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What is Slavery? - individuals who find themselves in an economic circumstance that is beyond their control. - individuals who are coerced into working under conditions that are unsanitary or inhumane. - individuals who find themselves deprived of their human rights, controlled by an oppressor in all senses. - an oppressor can be anyone who has complete power or control over the life of another human being.
Human trafficking is a form of serious exploitation and abuse that is increasingly present in contemporary society. Trafficking exploits human beings for revenue through sex, forced labour and human organs. Victims typically are recruited using coercion, deception, fraud, the abuse of power, or outright abduction. Threats, violence, and economic leverage can often make a victim consent to exploitation. It is estimated to be a $5 to $9 billion-a-year industry. In some areas, like Russia, Eastern Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, and Colombia, trafficking is controlled by large, powerful organizations. However, the majority of trafficking is done by networks of smaller groups that each specialize in a certain area, like recruitment, transportation, advertising, or retail. This is very profitable because little startup capital is needed, and prosecution is relatively rare. Trafficked people are usually the most vulnerable and powerless minorities in a region. They often come from the poorer areas where opportunities are limited, they often are ethnic minorities, and they often are displaced persons such as runaways or refugees.
Case Study + Misc info
The Role of North Americans Sex Trafficking - North Americans play a role that is often unacknowledged or unheard of - Sex slaves are transported to many nations, including the U.S, where they are promised work and a better life. In reality, they are being taken away from their families and loved ones and imprisoned in another nation where they are a stranger and do not likely know the language spoken - Mexico is the number 1 supplier of sex slaves to the U. S (CBS News) - North Americans participate in “sex tourism,” where they can receive services for as little as 10 cents (lifeinthefastlane.ca)
Case Study - Sex Trafficking In Mexico, “Rosaria” was kidnapped while on her way to work. She was allegedly taken by members of the Carreto family, who are infamous for kidnapping young girls and transporting them to America as sex slaves. Rosaria was transported first to Calle Santo Tomas in Mexico, where many traffickers bring their girls to be “trained.”
Pimps look on as girls are paraded in front of clients. Once a deal is made, the girls are made to have sex in a filthy warehouse behind curtained cubicles. In order to make the girls comply, they themselves are threatened or they are made to believe that their families will be killed if they do not do as they are told. They are also continually beaten and raped.
Afterward, Rosaria was transported to America according to the original plan of her traffickers. She found herself in Queens, New York. She was made to work six or seven days a week, servicing several clients a day. She was discovered by an undercover journalist, who observed that “it seems to be happening in a middle-class residential area. This further proves the point that we all need to be vigilant. This could be happening next door” (CBS News). In spite of the danger that she would face, Elsa, Rosaria’s mother, spoke out against them in an article published in the New York Times. After this publication, Rosaria was rescued from the house and agreed to testify against members of the Carreto family.
Issues of Child Labour. (Case Study)
Dieusibon -- Haiti "When I first moved to Port-au-Prince I cleaned dishes, the house, everything. My 'aunt' would beat me whenever I didn't get water. I worked so hard that my body ached and I couldn't move, but she would beat me if I didn't do more work. Her three children went to school...One day my aunt sent me to fetch water. I refused, so she took a pot of boiling water and threw it at me and burned my face and slammed the hot cooking pot on my hand."
Dieusibon, 14, ran away and found help from a shelter in Haiti.
Mohen and Nihal -- India In Pakistan, brothers Mohen and Nihal* began working on carpet looms when they were four and five years old in order to help their family meet their basic needs.
"The health hazards caused to us are that our fingers are trimmed and we have to work all day long. Often for a couple of days in a week, we have to work for the whole day and night.
Mohen often gets miserable and fatigued with the long hours or work and he tries to escape. Then the master weaver keeps a strict watch on him and never lets him move for three or four days.”
Ahmed -- United Arab Emirates When Ahmed was five years old he was trafficked from Bangladesh to the United Arab Emirates to be a camel jockey. He was forced to train and race camels in Dubai for three years.
"I was scared .... If I made a mistake I was beaten with a stick. When I said I wanted to go home I was told I never would. I didn't enjoy camel racing, I was really afraid. I fell off many times. When I won prizes several times, such as money and a car, the camel owner took everything. I never got anything, no money, nothing; my family also got nothing."
Ahmed was only returned home after a Bangladesh official identified him during a visit to Dubai in November 2002. Our local partner Bangladesh National Women Lawyers' Association provided him with the specialist support and help he needed to resume his life with his family.
Global Impacts. (Common Ground)
Social, Political, Economic.
Social: Many people throughout the world do not know enough about slavery to stop it. They are unaware that it is occurring in today's society. They would rather ignore it then do something about it because it is not evident in everyday life.
Political: The UN is aware that slavery is evident in third world countries but not much can be done regarding it because of major corporations who protect themselves against anti-slavery laws. This problem has been an uphill battle for a very long time. It will always be reoccurring unless more action is taken.
Economic: Slavery is a major economic problem because of the large amounts of money going into this type of trade. It will always be evident because this type of trade is in high demand for all major companies and corporations.
Done By: Melanie Archer.
The role of North Americans:
Child labour is prominent in the U.S. Around 10,000 child sex slaves are smuggled into the U.S in large cities such as Los Angeles and New York where if they try to escape, they are beaten, raped, or killed. Sweat shops are also a huge problem. Children are forced to do extremely hazardous work in harmful conditions, putting their health, education, personal and social development, and their lives at risk. In the U.S, children work in sweat shops where they make products such as matches, fireworks and glassware. These slaves are easily smuggled into the U.S with its weak border enforcement. Once these slaves arrive in the U.S, they are promised a better life yet are then forced into slavery. The owners make up to $30,000 a week for each slave, so it is a very profitable business.
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Chris - Economic aspect of slavery
Slavery, is the use of force to limit the socail, economic or geographic mobility of a person so that such a person is given no alternatives but to work in a situation where their compensation is less than what a free market would dictate. This often systemic economic isolation is caused by influencing factors on the market, and often in a system where only a select few of the human population is seen as a resource, as such, the workload is unevenly distrubuted with socail measures implemented to maintain this dichotamy.
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