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Tresidia is a country located on the western coast of Bellica. The 3rd largest country in the world, it is approximately the size of the Southern and Central California. It has a population of over twenty-five million people.
Southern Parsini is the official state religion and Tresidian is the official language.
The Government of Tresidia a traditional oligarchy with democratic trappings. It was established in 1973 with the Glorious Revolution. The highest state authority is Supreme Leader, currently Kaphros Arkatik.
Tresidian history is relatively short, with most events in recorded history happening after 999.
Pre-History to the Berserka
There is some debate as to the origin of the Parsinism. However, regardless of its origins it is has always had a firm foothold in Tresidia. Before the Berzerka, Tresidia was primarly a group of non-federated tribes, that shared a languague, but had no writing system. Along the coast a different ethnic group called the Thadonians were far more civilized, but were much smaller as a group. It seems that there was trade between the two groups, but not much has survived to modern times.
The Berzerka to the Council of Lacron
Although Tresidia was largely insulated by the extensive mountain ranges from the effects of Ursideanism for the first one-hundred years of the Berzerka, that came to an end in 1091. Ursideans from Teton began conducting raids into the northeastern area of what is now Tresidia. Starting in 1093 a concerted campaing was waged by Berserker in to Tresidia, and soon it became apparent that the position was untenable. The Tresidians of the region decided to decamp and relocate further south, in the hopes that they would find peace in another area.
Under the leadership of Egathrac the Great, local tribal leader and visionary, the Tresidians of the northwestern region began their relocation in 1097. However, as word reached the berserking Ursideans, they deployed all their available military in an attempt to prevent potential converts and subjects from escaping. The Native Tresidians were dismayed, and many abandoned the hope of withdrawal, and accepted Ursidianism. They are called the Ehriman or "quitters" to this day.
Nevertheless, the majority continued to press on in the face of the large pursuing army. In an event that is still commemorated, Lorad, a local war chieftain turned back from the main body and fought a valiant defense for more than four months at the pass of Revod. While he and all his men were killed, the larger body was able to escape. More importantly, nine out of ten of the Ursidian military died over the unexpectedly harsh winter, and Ursidian aggression was broken.
In pursuance of a dream that Egathrac had one night, the Tresidians traveled to an area next to the city of Naeco. There they founded a city which they named after their leader, and from that time forth they were known as the Egathrakoi.
The Egathrakoi adopted the alphabet of the Thadonians, and were the first of the Tresidians to have a written language. This language eventually filtered out to the tribal Tresidians, and is what we know as Tresidian today.
While initially welcomed as by the native Thadonians, tensions began to mount. Finally erupting, over trade issue, into open warfare. In 1211 the Egathrakoi marched on Naeco and annexed it to Tresidian control. The war between the Thadonians and the Egathrakoi spread throughout the region. Many ethnic Tresidians joined the Egathrakoi cause early on, but most remained neutral. However at the end of thirty years of warfare, Thadonion power ended on the continent and the Thadonian diaspora began.
In retaliation for a lack of support in the Naeco revolt the Egathrakoi turned their attention to the neighboring newly formed cities and towns, populated by Tresidians. Over the course of the next sixty years each of the closer cities were annexed, some willingly, others by force. Finally, in 1422 at the Council of Lacron the Tresidian Union was proclaimed. In form it was an oligarchy. It was dominated by thirty families, that exchanged power, with very little input from the lower classes.
The Tressidian Union to the Great Reformation
After the establishment of the Tresidian Union, the borders never remained stable. Much of the area was dominated by desert, and was largely uncharted. As the tribal Tresidians settled into cities, and the area gradually civilized the Tresidian union slowly expanded. Foreign traders arrived in the early Sixteenth Century from Jakistan, and that brought a sense of the outside world to the heretofore isolated Tresidia. Also significant was the evolution of Parsinism at this time from the decentralized form that it had heretofore taken in the south, into a more hierarchical structure. This was no a reaction to a missionary campaign by Orecal, as it attempted to secure its southern, somewhat wild border.
