Start Your Journey Through the Aventine

You have just disembarked a merchant ship, the Nauta Tiberia Octavia, which has brought goods from Ostia to the Port Tibernius, Rome's premier port, situated between the Palatine, Aventine, and Capitoline hills. From here you will find several primary sites in the Aventine to visit, as well as the homes of some of our Plebeian cives.

You see the news reader in the Forum Boarium, and ask him for directions to some of the interesting places in and near the Aventine. He gives you the following information:

  • Comitia Plebis Tributa ~ The Comitia Plebis Tributa has three basic functions, and is one of the legislative bodies of Nova Roma. Just as the Senate has its own separate email list to discuss issues brought before it, the CPT uses this list to discuss matters relevant to the Plebeian citizens and to the Res Publica. The first major function of the CPT is to consider all legislation proposed by the Tribunes. The Plebeians can then discuss these proposals before any vote is made upon them. A second major function of the CPT is to try legal cases solely involving members of the Plebeian order that do not involve permanent removal of citizenship. The third function of the CPT is to elect the Tribuni Plebis and the Aediles Plebis.
  • Circus Maximus ~ Here you can get information on the racing ractiones, past and future Ludi Circenses, etc.
  • Forum Boarium ~ This originally was the cattle market in Rome. It now is the forum of the Plebs to discuss historical topics and political agendas concerning the Plebs of Nova Roma.
  • Temple of Ceres, Liber et Libera ~ Ceres was a goddess for agriculture, similar to Greek Demeter. When there was a severe famine in Rome the Sibylline Books offered an answer: to build a temple for Ceres nearby Circus Maximus. The temple was sacrated at 19th of April 493 BC. For Ceres biscuits made of spelt and salt were sacrificed in the temple. The temple eventually developed as center for plebeians, and also to a center of plebeian political power with plebeian archives. Visit the Temple to make an offering, read the edictae of the Tribunes, and visit the Aediles.
  • Ludus Vitellius ~ The Vitellian Gladiatorial School. Register your fictional gladiators and wild beasts for the Munera Gladiatorial and Venationes of Nova Roma's Virtual Ludi events. We are a private site and not under the operation of the Aediles. We are participants just like you.
  • Aventine Temple of Consus ~ The Temple of Consus on the Aventine probably was vowed or built by L. Papirius Cursor in 272 B.C. on the occasion of his triumph. (This may be inferred from the fact that Papirius was painted on the walls in the robes of a triumphator.) Consus, the deity of Time who is still sometimes personified as Father Time, was also a protector of the harvest. On December 15th the Temple of Consus, which was located underground on the Aventine, was uncovered and opened to public worship. It is probable that this temple was near that of Vortumnus on the north-west side of the Aventine. Vortumnus was probably worshipped in Rome on the Aventine after being brought to the city after the distruction of Volsinii.
  • Aventine Temple of Diana
  • Aventine Temple of Juno
  • Aventine Temple of Libertas
  • Aventine Temple of Minerva
  • Aventine Temple of Vortumnus
  • Aqua Appia ~ Rome's first aqueduct.

In Roman times there were many types of houses you could live in.

The DOMUS, which is one of the largest houses the Romans had in the city, was the only house that one family lived in. Which consisted of two floors. The richest families in the city lived in these homes.

An INSULAE, shown in the picture above, was where the “poor people” resided. It had three or more floors that had little rooms in them where a whole family lived. The rooms got light only by a little window that did not contain any glass. Collapses and fires occurred often in these homes. The ground level consisted of little shops.

The last living settlement is the VILLA-COMPLEX. About ninety percent of Romans lived in the country, some lived in poor farmhouses, but the rich lived in a villa-complex. These consisted of three parts: Villa urbana- this was the living quarters of the family; Villa rustica- the was where the staff lived and worked (it was also the stables, a hospital, and a prison); and Storage accommodations - this was where they stored the grain, oil, wine, and other items that were made on the premises. These are the three most common types of housing settlement that the Romans lived in.

The news reader informs you that if you wish to visit the domus of a certain citizen, you just need to ask around on the following main streets:

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