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In this article, we tried to analyze the importance of water, its role in building civilizations, its religious significance, human conflict because of it and finally methods of controlling its use and disbursement. Economies, plants, animals and even humans will always be in need of it. Scientists in their labs will need it as a solvent, and farmers at their ranches for watering crops, but most importantly, all need it for drinking. In science, in building nations and in everything related to life you find water as a crucial element needed for production and survival. The role of water in science is rather interesting. It has included itself in almost every aspect of technology, from electronics and nanotechnology to centrifuging machines and chemistry labs. Small transistors to large machinery all contain water or liquids to help sustain acceptable operational temperatures. Furthermore, water molecules shape according to the grouping of the dissolved molecules in a solvent, thus, the traits of the dissolved material is not lost. For example, antifreeze once mixed with water, the resulted mixture will still hold the characteristics of an all antifreeze liquid; therefore, we mix antifreeze with water prior to pouring it in our vehicles and with such measures it becomes economically feasible. The privilege of mixing water with anything and still keep the traits of the compound makes it economically cheaper to consume almost anything and one major example is medicine, not to forget that only a certain amount of water with respect to the dissolved material to keep a relatively desired concentration is allowed. Water’s role in building nations and transforming history is clear to the human eye. The steam revolution that enabled humankind to build cars, trains and plains, completely altering the face of the earth and taking transportation to a different level; thus, connecting the world and making it a small village traveling from the far west to the Far East in less than a day is because of water. Engineers and scientists believe that steam, used by early scientists to drive pistons or turbines by expanding it to perform a mechanical work or condensed back to water in boilers under high pressure, is vaporized water. Evidently, water had its impact on nature and life not only in its liquid phase, but in the gaseous phase as well. Civilizations built around it, and legendary dynasties flourishing because of it. It holds dissolved nutrients important for survival inside it, and it keeps treasures of pearls and caviar within it. It fertile the soil for a better harvest and it keeps the temperature down to what our bodies can tolerate. Religions have talked about it and synchronized it in its daily practices. Humankind understood its importance for not only food and energy, but also its role in cleaning and purifying our bodies and personal hygiene. Yet it is being corrupted by continuous misuse, and unfortunately, no serious measures and initiatives taken to preserve it. Water wells are being damaged everyday through dumping toxicants in rivers and lakes killing thousands of fish, penguins, and marine life as a whole. Finally, Earth is covered with water, rivers, creeks, lakes, seas, and oceans. It separates villages, towns, cities, countries and continents; it separates people and induces them to fight over it. Yet no life could continue without it, not only for humans but also for animals, birds, fish, and plants. It is not substitutable and neither is it negligible. It is something that we all need regardless of age or sex; it is involved in our lives in every aspect, way, shape and form. Water is life and life is water.