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Welcome to the Xark Community Reading List mini wiki at Scratchpad!
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Let's making a reading list together
Here's an idea: People working together could actually make each other smarter by suggesting useful articles, books, blogs and discussions. This is one of the things we try to do together at Xark!
Here's how this particular experiment will work:
If you've read something you thought was useful on a given topic, create that topic here, provide a link to the material you've read, and write a short description that explains why you're suggesting the material and what someone might get out of reading it.
George W. Bush
The AWOL Project (Web site)
Lawrence Wilkerson at New America (Web site)
Col. Lawrence Wilkerson on the Bush Administration's National Security Decision Making Process. New America Foundation. Summary: 1 1/2 hour talk and questions given October 19, 2005. Former Chief of Staff to Secretary of State Colin Powell from 2002-2005. Views on national security, government reorganization and the Bush Administration's approach to power. Video with links at bottom of page for audio and pdf. -- Tim Schmoyer. | permalink
Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, by Thomas Ricks. Summary: The best book I've found yet on the overall conduct of the war in Iraq from a military perspective. -- Dan Conover
Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom: The Role of Military Intelligence Assessments (book)
Shaping the Plan for Operation Iraqi Freedom: The Role of Military Intelligence Assessments by Gregory Hooker. Summary: "... detailed narrative of the war planning process headed by U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) in Tampa, Florida, spanning the military’s initial attempts to refocus on regime change and the government’s ineffective preparation for the postwar environment." -- Tim Schmoyer
In The Red Zone: A Journey Into The Soul Of Iraq (book)
In The Red Zone: A Journey Into The Soul Of Iraq by Steven Vincent. Summary: An excellent read by an excellent author who was killed in Iraq on August 02, 2005. -- Tim Schmoyer
Lie by Lie (Web site)
Lie by Lie. By Mother Jones magazine. Summary: An interactive online timeline that tracks who said what when in the run-up to the American invasion in March 2003. Searchable. -- Dan Conover.
Intelligence on Iraq (Web site)
Intelligence on Iraq, Air War College. Summary: An updated list of links to information on Iraq available on the Internet. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution (Web site)
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution, Public Law 102-1, January 14, 1991. Summary: This law is referenced in the subsequent 1998 and 2002 Use of Force Acts. -- Tim Schmoyer.
US Demolition Operations at Khamisiyah (Web site)
US Demolition Operations at Khamisiyah, Department of Defense Final Report, April 16, 2002. Summary: "Case narratives are reports of what the Department of Defense knows today about specific events that took place during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm of 1990 and 1991. This particular case narrative focuses on the only known destruction of Iraq's chemical warfare agents by US ground forces during or after the Gulf War. The Department published interim narratives on this subject in February 1997 and December 2000. This is a final report because no new information has been received to change the findings and assessments of the narrative." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Iraq Weapons of Mass Destruction (Web site)
Iraq Weapons of Mass Destruction, Global Security. Summary: Compilation of United Nations documents and resolutions concerning Iraq. -- Tim Schmoyer.
1991-1998: Trying to Disarm Saddam (Web site)
The Long Road to War: Chronology, PBS Frontline, published March 17, 2003. Summary: Chronology of Saddam's rise to power to UN Resolution 1441. Link is to portion covering 1991-1998. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Saddam Hussein's son-in-law says torture common in Iraq (Web site)
Saddam Hussein's son-in-law says torture common in Iraq, CNN, September 21, 1995. Summary: "SADLER: Can you state here and now, does Iraq have any weapons of mass destruction left? HUSSEIN KAMEL: No, Iraq does not possess any weapons of mass destruction. I am being completely honest about this." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Spying on Saddam: A Defector's Revelations (Web site)
Spying on Saddam: A Defector's Revelations, PBS Frontline, published April 1999. Summary: Interviews with Scott Ritter, Barton Gelman, Richard Haas and Robin Wright on the impact of Hussein Kamel's defection on UNSCOM. Also see What It Took about inspections in Iraq. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Anti-Saddam Operation Cost CIA $100 Million (Web site)
Anti-Saddam Operation Cost CIA $100 Million, Washington Post, September 15, 1996. Summary: "June : Saddam foils coup attempt by disgruntled military, reportedly arresting more than 100 officers, including many sympathetic to National Accord.
