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Thomas Jefferson

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Thomas Jefferson
Jefferson Picture
Secretary of State
Country: United States of America
Surname: Jefferson
Given Name: Thomas
Addressed As: Mister Secretary
Pronunciation:
Date of Birth: April 13, 1743
Place of Birth: Virginia, USA
Languages Spoken: English, French, Greek


Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and an influential founder of the United States. Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803), the Embargo Act of 1807, and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).

A political philosopher who promoted classical liberalism, republicanism, and the separation of church and state, he was the author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom (1779, 1786), which was the basis of the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. He was the eponym of Jeffersonian democracy and the founder and leader of the Democratic-Republican Party, which dominated American politics for over a quarter-century. Jefferson also served as the second Governor of Virginia (1779–1781), first United States Secretary of State (1789–1793), and second Vice President (1797–1801).

In addition to his political career, Jefferson was a plantation owner (complete with slaves), agriculturalist, horticulturist, architect, etymologist, archaeologist, mathematician, cryptographer, surveyor, paleontologist, author, lawyer, inventor, violinist, and the founder of the University of Virginia. Many people consider Jefferson to be among the most brilliant men ever to occupy the Presidency. President John F. Kennedy welcomed forty-nine Nobel Prize winners of the Western Hemisphere to the White House in 1962, saying, "I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone."

Personal Data

  • Spouse: Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson
  • Children: Five (Martha, Jane, Mary, Lucy, Lucy)


Curriculum Vitae

Education

  • William and Mary University, 1762
  • Admitted to Virginia Bar, 1767

Religious Affiliation

  • Deism (quasi-Unitarianism)

Physical Data

  • Height: 6'2"
  • Weight: 165 lbs.
  • Hair Color: Strawberry Blonde
  • Eye Color: Grey

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