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Spanish Grammar

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Ser and estar

ser

Yo soy

Tú eres

Vos sos

Ústed, él, ella es

Nosotros somos

Ellos, ustedes son

estar

Yo estoy

Tú estas

Vos estas

ústed, él, ella está

nosotros estamos

ellos, ustedes estan


Ser and estar both mean "to be". Estar means "to be" in a temporary sense. It comes from the Latin word for "state", so think of a temporary state. Estar is used when talking about feelings and location. Ser is used when talking about permanent states. Ser comes from the Latin word meaning "essence", so use it when talking about how something always is, or where you are from, or who someone is. Remember the rhyme: "How you feel or where you are is when you use the verb estar"

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