Throughout this time period there was a great deal of resentment amongst many common Tresidians against the hereditary power wielded by the oligarchic Council. The fact that a majority of those on the council claimed direct descent from the original Egathrakoi did not help the situation. In 1838, a pseudo democratic revolt erupted in the more westward looking city of Envpten. It was heady times for the two months the revolutionaries controlled the streets, but the military brutally put down any attempts to replicated its success in other areas of the country. After a short period, the military arrived, and bloodily squashed the revolution.
However, industrialization was slow to take hold in Tresidia, and economic problems continued to plague the country. A series of famines in 1841, 1853, 1867, and 1879 seriously damaged the countries pride, and economy. The situation was brought to a fever pitch with the Banking Crisis of 1890. As the country seemed about ready to colapse, the Oligarchy proclaimed the Grand Reformation.
On paper the Grand Reformation was a sweeping change to government. In reality it was a reshuffling of cards that left the majority of old players in place. In essence the size of the Oligarchy was dramatically reduced, but most if not all of the members were simply shifted from oligarchic duties into major Civil Service posts. The only real change was an increase of government control over the economy. Heavy industry was largely planned, and the market was socialist in many respects. While in the short term it provided a release of pressure that the late nineteeth century had built up in the country it also set Tresidia on the road to ruin.
The Grand Reformation to the Glorious Revolution
Another major change of the Grand Reformation was a restructuring of the military. As a part of that many advisors and weapons were imported from Jakistan, who had become the major foreign trading partner for Tresidia.
Although Tresidia was deliberately trying to stimulate industrial economy, their inept planning prevented the industries from turning a profit. As a result the only significant export to Jakistan was food. And while the food and raw material export was significant, the profits were not. As a result the foreign debt began to grow almost exponentially. To calm tensions created by the increasingly dire economic environment, the government launched a campaign to focus on Nationalism. During this time Egathrac was promoted from a merely local hero to an emblem of Tresidian greatness. This greatly diminished the strength of the Egathrakoi on the surface as they were no longer 'special', since everyone was no heir to the heritage.
Nationalist tendencies reached fevered pitch in 1901 when Tresidia launched the Great War of Unification. Actually a series of small wars, Tressidia succesively massed troops on the borders of neighboring city states and swiftly overwhelmed them. Withing ten years, all the Tresidian peoples were unified. For a time it seemed as if the Egathrakoi had accepted egalitarianism, but it soon became apparent that they were merely ruling through their Civil Service positions that they retained.
In 1922, Tresidian national debt because so burdensome that in a special council, which reunited much of the older ruling class, declared that it would default on its debt. In retaliation, Jakistan, with the support of a few minor debt holders invaded Tresidia. In a war that lasted two years, the Tresidian military was devastated and humiliated. Finally, a humiliating peace was signed in San Mateo on the Mateosian Islands. This treaty effectively ended Tresidian sovereignty, while leaving the government in place. A Jakistani viceroy and attendant administration dictated all of the foreign affairs of Tresidia and even realigned its borders. The humiliation was made all the more unbearable by taking place in Mateosia which is viewed as culturally inferior since that is the place where many Thadonians fled.
Jakistani power began to wane in the wake of the Great war of 1950. Finally, the Superlative Rebellion (or 1st Rebellion as it is known in Democratic circles) broke out om Envpton. Jakistan negotiated a withdrawal with the oligarchy, and oligarchic rule returned to Tresidia. However the Oligarchy tha Jakistan left in power was mostly devoid of Egathrakoi, and they promptly moved the capital to Selegnasol, the former seat of Jakistani government. Most hereditary inheritors of "The Mantle of Egathrak" had taken refuge in the clergy. This did not ease tensions between Tresidia and her former master, though and war broke out in 1957 between Tresidia and Orecal, becuase it was widely, although probably falsely believed that Orecal was acting as an agent for Jakistan.
