridge, and D A Boas (2003), "Optode positional calibration in diffuse optical tomography" Appl. Opt. 42(16) 3154-3162.

Strangman G, D A Boas, and J P Sutton (2002a), "Non-invasive neuroimaging using near-infrared light" Biol. Psychiatry. 52 679-693.

Strangman G, J P Culver, J H Thompson, and D A Boas (2002b), "A quantitative comparison of simultaneous BOLD fMRI and NIRS recordings during functional brain activation" Neuroimage 17(2) 719-731.

Strangman G, M A Franceschini, and D A Boas (2003), "Factors affecting the accuracy of near- infrared spectroscopy calculations for focal changes in oxygenation parameters" Neuroimage 18 865- 879.

Suzuki K, Y Yamashita, K Ohta, M Kaneko, M Yoshida, and B Chance (1996), "Quantitative measurement of optical parameters in normal breasts using time-resolved spectroscopy: in vivo results of 30 Japanese women" Journal of Biomedical Optics 1(3) 330-334.

Tabar L, M-F Yen, B Vitak, H-H T Chen, R A Smith, and S W Duffy (2003), "Mammography service screening and mortality in breast cancer patients: 20-year follow-up before and after introduction of screening" Lancet 361 1405-1410.

Taga G, K Asakawa, A Maki, Y Konishi, and H Koizumi (2003), "Brain imaging in awake infants by near-infrared optical topography" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 100(19) 10722-10727.

Taga G, Y Konishi, A Maki, T Tachibana, M Fujiwara, and H Koizumi (2000), "Spontaneous oscillation of oxy- and deoxy- hemoglobin changes with a phase difference throughout the occipital cortex of newborn infants observed using non-invasive optical topography" Neurosci. Lett. 282(1-2) 101-104.

Takahashi K, S Ogata, Y Atsumi, R Yamamoto, S Shiotsuka, A Maki, Y Yamashita, T Yamamoto, H Koizumi, H Hirasawa, and T Imai (2000), "Activation of the visual cortex imaged by 24-channel near- infrared spectroscopy" J. Biomed. Opt. 5(1) 93-96.

Taroni P, G Danesini, A Torricelli, A Pifferi, L Spinelli, and R Cubeddu (2004a), "Clinical trial of time-resolved scanning optical mammography at 4 wavelengths between 683 and 975 nm" J. Biomed. Opt. 9(3) 464-473.

Taroni P, L Pallaro, A Pifferi, L Spinelli, A Torricelli, and R Cubeddu (2004b), "Multi-wavelength time-resolved optical mammography" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami ThB3.

Thoresen M (2000), "Cooling the newborn after asphyxia - physiological and experimental background and its clinical use" Semin. Neonatol. 5 61-73.

Toronov V, A Webb, J H Choi, M Wolf, A Michalos, E Gratton, and D Hueber (2001a), "Investigation of human brain hemodynamics by simultaneous near-infrared spectroscopy and functional magnetic resonance imaging" Med. Phys. 28(4) 521-527.

Toronov V, A Webb, J H Choi, M Wolf, L Safonova, U Wolf, and E Gratton (2001b), "Study of local cerebral hemodynamics by frequency-domain near-infrared spectroscopy and correlation with simultaneously acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging" Optics Express 9(8) 417-427.

Torricelli A, L Spinelli, A Pifferi, P Taroni, R Cubeddu, and G M Danesini (2003), "Use of a nonlinear perturbation approach for in vivo breast lesion characterization by multi-wavelength time-resolved optical mammography" Optics Express 11(8) 853-867.

Tsujimoto S, T Yamamoto, H Kawaguchi, H Koizumi, and T Sawaguchi (2004), "Prefrontal cortical activation associated with working memory in adults and preschool children: an event-related optical topography study" Cerebral Cortex 14(7) 703-712.

Tualle J-M and E Tinet (2003), "Derivation of the radiative transfer equation for scattering media with a spatially varying refractive index" Opt. Comm. 228 33-38.

Turner R and T Jones (2003), "Techniques for imaging neuroscience" British Medical Bulletin 65 3-20.

Ugryumova N, S J Matcher, and D P Attenburrow (2004), "Measurement of bone mineral density via light scattering" Phys. Med. Biol. 49 469-483.

Uludag K, J Steinbrink, A Villringer, and H Obrig (2004), "Separability and cross-talk: optimizing dual wavelength combinations for near-infrared spectroscopy of the adult head" Neuroimage 22 583-589.

Vaithianathan T, I D C Tullis, N Everdell, T Leung, A Gibson , J Meek and D T Delpy (2004), “Design of a portable near infrared system for topographic imaging of the brain in babies” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(10) 3276-3283

Vilhunen T, V Kohlemainen, M Vauhkonen, A Vanne, J P Kaipio, A P Gibson, M Schweiger, and S R Arridge (2004), "Computational calibration method for optical tomography" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami ThD3.