Aug. 31 : Iraqi troops, in alliance with Barzani's forces, capture Irbil from Talabani's group. Some supporters of National Congress are arrested, reportedly executed." -- Tim Schmoyer.
UNSCOM Sixth Report (Web site)
Report of the Executive Chairman on the activities of the Special Commission established by the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 9 (b) (i) of resolution 687 (1991), UNSCOM, 6 October 1998. Summary: "155 mm shells filled with mustard. Iraq declared that 550 shells filled with mustard had been lost shortly after the Gulf war. To date, no evidence of the missing munitions has been found. A dozen mustard-filled shells were recovered at a former chemical weapons storage facility in the period 1997-1998. The chemical sampling of these munitions in April 1998 revealed that the mustard was still of the highest quality. After seven years, the purity of mustard ranged between 94 per cent and 97 per cent. Iraq still has to account for the missing shells and to provide verifiable evidence of their disposition. In July 1998, Iraq promised to provide clarifications on this matter. To date, only preliminary information has been provided by Iraq on its continuing internal investigation;" [emphasis added] -- Tim Schmoyer.
Trouble in Iraq (Web site)
Trouble in Iraq, PBS NewsHour interview with President Clinton, January 21, 1998. Summary: "PRESIDENT CLINTON: Well, the United States does not relish moving alone, because we live in a world that is increasingly interdependent. We would like to be partners with other people. But sometimes we have to be prepared to move alone. You used the anthrax example. Think how many can be killed by just a tiny bit of anthrax, and think about how it's not just that Saddam Hussein might put it on a Scud missile, an anthrax head, and send it on to some city he wants to destroy. Think about all the other terrorists and other bad actors who could just parade through Baghdad and pick up their stores if we don't take action. I far prefer the United Nations, I far prefer the inspectors, I have been far from trigger-happy on this thing, but if they really believe that there are no circumstances under which we would act alone, they are sadly mistaken." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Preparing the Public (Web site)
Preparing the Public, PBS NewsHour, February 9, 1998. Summary: CYNTHIA TUCKER: "... Most Americans were fully prepared to accept the proposition that Saddam Hussein is a very bad actor, and news accounts about his possibly having stockpiles of biological weapons have been running for months. So I believe that the American people have a very cursory knowledge, at least, of the need for some limited action against Iraq. And I don't think that they would be taken aback by limited military action. After all, we've done it before in 1993 and 1996. I don't think the Clinton administration, as some of my colleagues have already pointed out, has done an effective job first of all of preparing the American people for a more substantive military action if, in fact, that is necessary, but, more to the point, I don't think the Clinton administration has prepared the American people for the fact that we might have to go after Saddam Hussein again and again and again. They don't understand why, in fact, if this guy is such a bad actor, we don't just go in and take him out once and for all." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Town Hall Meeting on Iraq at Ohio State (Web site)
TRANSCRIPT: TOWN HALL MEETING ON IRAQ AT OHIO STATE, USIS Washington File at Federation of American Scientists, 20 February 1998. Summary: "Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, Secretary of Defense Bill Cohen, and National Security Advisor Sandy Berger elaborated on U.S. goals in Iraq during an appearance February 18 at Ohio State University. The discussion was broadcast live worldwide by the Cable News Network (CNN) both on television and radio." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Iraqi Breach of International Obligations (Web site)
IRAQI BREACH OF INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS, Public Law 105-235, August 14, 1998. Summary: "Finding the Government of Iraq in unacceptable and material breach of its international obligations." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Khartoum Revisited (Web site)
Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 (Web site)
IRAQ LIBERATION ACT OF 1998, Public Law 105-338, October 31, 1998. Summary: "To establish a program to support a transition to democracy in Iraq." -- Tim Schmoyer.