Mismanagement continued to haunt the Oligarchy until in 1973 in a nearly bloodless revolt. The Egathrakoi who had mostly left governmetn for the clergy suddenly returned to it, as they established a new oligarchy. However, this one was highly religious, and mostly autocratic. Egathrac was once again elevated to demi-god status. A monument was erected to Lorad, and it became a major place of pilgrimage.
As the new oligarchy, or the Divine Seat as it is know, has consolidated power, pressure has increased on minority groups. Thadonians, while always a minority have left the area in droves, mostly relocating to Orecal. However, the ethnic Tresidian, but religiously Ursidian Ehriman have developed into secesionist enclave. This has sparked the Revod Crisis.
Government and politics
Main Article Tresidian Government
The Government of Tresidia is a Theocratic Oligarchy. Only Parsini's with good standing in the church are allowed into mid- and upper-level political positions. Moreover, while not codified, membership in one of the thiry "Great Houses" is virtually mandatory to acheive any political power. However, marriage into those houses is sufficient to gain that support.
While the head of State is the Archon, and he often makes binding proclamations, he is all but appointed by the Religious council. While there are elections, only two have ever had more than one candidate for Archon.
While one Cleric is the "Supreme Leader" he really occupies the position of "First among equals" the only time he has more authority is in order to avoid a tie between the four members of the Religious Council. In that case his vote counts for 1.5 votes. He is usually the senior member of the council, but not always, since on at least one occasion the senior member has abdicated in favor of a younger candidate.
Fiats from the Council are absolute and binding to everyone in the country regardless of religion. The council acts as supreme Judiciary, but it almost never overturns a lower courts ruling, unless it is seen to be too lenient. In essence, appeals are always negative, and almost never initiated by the defendant.
There are four provinces and two "Autonomous Regions"
- Lemuria (AR)
- Revod (AR)
Geography and climate
Tresidia climate varies from Mediterranean to subarctic. Much of the country has a Mediterranean climate, with cool, rainy winters and dry summers. The cool Mateosian Current offshore often creates summer fog near the coast. Further inland, the climate has colder winters and hotter summers.
Northern parts of the country average higher annual rainfall than the south. Tresidia's mountain ranges influence the climate as well: some of the rainiest parts of the state are west-facing mountain slopes. The Central Valley has a Mediterranean climate but with greater temperature extremes than the coast. The high mountains, including the Snow Range, have a mountain climate with snow in winter and mild to moderate heat in summer.
The east side of Tresidias's mountains has a drier rain shadow. The low deserts east of the Tresidia's mountains have hot summers and nearly frostless mild winters; the higher elevation deserts of eastern California have hot summers and cold winters.
Ecologically, Tresidia is one of the richest and most diverse parts of the world and includes some of the most endangered ecological communities. Tresidia is part of the Nearctic ecozone and spans a number of terrestrial ecoregions. Tresidia's large number of endemic species includes relic species which have died out elsewhere, such as the Mateosia Ironwood (Lyonothamnus floribundus). Many other endemics originated through differentiation or adaptive radiation, whereby multiple species develop from a common ancestor to take advantage of diverse ecological conditions such as the Tresidia lilac (Ceanothus). Many Tresidia endemics have become endangered, as urbanization, logging, overgrazing, and the introduction of exotic species have encroached on their habitat. Tresidia boasts several superlatives in its collection of flora; the largest trees, the tallest trees, and the oldest trees. Tresidia's native grasses are perennial plants. After European contact, these were generally replaced by invasive species of European annual grasses; and, in modern times, Tresidia's hills turn a characteristic golden brown in summer.
Tresidia's economy is a mixture of central planning, state ownership of other large enterprises, village agriculture, and small-scale private trading and service ventures. Its economic infrastructure has been improving steadily over the past two decades but continues to be affected by inflation and unemployment. In the early twenty-first century the service sector contributed the largest percentage of the GDP, followed by industry (mining and manufacturing) and agriculture. About 45 percent of the government's budget came from oil and natural gas revenues, and 31 percent came from taxes and fees. Government spending contributed to an average annual inflation rate of 14 percent in the period 2000–2004. In 2006 the GDP was estimated at $193.5 billion ($599.2 billion at PPP), or $2,440 per capita ($8,700 at PPP). Because of these figures and the country’s diversified but small industrial base, the United Nations classifies Tresidia's economy as semi-developed.
