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Reading Research Assignment

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Red River college

  • Course Name :: Nursing Research Methods NURS 3003
  • Time :: Fall 2008
  • Instructor :: Kim McCormick RN MN.
  • Email :: kmccormick@rrc.mb.ca
  • Due Date :: November 20, 2008

How to use this WIKI

Simply Edit this Page and add your notes to the ones presented here. Do not be scare by the code! just type them in or copy and paste them in just MAKE SURE they are under the right Sub Heading... (Easy to do just Edit your Sub Heading by using the Edit Buttom beside it!)

If you have no idea how this works ?:/ Please before you start watch this YouTube video

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dnL00TdmLY

We as a group will have a much better project if we together put our efforts here rather than just letting Adam do all the Work and we just leeching his A+  ;)

Scratchpad Notes ::

We can leave Messages for each other here...

Yussef: Hello everyone just a reminder that for an A "we" need 84% or better  ;)

Yussef - Everyone - Ok I am just studying for Research & Restorations Test on Thu. so will not be adding much but I do plan to work on this on the weekend =D

Reading Research Worksheet

Score: /45

Course Leader: Kim McCormick

Group Members and Student Numbers

Amanda FIA

Grace FIA

Roxanne FIA

Yira FIA

Yussef FIA


Date of Article: Spring 2007

Title of Article: Primigravid and Multigravid Women: Prenatal Perspectives.

Journal: Prenatal Perspectives

Volume, Pages: Vol. 16, Pg. 21-32

Author(s): Nichols, Roux, & Harris


Reading Research: Worksheet

This work sheet is a set of questions on nursing research concepts found in published studies. The questions posed help the consumer “walk” through and comprehend the research report. In some questions you may just need to circle the correct answer. In other questions you will need to expand/qualify your answer with a written statement. For example, you may need to provide rationale or support your answer with a direct quote from the article. Use the answer sheets (you can write on the back if more space is needed).


Abstract

1. The major finding(s) noted in the abstract is/are (.5):

a) Multigravid women had lower levels of maternal-fetal attachment and marital satisfaction compared to primigravid women during 3rd trimester of pregnancy

b) Pregnant women's responses clearly revel unique/distinct differences exist b/w needs of primi & multigravid women

c) Prenatal educational interventions tailored to meet distinct needs of primi & multigravid women are suggested

2. Would the results, as presented in the abstract, be useful in nursing practice? (1) Somewhat

Elaborate: (Consider research design, sampling techniques & relevance to the practice setting)

a) Study only covers 50/50% from east & west coast married women living in the US and in 3rd trimester and healthy/uncomplicated pregnancy. It's not representative of total world population or even North American population. Excludes too many other variables like single women, at risk births/complicated pregnancies and different geological locations as it has only looked at east/west coast locations.

b) Relevance to practice; always good to have more knowledge to treat client as a whole so factors related to mental/physical/emotional health states are addressed during pregnancy(whether it is first pregnancy or more). The study could help RNs with understanding of external factors in women's lives before delivery (might even help show related factors for post-partum depression)

Introduction

3. What is the purpose of this study? (1)


4. What is the research question/ hypothesis that the investigator is trying to answer? (1)


5. What is the relevance of this problem to nursing practice? (1)


6. What are the study’s main concepts or research variables? (List and identify as applicable all the Independent and Dependent Variables) (1)


7. What is the target population? (1)


8. Does the study use a conceptual/theoretical framework? (1) Yes No

If yes, it is identified as:


The Literature Review

9. Reference List Analysis (1):

How many articles are listed in the reference list?

What is the publication year of this article?

How many articles in the reference list are greater than 10 years old from the date of publication?

How many of the >10 year old articles could be considered classic literature?

(E.g. they are about the theoretical framework, philosophy of the research study or are related to psychometric testing of the instruments/questionnaires used in the study.)