President's Signing Statement: Iraq Liberation Act (Web site)
President's Signing Statement: Iraq Liberation Act, Statement of the President, October 31, 1998. Summary: "The United States favors an Iraq that offers its people freedom at home. I categorically reject arguments that this is unattainable due to Iraq's history or its ethnic or sectarian make-up. Iraqis deserve and desire freedom like everyone else. The United States looks forward to a democratically supported regime that would permit us to enter into a dialogue leading to the reintegration of Iraq into normal international life." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Osama Bin Laden Indicted (Web site)
Saudi Is Indicted in Bomb Attacks on U.S. Embassies, New York Times, November 5, 1998. Summary: "The new indictment, which supersedes the June action, accused bin Laden of leading a vast terrorist conspiracy from 1989 to the present, in which he was said to be working in concert with governments, including those of Sudan, Iraq and Iran, and terrorist groups, to build weapons and attack American military installations.... Both indictments offer new information about bin Laden's operations, including one deal he is said to have struck with Iraq to cooperate in the development of weapons in return for bin Laden's agreeing not to work against that country. No details were given about whether the alleged deal with Iraq led to the development of actual weapons for bin Laden's group, which is called Al Qaeda." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Operation Desert Fox (Web site)
Operation Desert Fox, DefenseLink. Summary: Overview of Operation Desert Fox initiated December 16, 1998. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Letter from the President: Operation Desert Fox (Web site)
Letter from the President to the Speaker of the House and President Pro Tempore of the Senate, The White House Office of the Press Secretary, December 18, 1998. Summary: "At approximately 5:00 p.m. eastern standard time on December 16, 1998, at my direction, U.S. military forces conducted missile and aircraft strikes in Iraq in response to Iraqi breaches of its obligations under resolutions of the United Nations Security Council." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Saddam link to Bin Laden, The Guardian Unlimited, February 6, 1999. Summary: "Saddam Hussein's regime has opened talks with Osama bin Laden, bringing closer the threat of a terrorist attack using chemical, biological or nuclear weapons, according to US intelligence sources and Iraqi opposition officials. The key meeting took place in the Afghan mountains near Kandahar in late December. The Iraqi delegation was led by Farouk Hijazi, Baghdad's ambassador in Turkey and one of Saddam's most powerful secret policemen, who is thought to have offered Bin Laden asylum in Iraq." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Desert Crossing Documents (Web site)
Desert Crossing, CENTCOM, 1999. Summary: Seminar in 1999 to "identify interagency issues and insights on how to manage change in a post-Saddam Iraq" obtained by National Security Archive through Freedom of Information Act. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Iraq-Bin Laden boat bomb link, The Guardian Unlimited, October 19, 2000. Summary: "Investigators in Yemen yesterday uncovered evidence suggesting the bomb attack on the warship USS Cole had been a meticulously organised conspiracy, which a leading US terrorism expert said may have been the first joint operation between Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Iraq 'could build N-bomb' (Web site)
Iraq 'could build N-bomb, BBC, February 25, 2001. Summary: "Iraq could produce nuclear weapons within three years, according to a German intelligence assessment." -- Tim Schmoyer.
BND Says Iraq Developing New Chemical Weapons (Web site)
BND SAYS IRAQ DEVELOPING NEW CHEMICAL WEAPONS, Global Security copy of RFE/RL report, April 27, 2001. Summary: "August Hanning, the director of the German intelligence service BND, told Hamburg's Welt am Sonntag on 22 April that Iraq is developing a new class of chemical weapons." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Top Secret Polo Step (Web site)
Top Secret Polo Step, CENTCOM, 2002. Summary: "CentCom PowerPoint Slides Briefed to White House and Rumsfeld in 2002, Obtained by National Security Archive through Freedom of Information Act." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (Web site)
Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002, Public Law 107-243, October 16, 2002. Summary: "To authorize the use of United States Armed Forces against Iraq." -- Tim Schmoyer.