The services sector has seen the greatest long-term growth in terms of its share of GDP, but the sector remains volatile. State investment has boosted agriculture with the liberalization of production and the improvement of packaging and marketing helping to develop new export markets. Thanks to the construction of many dams throughout the country in recent years, large-scale irrigation schemes, and the wider production of export-based agricultural items like dates, flowers, and pistachios, produced the fastest economic growth of any sector in Tresidia over much of the 1990s. Although successive years of severe drought in 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001 have held back output growth substantially, agriculture remains one of the largest employers, accounting for 22% of all jobs according to the 1991 census.
Tresidia's major commercial partners are Orecal, Mateosia, and Wonton. Tresidia also expects to attract billions of dollars of foreign investment by creating a more favorable investment climate, such as reduced restrictions and duties on imports. The current administration continues to follow the market reform plans of the previous one and indicated that it will diversify Tresidia's economy. It is attempting to do this by investing revenues in areas like automobile manufacturing, aerospace industries, consumer electronics, petrochemicals and nuclear technology.
Tresidia has also developed a biotechnology, nanotechnology, and pharmaceuticals industry. Tresidiaian budget deficits have been a chronic problem, in part due to large-scale state subsidies, totaling more than $40 billion per year, that include foodstuffs and especially gasoline.[
The authorities so as the private sector have put in the past 15 years an emphasis on the local production of domestic-consumption oriented goods such as home appliances, cars, agricultural products, pharmaceutical, etc. Nowadays, Tresidia possesses a good manufacturing industry, despite sanctions imposed by foreign countries. However, all nationalized industries such as Automobile production have often been managed in the worse way, making them ineffective and uncompetitive with years. Today, the government is trying to privatize these industries, and despite some successes, there are still several problems to be overcome such as the lagging corruption with the public sector (and therefore, nationalized industries) and lack of competitiveness.
The tourist industry declined dramatically during the war with Orecal in the 1960s but has subsequently revived.
The people of the Tresedian region all claim to be from five major groups of people that setteled the region before the 1097 Exodus.
The Tresedian government recognize the following five groups of people:
The Tresidian Armed Forces consists of two major branches the Ministry of the Army(MOA) and the Ministry of Naval Forces (MONF). The Tresedian military has no seperate Air Force but has a Air Defense Force (Department of Air Defense (DOAD)) that is directly subordinate to the Ministry of the Army. The national command structure of the Armed forces of Tresedia places the Arcon of Tresedia as the Commander in Chief of all military forces or chief of the Supreme Military Command (SMC). The Supreme Military Command is stood up in times of national emergency or when a state of war is declared. The location of the SMC is never known, but is assumed to be airmobile. Central Military Command (CMC)is the central headquarters for both the MOA, and the MONF, all national level military command issues, and admisintrative matters are addressed at this location. The CMC headquarters is located at Zerauj in an underground facility (UGF)called the Gladuis. The Ministry of Security and Information (MOSI)or the "Blue Fire Division", is chartered as the national intelligence organization responsible for organizing the collection of national and domestic intelligence. The organizational structure of the "Blue Fire Division" is not known at this time. There is little information available on the capability and collection assetts of the "Blue Fire Division". Headquarters is located in Naeco, at the National Cultural Center. Joint Military Command (JMC) is responsible for the day to day operations of the the two military ministries. JMC is directly subordinate to the CMC. The JMC coordinates operations through the delegation of command authority to the Army's CentralCommand (ACC)and the Navy's Supreme Naval Command (SNC). The DOAD recieves orders directly from the MOA.