10. In your own words and in point form summarize the key points in the review of the literature: (2)


11. Identify the gap and/or conflict in knowledge about the problem: (1)


12. How does this study intend to fill the gap/resolve the conflict? (1)


Research Design

((Can you take out the Capitals so that the document can easily be copy and paste into our final document)

13. Is the research approach/method quantitative, qualitative or a combined method? (1)IT IS A COMBINED METHOD

How can you tell (give one example)? THE ARTICLE USES BOTH QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DATA AND IT ALSO STATEDD THE METHOD DESIGN IN ITS ABSTRACT

14. Identify the study design as (circle): (1) (Non-experimental) Quasi-experimental or Experimental

How can you tell (give one example)? IT STUDIED PREGNANT WOMEN IN THEIR NATURAL ENVIRONMENT; THEY WERE OBSERVED AND GIVEN QUESTIONNARES IN RELATION TO THEIR CONCERNS ON PRENATAL EXPERIENCES.

15. Based on the identified design of this study, what do you see as one limitation? (1)THAT IT WAS NOT A LARGE STUDY: THEY ONLY USED CERTAIN WOMEN AS SAMPLING WHICH WERE NOT RANDOMIZED.

16. Describe the setting/environment for the study. Where did the main research activities take place?(1) PRENATAL CARE CLINICS AND OFFICES

Study Subjects

17. What did the researcher(s) use as the accessible population? (1)

PREGNANT WOMEN WHO WERE IN THEIR LAST TRIMESTER

18. What inclusion/exclusion criteria were used in subject selection for the study (ie. Age, gender, diagnosis, occupation and so forth)? (1)

MARRIED WOMEN, UNCOMPLICATED PREGNANCY, SPOKE & UNDERSTOOD ENGLISH, RECEIVED OBSTETRIC CARE AT ONE OF SEVERAL SETTINGS: MILITARY, PRIVATE & PUBLIC.

19. What procedures were used to select the sample: Probability or nonprobability? Identify the specific sub-type: (1)

NON-PROBABILITY= CONVINIENCE SAMPLE

20. What is the sample size? (.5)

100 WOMEN (50 PRIMIGRAVID & 50 MULTIGRAVID)

21. What is the reason given for this sample size? Any power analysis and were the recommendations from that power analysis met? If no reason is given, attempt to infer why the sample is this size. (1)

POWER ANALYSIS WAS NOT STATED IN THE ARTICLE, IT WAS BASICALLY A SMALL SAMPLE. THE SIZE WAS PROBABLY SMALL SO IT WOULD BE EASIER TO MANAGE AND ANALIZE THE DATA COLLECTED FROM THE QUESTIONNARE.


22. Indicate sample mortality: (.5)

0=ZERO

Ethical Considerations

23. How did the researcher(s) protect human rights? (1)


24. Who sponsored/funded this study? (.5)


Data Collection

25. List all the instruments/questionnaires used to collect data in this study. (.5)


26. Outline (briefly – point form) the procedures used for data collection. (1)


27. List the methods of testing reliability for each of the instruments/questionnaires used in this study. Identify the type of reliability tested if any. What level of reliability is reported? (2)

Are the reliability levels acceptable? Yes No

Elaborate: (1)


28. Were methods used to ensure the validity of the data collected? List each tool and identify what type of validity measure was done if identified. (2)


Data Analysis/Findings

29. What was the response rate? (only if applicable) (1)


30. What methods of data analysis were used? (1)

Qualitative? Yes No

Describe:

Quantitative? Yes No If yes, did the researcher: (check all that apply)

Use Descriptive Statistics (mean, median, mode)

Test for differences between groups.

Test for relationships between variables.


31. Identify one statistical test used to analyze the data and its level of significance, as set by the researcher. (1)


32. Describe the characteristics of the study sample? (1)


33. What are the main objective findings of the study (or main themes which emerged)? (1)


34. Were any of these findings statistically significant? Give 2 examples. (1)

Yes No Not Applicable

Elaborate:


35. We’re any of the findings clinically significant? (1) Describe:


Researcher’s discussion of results

36. Is the framework mentioned in relation to the findings? (.5)

Yes No


37. Does the researcher comment on the generalizability of the study findings (beyond sample) (1)


Are these comments logical within the scope of this study? (Consider the target population, sampling techniques, sample characteristics, research design….) (2) Yes No

Elaborate:


38. Could these findings be used in nursing practice? Given what you know about evidenced based nursing practice, why? Or Why not? (2)


39. Does the researcher(s) acknowledge any limitations of this study? (1)

Yes No

Describe:


40. Overall, one strength of the study is: (1)


41 Overall, one weakness of the study is: (1)

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