President's Signing Statement: Use of Military Force Against Iraq (Web site)
President's Signing Statement: Use of Military Force Against Iraq, Statement of the President, October 16, 2002. Summary: "By passing H.J. Res. 114, the Congress has demonstrated that the United States speaks with one voice on the threat to international peace and security posed by Iraq. It has also clearly communicated to the international community, to the United Nations Security Council, and, above all, to Iraq's tyrannical regime a powerful and important message: the days of Iraq flouting the will of the world, brutalizing its own people, and terrorizing its neighbors must -- and will -- end. Iraq will either comply with all U.N. resolutions, rid itself of weapons of mass destruction, and in its support for terrorists, or it will be compelled to do so. I hope that Iraq will choose compliance and peace, and I believe passage of this resolution makes that choice more likely." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Declassified State Department Documents on Iraq (Web site)
Declassified State Department Documents on Iraq, State Department, 5 documents from July 2002 to December 2003. Summary: Documents some interaction between State Department and CENTCOM and includes the "Future of Iraq" Project. -- Tim Schmoyer.
"Future of Iraq" Project (Web site)
"Future of Iraq" Project, State Department, 2003. Summary: 1,200-page, 13-volume report by the State Department for the transition to a post-Saddam Iraq. Based on meetings held from July 2002 through early April 2003. Suffice it to say, I haven't finished reading it. I can recommend reading the overview. -- Tim Schmoyer.
The Challenge of Opportunity: Rebuilding Iraq, 2003 (pdf)
Case studies in policy making & process / edited by Shawn W. Burns.— 9th ed.. National Security Decision Making Department, Naval War College. Summary: Case studies used to study national security decision making. Recommend scanning the first essay, A Guide to Case Analysis, then read The Challenge of Opportunity: Rebuilding Iraq, 2003. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Blix statement: Key excerpts
Blix statement: Key excerpts. BBC, January 27, 2003. Summary: "Extracts from chief UN weapons inspector Dr Hans Blix's statement to the UN Security Council on progress in the search for banned weapons in Iraq." -- Tim Schmoyer.
President Clinton on 2003 State of the Union Address (Web site)
President Clinton on State of the Union: Iraq Sought Nuclear Weaponry in Africa CNN LARRY KING LIVE, July 22, 2003. Also see President Delivers "State of the Union" dated January 28, 2003. Summary: "[President] CLINTON: Well, I have a little different take on it, I think, than either side. First of all, the White House said -- Mr. Fleischer said -- that on balance they probably shouldn't have put that comment in the speech. What happened, often happens. There was a disagreement between British intelligence and American intelligence. The president said it was British intelligence that said it. And then they said, well, maybe they shouldn't have put it in. Let me tell you what I know. When I left office, there was a substantial amount of biological and chemical material unaccounted for. That is, at the end of the first Gulf War, we knew what he had. We knew what was destroyed in all the inspection processes and that was a lot. And then we bombed with the British for four days in 1998. We might have gotten it all; we might have gotten half of it; we might have gotten none of it. But we didn't know. So I thought it was prudent for the president to go to the U.N. and for the U.N. to say you got to let these inspectors in, and this time if you don't cooperate the penalty could be regime change, not just continued sanctions. I mean, we're all more sensitive to any possible stocks of chemical and biological weapons. So there's a difference between British -- British intelligence still maintains that they think the nuclear story was true. I don't know what was true, what was false. I thought the White House did the right thing in just saying, Well, we probably shouldn't have said that. And I think we ought to focus on where we are and what the right thing to do for Iraq is now. That's what I think." -- Tim Schmoyer.
The Future of Iraq (Web site)
The Future of Iraq, Hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, also available in pdf at GPO. Summary: February 11, 2003, testimony from Marc Grossman, Undersecretary of State; Doug Feith, Undersecretary of Defense; General Anthony Zinni, Colonel Scott Feil, Professor Gordon Adams and Professor Anthony Cordesman. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Briefing on Humanitarian Reconstruction Issues (Web site)
Briefing on Humanitarian Reconstruction Issues. Summary: February 24, 2003, White House briefing with Elliott Abrams, Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and North Africa at the National Security Council; Andrew Natsios, Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development; Gene Dewey, Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Population Refugees and Migration; Ron Adams, Deputy Director of the Pentagon Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance; Joe Collins, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Stability Operations; and Robin Cleveland, Associate Director for National Security Programs at the OMB. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Backgrounder on Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance in Postwar (Web site)
Backgrounder on Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance in Post-War. Summary: March 11, 2003, DoD background briefing on postwar planning. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Iraq: Reconstruction (Web site)
Iraq: Reconstruction, Hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, also available in pdf at GPO. Summary: March 11, 2003, testimony from Dr. Gordon Adams, Dr. Phebe Marr, Ms. Sandra Mitchell, Ms. Bernice Romero, Mr. Eric P. Schwartz. -- Tim Schmoyer.