Volpe J J (2001), "Neurobiology of periventricular leukomalacia in the premature infant" Pediatr. Res. 50(5) 553-562.

Wang L, S L Jacques, and X Zhao (1995), "Continuous-wave ultrasonic modulation of scattered laser light to image objects in turbid media" Opt. Lett. 20(6) 629-631.

Wang X, Y Pang, G Ku, X Xie, G Stoica, and L V Wang (2003), "Noninvasive laser-induced photoacoustic tomography for structural and functional in vivo imaging of the brain" Nature Biotechnology 21(7) 803-806.

Warner E, D B Plewes, R S Shumak, G C Catzavelos, L S Di Prospero, M J Yaffe, V Goel, E Ramsay, P L Chart, D E C Cole, G A Taylor, M Cultrara, T H Samuels, J P Murphy, J M Murphy, and S A Narod (2004), "Comparison of breast magnetic resonance imaging, mammography and ultrasound for surveillance of women at high risk for hereditary breast cancer" J. Clin. Oncol. 19(15) 3524-3531.

Warren R (2001), "Screening women at high risk of breast cancer on the basis of evidence" European Journal of Radiology 39 50-59.

Watanabe E, A Maki, F Kawaguchi, K Takashiro, Y Yamashita, H Koizumi, and Y Mayanagi (1998), "Non-invasive assessment of language dominance with near-infrared spectroscopic mapping" Neurosci. Lett. 256 49-52.

Watanabe E, Y Nagahori, and Y Mayanagi (2002), "Focus diagnosis of epilepsy using near-infrared spectroscopy" Epilepsia 43(Suppl. 9) 50-55.

Webb P M, M C Cummings, C J Bain, and C M Furnival (2004), "Changes in survival after breast cancer: improvements in diagnosis or treatment?" The Breast 13 7-14.

Weiss G H, J M Porrà, and J Masoliver (1998), "The continuous-time random walk description of photon migration on an isotropic medium" Opt. Comm. 146 268-276.

Weisslader R and V Ntziachristos (2003), "Shedding light onto live molecular targets" Nature Medicine 9(1) 123-128.

West R M, R G Aykroyd, S Meng, and R A Williams (2004), "Markov-chain Monte Carlo techniques and spatio-temporal modelling for medical EIT" Physiol. Meas. 25 181-194.

Whitelaw A (2001), "Intraventricular haemorrhage and post haemorrhagic hydrocephalus: pathogenesis, prevention and future interventions" Semin. Neonatol. 6 135-146.

Wolf M, U Wolf, J H Choi, V Toronov, L A Paunescu, A Michalos, and E Gratton (2003), "Fast cerebral functional signal in the 100 ms range detected in the visual cortex by frequency-domain near- infrared spectrophotometry" Psychophysiology 40 521-528.

Wyatt J S (2002), "Applied physiology: brain metabolism following perinatal asphyxia" Current Paediatrics 12 227-231.

Xu H, H Dehghani, B W Pogue, R Springett, K D Paulsen, and J F Dunn (2003), "Near-infrared imaging in the small animal brain: optimization of fiber positions" J. Biomed. Opt. 8(1) 102-110.

Xu Y, X Gu, T Khan, and H Jiang (2002a), "Absorption and scattering images of heterogeneous scattering media can be simultaneously reconstructed by use of dc data" Appl. Opt. 41(25) 5427-5437.

Xu Y, N V Iftimia, H Jiang, L L Key, and M B Bolster (2001), "Imaging of in vitro and in vivo bones and joints with continuous-wave diffuse optical tomography" Optics Express 8(7) 447-451.

Xu Y, N V Iftimia, H Jiang, L L Key, and M B Bolster (2002b), "Three-dimensional diffuse optical tomography of bones and joints" J. Biomed. Opt. 7(1) 88-92.

Yamamoto T, A Maki, T Kadoya, Y Tanikawa, Y Yamada, E Okada, and H Koizumi (2002), "Arranging optical fibres for the spatial resolution improvement of topographical images" Phys. Med. Biol. 47 3429-3440.

Yamashita Y, A Maki, and H Koizumi (2001), "Wavelength dependence of the precision of noninvasive optical measurement of oxy-, deoxy-, and total-haemoglobin concentration" Med. Phys. 28(6) 1108-1114.

Yamashita Y, A Maki, and H Koizumi (1999), "Measurement system for noninvasive dynamic optical topography" J. Biomed. Opt. 4(4) 414-417.

Yates T D, J C Hebden, A P Gibson, N L Everdell, D T Delpy, S R Arridge, M Douek, and W Chicken (2004), "Clinical results from a 32-channel time resolved system used to image the breast" OSA Biomedical Topical Meetings, Miami WF18.

Ye J C, C A Bouman, K J Webb, and R P Millane (2001), "Nonlinear multigrid algorithms for Bayesian optical diffusion tomography" IEEE Trans. Imag. Proc. 10(5) 909-922.