Due to recent events in North Tresedia, the Arcon, has created a special forces command (SFC). This unit is Brigade sized and is only subordinate to the Arcon. This is a major development due to the fact that the Arcon is trying to establish his own special forces brigade independant of the regular military. This Brigade is called the "Daddy Long Legs Division". "Daddy" referring to the Arcon, and "long legs" referring to the Legions history of marching. Does this indicate that the Arcon is illegally recruiting from the legions?
The Tresedians culture is based in history, myth, and religion. Much of the the Tresedians modern cultural practices have not changed for 800 years. In a modern Tresedian household the eldest male has the duty to uphold cultural and, religious practices. This practice is called "paterfamalias", which legally gives the eldest male of the household complete authority over the family. In a household with multiple males it is the eldest male that has authority. For example if a grandfather resides in the family home, he would become head of household by the "law" of "paterfamalias". "Paterfamilias", allows the head of household to administer punishment to any member of the household, the punishment can be as severe as the "paterfamalias",see fit, short of death.
Each house hold is expected to maintain a small shrine to the family god. The family god or(Pravas)acts as a religious guardian, the female members of the household are expected to wear an icon/pendant somewhere visible at all times. male family members may hold the title of "paterfamalis", but it is expected that the lady of the house manages the family finances.
Urban Tresedians like to identify with the city that they reside. For example Tresedians living in Egathrac prefer to be called Egathracons first then Tresedians. It is considered an grave insult to not know or address the regional identity of a Tresedian when greeting, if it is impossible to ascertain the regional identity of an individual, it is acceptable to greet an individual by using the national greeting, "From the Nhoj Hello". The Lemurian region does not practice this custom, but does not consider the practice insulting if used in the region. The custom is not observed in the Thracian region and is considered an insultif used.
Most food is prepared so that it can be eaten with the hands. It is a national custom in all regions to carry a small satchel on the hip. The small satchel usually contains tolietries. A red satchel usually shows that the idividual is from the working class or the military. A green satchel is reserved for civil servants, while the poor usually wear natural colors. It is considered the gravest insult to eat or show up to a meal "soiled or dirty". As described by Nhoj Egathrac in his book of the "First Revod", "to begin to eat or take substance in to thy body by being soiled or dirty is to contaminate the body and the fire of life, it will lead to the fire being extinguished, and a stain in the eyes of god...". Tresedians eat four times a day, at what is called the "hours of worship". It was Nhoj Egathrac that decreed in his book "Exodii", "...to worship god is to reward the soul for god has lit thou fire, and god need not rekindle the fire but give thy keeper the ability to keep the fire, four times a day...". Eating in most of Tresedia is a religious expperience, and most Tresedians prefer not to eat with foreigners, but will occasionaly. Many diplomatic incidents have ocured over the last 20 years due to the signs out side of retaurants such as, "No Foreign Customers", and "Only belivers in the word of Egathrac, welcome".
Tresedia is known to have close to 200,000 "live screen stages", or theatres. In Tresedia the most noble profession is that of the actor. Live performances are considered to be the highest form of art, and "movies" second class. "Live Art" is considered "high art", and visual art, "low art". It is commonly thought that the ancient Tresedians used their fingers to paint on cave walls, thus "making modern art with the hands a sin of progress. More people go to live performances then any other event in Tresedia. The Tresedians "National Live Art Week", is from 1 September to 7 September every two years. All Tresedians are expected to obstain from working during this period.
There are many dialects that make up the regional languages in Tresedia. Of the many dialects spoken in the region most of the native Tresedians can understand each other. The most notable difference in spoken language is from the people of the Xerxenian region. The people that inhabit the area from Noside to South Noside, and as far south as Hadriana speak the Tresedian national language, but have added 17 characters that represent sounds that are present in the local slang. The natives of the Xerxenian region do not consider the language slang. The peole that live in the Lemurian region claim to have recieved their language base from the "Lord of Dirt", or the "God of the Dead". The language seems to be older that that of the Tresedians. The Tresedian government does not recognize the "language of dirt".
Science and technology
Tresidian Tech lags behind others but isn't bad.