President Bush Addresses the Nation (Web site)
President Bush Addresses the Nation, The Oval Office, March 19, 2003. Summary: "On my orders, coalition forces have begun striking selected targets of military importance to undermine Saddam Hussein's ability to wage war." -- Tim Schmoyer.
UNMOVIC Report on Iraq WMD Inspections (pdf)
Thirteenth quarterly report of the Executive Chairman of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission in accordance with paragraph 12 of Security Council resolution 1284 (1999). United Nations, May 30, 2003. Summary: "Since the Commission’s work on disarmament in Iraq, which began on 27 November 2002, has been suspended, and since a significant phase of that work has been concluded, the present report provides more detail than previous reports. In addition, the report does not restrict itself to reviewing information from the period 1 March to 31 May 2003 but in a number of places adopts a wider perspective." -- Tim Schmoyer.
US postwar Iraq strategy a mess, Blair was told (Web site)
US postwar Iraq strategy a mess, Blair was told. Ewen MacAskill, The Guardian, March 14, 2006. Summary: "John Sawers, Mr Blair's envoy in Baghdad in the aftermath of the invasion, sent a series of confidential memos to Downing Street in May and June 2003 cataloguing US failures. With unusual frankness, he described the US postwar administration, led by the retired general Jay Garner, as "an unbelievable mess" and said "Garner and his top team of 60-year-old retired generals" were "well-meaning but out of their depth".... Mr Sawers, in later memos, welcomed the replacement of Gen Garner with Paul Bremer, a US diplomat. But in a memo written in June 25, Mr Sawyer concluded that, despite Mr Bremer's arrival, the situation was getting worse." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Procedures to Implement De-Ba'athification Policy (pdf)
Procedures to Implement De-Ba'athification Policy. PBS Frontline copy of CPA Memo dated May 15, 2003. Summary: "A May 15, 2003, internal draft, from Ambassador Robin Raphel in the CPA's Office of Humanitarian Assistance, outlining how de-Baathification could best be carried out. The final outline was scheduled to be sent to the newly-arrived CPA head, L. Paul Bremer, one day before he announced his de-Baathification order." -- Tim Schmoyer.
These Are Not Ideologues (Web site)
These Are Not Ideologues. By L. Paul Bremer, WSJ Online Journal. Summary: Names of the top 100 or so officials in the CPA. -- Tim Schmoyer.
IRAQ: Coalition Provisional Authority: The Iraqi Ministries (Web site)
IRAQ: Coalition Provisional Authority: The Iraqi Ministries. Council on Foreign Relations, June 2, 2003. Summary: "Senior advisers from the U.S.-led coalition will head Iraqi ministries until an interim government is put into place. Three Iraqi ministries have not been re-established: Military Industrialization, State, and Military Affairs. Unless indicated, the advisers listed are Americans. This staff list was current as of May 30, 2003." -- Tim Schmoyer.
PBS Frontline interview with Lt. Gen. Jay Garner
Interview Gen. Jay Garner PBS Frontline, July 17, 2003. The conventional wisdom has been that Bremer comes in and cleans it up, and Garner just couldn't handle it. ... No, I think what happened is DOD or the administration or whoever was in charge did a very poor job of prepping the press on what the plan was. The plan was for me to put a team together, take it over there, and hand it off to a presidential appointee, which was exactly what happened. -- Tim Schmoyer.
