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[This page is meant to show the changes in Winchester Virginia in our local Scion game. Much of this has changed, and so none of this is necessarily factual information. See the link below for the actual wikipedia entry for the real Winchester Virginia]
Winchester is an independent city located in the northwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the USA. The city's population was 23,585 according to the 2000 U.S. Census. Winchester is the county seat of Frederick County and the principal city of the Winchester, Virginia-West Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a part of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia, DC-MD-VA-WV Combined Statistical Area. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Winchester with surrounding Frederick county for statistical purposes. Winchester is home to Shenandoah University and the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley.
Indigenous peoples of various cultures lived along the waterways of present-day Virginia for thousands of years before European contact. Archeological, linguistic and anthropological studies have provided insights into their civilizations. Though little is known of specific tribal movements prior to European contact, the Shenandoah Valley area, considered a sacred common hunting ground, appears by the 1600s to have been controlled mostly by the local Iroquoian-speaking groups, including the Senedo and Sherando.
The Algonquian-speaking Shawnee began to challenge the Iroquoians for the hunting grounds later in that century. Explorers Batts and Fallam in 1671 reported the Shawnee were contesting the Valley with the Iroquoians and were losing. During the later Beaver Wars, the powerful Iroquois from New York (particularly Seneca from the western part of the territory) subjugated all tribes in the frontier region west of the Fall Line. Over the years between 1670 and 1712, the Mohawk extended their power north to Montreal and the St. Lawrence River valley; the Seneca were more active to the southwest as far southward as present-day North Carolina. By right of conquest, the Iroquois (especially the Seneca) claimed the Ohio Valley as their hunting ground. In the early 18th century, the Iroquoian Tuscarora migrated to New York away from warfare in North and South Carolina; in 1722 they were accepted by the Iroquois as the Sixth Nation of the Haudenosaunee.
By the time European settlers arrived in the Shenandoah Valley around 1729, the Shawnee were the principal occupants in the area around Winchester. During the first decade of white settlement, the Valley was also a conduit and battleground in a bloody intertribal war between the Seneca Iroquois and Algonquian Lenape from the north, and their distant traditional enemies, the Siouan Catawba in the Carolinas. The Iroquois Six Nations finally ceded their nominal claim to the Shenandoah Valley at the Treaty of Lancaster (1744). The treaty also established the right of colonists to use the Indian Road, later known as the Great Wagon Road.
The settlement of Winchester began as early as 1729, when Quakers such as Abraham Hollingsworth migrated up the Great Valley along the Indian Path (later known as the Great Wagon Road) from Pennsylvania. He and others began to homestead on old Shawnee campgrounds. Tradition holds that the Quakers purchased several tracts on Apple-pie Ridge from the natives, who did not disturb those settlements
During the war in 1758, at the age of 26, Colonel George Washington was elected to represent Frederick County to the House of Burgesses. Daniel Morgan later served as a ranger protecting the borderlands of Virginia against Indian raids, returning to Winchester in 1759. Following the war, from 1763 to 1774 Daniel Morgan served in Captain Ashby's company and defended Virginia against Pontiac's Rebellion and Shawnee Indians in the Ohio valley (that part now in West Virginia).
During the Revolutionary War, the Virginia House of Burgesses chose local resident and French and Indian War veteran Daniel Morgan to raise a company of militia to support General George Washington's efforts during the Siege of Boston. He led the 96 men of "Morgan's Sharpshooters" from Winchester on 14 July 1775, and marched to Boston in 21 days. Morgan, Wood, and others also performed various duties in holding captured prisoners of war, particularly Hessian soldiers.
Following the war, the town's first newspapers, The Gazette and The Centinel were established. Daniel Morgan continued his public service, being elected to one term in the U.S. House of Representatives (1797-1799).
Winchester is located at 39°10′42″N 78°10′00″W / 39.178355°N 78.166771°W / 39.178355; -78.166771. It is in the Shenandoah Valley, between the Blue Ridge and the Appalachian Mountains. I-81 passes through the city, along with US 50, US 522, US 17, which ends in the city, and VA 7, which also ends in the city. The city is approximately 75 miles (121 km) to the west of Washington, D.C.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.3 square miles (24.2 km²), all of it land.
Most of the town's population exists within city limits, the rest of the external population lives in small houses on large wooded lots. Downtown Winchester is divided into two sections. The larger section is the historical northern portion is the larger portion, containing many varied shops and restaurants. A small residential area separates this from the southern section which is more modern, and contains the Apple Blossom Mall, Old Navy, Borders, and many other newer shops and shopping centers.
Winchester features such buildings as Winchester regional Airport, Mount Hebron Cemetery, Apple Blossom Mall, Carpers Valley Golf Club, Shenandoah Valley discover museum, The Handley Library, Frederick County Central District Court, and the old Courthouse Civil War Museum.
As of the census of 2000, there were 23,585 people, 10,001 households, and 5,650 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,526.7 people per square mile (976.0/km²). There were 10,587 housing units at an average density of 1,134.2/sq mi (438.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.06% White, 10.47% African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 3.46% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.47% of the population.
There were 10,001 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.5% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,335, and the median income for a family was $44,675. Males had a median income of $30,013 versus $24,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,500. About 8.1% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Winchester Va is overseen by a City Council made up of nine members, elected by constituents. The day to day affairs are oveseen by a City Manager. The current City Manager, elected in 2009 is Jim O'Connor. City Council members included: Council President:Jeffrey Buettner (R), Michael Butler (R), Evan H. Clark (D), John W. Hill (D), Milt McInturff (R), Mayor: Elizabeth Minor (R), Les Veach (R)and John A. Willingham (R)
Winchester is home to the Winchester Royals of the Valley Baseball League.