"Iraq is Not a Lost Battle" (Web site)
"Iraq is Not a Lost Battle". The Middle East Research and Information Project, August 18, 2003. Summary: Interview with Isam al-Khafaji about his participation in the State Department's "Future of Iraq" project, the Iraqi Reconstruction and Development Council (IRDC) and why he left Iraq in disgust. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Transforming for Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations (pdf)
Transforming for Stabilization and Reconstruction Operations. Edited by Hans Binnendijk and Stuart Johnson. Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, November 12, 2003. Summary: A detailed analysis of military strategy, organization, technology, personnel, and education to perform stabilization and reconstruction operations. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Clinton believes Iraq had weapons of mass destruction (Web site)
Clinton believes Iraq had weapons of mass destruction: Portugal PM, AFP, January 9, 2004. Summary: "'When Clinton was here recently he told me he was absolutely convinced, given his years in the White House and the access to privileged information which he had, that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction until the end of the Saddam regime,' [Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Manuel Durao Barroso] said in an interview with Portuguese cable news channel SIC Noticias." -- Tim Schmoyer.
"That came from us" (Web site)
"That came from us".SPIEGEL Magazine, April 05, 2004. Summary: "Agent 'Curveball' has long been viewed as one of the BND's most important trump cards. In 1998, the young chemist arrived in Germany seeking political asylum, and quickly came into contact with the intelligence service." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Waging Peace (pdf)
WAGING PEACE: OPERATIONS ECLIPSE I AND II — SOME IMPLICATIONS FOR FUTURE OPERATIONS, Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth O. McCreedy, United States Army, May 03, 2004. Summary: A very interesting comparison of the WWII postwar plan and the Iraq postwar plan. -- Tim Schmoyer.
"On Point" (Web site)
"On Point": The United States Army in Operation Iraqi Freedom, Center for Army Lessons Learned, May 26, 2004. Summary: "On Point is a study of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) as soon after the fact as feasible. The Army leadership chartered this effort in a message to the major commands on 30 April 2003. In his guidance, Army Chief of Staff General Eric K. Shinseki directed 'a quick, thorough review that looks at the US Army's performance, assesses the role it played in the joint and coalition team, and captures the strategic, operational, and tactical lessons that should be disseminated and applied in future fights.'" "On Point tells the compelling story of America's Army in OIF and is of interest to a broad audience. However, it aims at a specific audience--soldiers and defense professionals. Within the Army, On Point has two specific goals: to educate soldiers on the conduct of combat operations in OIF and to suggest some preliminary implications for the Army's continued transformation." -- Tim Schmoyer.
U.S. Intelligence Community’s Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq (Web site)
Report on the U.S. Intelligence Community’s Prewar Intelligence Assessments on Iraq. Select Committee on Intelligence (pdf). Summary: July 7, 2004, bipartisan report. Also available in html at GlobalSecurity.org -- Tim Schmoyer.
Reconstructing Iraq (Web site)
Reconstructing Iraq. International Crisis Group Middle East Report, September 2, 2004. Summary: "U.S. and Iraqi institutions have systematically lost and the insurgency gained momentum as living conditions failed to improve." -- Tim Schmoyer.
"Phase IV" CFLCC Stability Operations Planning (pdf)
Turning Victory into Success: Two Centuries of American Campaigning, US Army Training and Doctrine Command/CSI 2004 Conference Papers, "Phase IV" CFLCC Stability Operations Planning (Also a Google book), Combined Arms Research Library, 14-16 September, 2004. Summary: "This paper is drawn from my memory of the opening period of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM when I served as the CFLCC, C5. I kept a journal of that time, as well as sending a daily report to the Commanding General. I drew on these sources in the development of both my presentation for the Combat Studies Institute symposium and this paper." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Thinking Beyond War: Civil-Military Planning in Northern Iraq (Web site)
Thinking Beyond War: Civil-Military Planning in Northern Iraq. Major (now Lieutenant Colonel) Isaiah ("Ike") Wilson III, U.S. Army, Cornell Peace Studies Program Brown Bag Luncheon, October 14, 2004. Summary: An oustanding (both insightful and visionary) critique arguing for the need to change civil-military culture for 21st century ("informational age") warfare. If you want to understand why a new Goldwater-Nichols Act is needed ... start here. -- Tim Schmoyer.
The Iraq Experience Project (Web site)
Phase IV Operations (pdf)
Phase IV Operations: Where Wars are Really Won. Lieutenant Colonel Conrad C. Crane, U.S. Army, Retired, Military Review, May-June 2005. Summary: A review of Phase IV operations including Panama, Haiti, Phillipines, Balkans, Germany, and Japan. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Harnessing the Interagency for Complex Operations (pdf)
Harnessing the Interagency for Complex Operations. Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University, August 2005. Summary: This paper described the known models for interagency cooperation and coordination of stabilization and reconstruction operations, those which actually exist and those which are in various stages of concept development and implementation. Of these, only the S/CRS model has a conceptual structure that addresses national policy and strategy through tactical level implementation. It has Congressional support and the support of OSD, AID, and JCS.24 The extent to which it is supported by the administration and by other agencies within the interagency is less clear. Today, it remains a concept with very little operational thrust. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Presidential Directive to Improve Reconstruction and Stabilization Efforts (Web site)
President Issues Directive to Improve the United States' Capacity to Manage Reconstruction and Stabilization Efforts. Department of State press release, December 14, 2005. Summary: Significant development in overcoming interagency problems concerning stability and reconstruction efforts. Officially establishes Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization. Needs to be funded by Congress to stick. -- Tim Schmoyer.
After the Fight: Interagency Operations
After the Fight: Interagency Operations. Parameters, Winter 2005-06, pp. 47-61. Summary: "US and Coalition military forces did very well during the initial major combat phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom, yet subsequently failed to recognize the political, social, economic, and ideological aspects of the campaign. A substantial reason for this breakdown was the lack of effective interagency collaboration at the operational level—in other words, a lack of interagency unity of command and effort. This in turn resulted in a failure to apply effectively all the elements of national power: diplomatic, informational, and economic as well as military. Using the relationship between Combined Joint Task Force-Seven (CJTF-7) and the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) in Iraq as a case study, this article argues that improving its ability to conduct interagency operations needs to become one of DOD’s highest priorities. ... Much of the press has asserted a failure to plan for post-combat operations. The greater problem, however, was that of execution. -- Tim Schmoyer.
OIF Phase IV (pdf)
OIF Phase IV: A Planner's Reply to Brigadier Aylwin-Foster. Colonel Kevin C.M. Benson, U.S. Army, Military Review, March-April 2006. Summary: A detailed overiew with timeline of OIF Phase IV planning from an Operational view. -- Tim Schmoyer.
As war began, U.S. generals feuded (Web site)
As war began, U.S. generals feuded. By Michael R. Gordon and Bernard E. Trainor, The New York Times, March 13, 2006. Summary: "[Jack Keane] added: 'If we had planned for an insurgency, we probably would have deployed the 1st Cavalry Division and it would have assisted greatly with the initial occupation. This was not just an intelligence community failure, but also our failure as senior military leaders.'" -- Tim Schmoyer.
U.S. Military Operations in Iraq (Web site)
U.S. Military Operations in Iraq: Planning, Combat and Occupation. Authored by Shane Lauth, Kate Phillips, Erin Schenck. Edited by Dr. W. Andrew Terrill. April 26, 2006. Summary: A 26 page summary of presentations from ground-pounders and policy-makers about what went well and what didn't in Iraq.
Summaries: Summary of Session I, Defeating the Iraqi Regime; Summary of Session II, Reconstructing Iraq; Summary of Session III, Countering the Insurgency; Summary of Session IV, Lessons, Controversies, and Questions
Audio Click here to listen to Session II: Reconstructing Iraq.; Click here to listen to the Q&A from Session II: Reconstructing Iraq.; Click here to listen to "Leaving in Order to Win," remarks by Kalev Sepp, assistant professor in the Department of Defense Analysis, Center on Terrorism & Irregular Warfare, Naval Post-Graduate School. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Interview with COL William Darley (pdf)
Interview with COL William Darley, Combat Studies Institute, 8 August 2006. Summary: "Colonel William Darley was the public affairs officer for Lieutenant General Ricardo Sanchez, the Combined Joint Task Force 7 commander, from August 2003 to March 2004. In this interview, he describes his public affairs mission in terms of three traditional functions: community relations, command information and media relations." -- Tim Schmoyer.
PBS Frontline interview with Lt. Gen. Jay Garner
Interview Lt. Gen. Jay Garner PBS Frontline, Aug. 11, 2006. Excerpt: Well, our initial plan when we were in Washington, and initially in Kuwait, was that this war went in much like the first Gulf War, where you have thousands of POWs, maybe hundreds of thousands. ... The army was about 400,000, so from that, we would bring between 150,000 and 250,000 back. We wanted to keep them in their unit structures, because they had already had a command-and-control system. They had vehicles, what was left. They knew how to take orders, and they had the basic skill sets to do the things you need to do in early reconstruction of a country. So they were a labor force, and they provide a certain amount of security, like guard static locations -- guard buildings, guard ammo dumps or displaced ammunition, that type of thing. ... By the 15th of May, we had a large number of Iraqi army located that were ready to come back, and the Treasury guys were ready to pay them. When the order came out to disband, [it] shocked me, because I didn't know we were going to do that. All along I thought we were bringing back the Iraqi army. ... Why we didn't do that, I don't know. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Intelligence Community's Prewar Use of Information from INC (pdf)
THE USE BY THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY OF INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE IRAQI NATIONAL CONGRESS. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (pdf). Summary: September 8, 2006, bipartisan report. Searchable versions at Captain's Quarters Blog -- Tim Schmoyer.
Postwar Findings on Prewar Assessments about Iraq's WMD and Terrorism (pdf)
POSTWAR FINDINGS ABOUT IRAQ’S WMD PROGRAMS AND LINKS TO TERRORISM AND HOW THEY COMPARE WITH PREWAR ASSESSMENTS. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (pdf). Summary: September 8, 2006, bipartisan report. Searchable versions at Captain's Quarters Blog -- Tim Schmoyer.
Interview with COL Kevin Benson (pdf)
Interview with COL Kevin Benson, Combat Studies Institute, 10 October 2006. Summary: "In this wide-ranging and introspective interview – conducted while Benson was director of Fort Leavenworth’s School of Advanced Military Studies – he discusses OIF planning in great detail, touching on everything from the impact of Turkey’s refusal to allow the 4th Infantry Division to stage and attack Iraq from their soil to the complex Phase IV wargaming process. Benson identifies a number of what he considers “strategic mistakes,” relates his serious misgivings with the interagency concept, and offers a wealth of candid advice for how post-hostilities operations can be better conducted in the future. In addition, he goes through his understanding of the “long war” that he argues we’re currently in, talks about how the US military (and SAMS in particular) is adapting, shares a number of historically based insights into the current operating environment, and advises military leaders on how best to deal with policymakers." -- Tim Schmoyer.
Salvaging the Mission in Iraq (Web site)
Salvaging the Mission in Iraq. Council on Foreign Relations, January 11, 2007. Summary: Roundup of reaction to President Bush's plans to send an additional 21,500 troops to Iraq. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Fateful Choice on Iraq Army Bypassed Debate
Fateful Choice on Iraq Army Bypassed Debate. New York Times, March 17, 2008. Summary: An article by Micheal R. Gordon on the decision to disband the Iraqi Army in May 2003. -- Tim Schmoyer.
Republic of Denial (book)
Republic of Denial: Press, Politics, and Public Life, by Michael Janeway, Yale University Press, 1999. Summary: Hard to top, "This book offers the most insightful critique of the decline of American journalism and politics in decades." You can also read the first chapter and a NYT review. -- Tim Schmoyer
The Master Narrative in Journalism (Web site)
PressThink Basics: The Master Narrative in Journalism by Jay Rosen. September 8, 2003. Summary: "Taylor’s use of “construct” intrigues me for two reasons. Journalists, he’s saying, help create the universe from which they draw news, which is a truthful but disruptive observation. How to report the news—accurately, fairly, comprehensively—is something we know how to teach in journalism school. How to construct the public arena (accurately, fairly, comprehensively? do these terms even make sense?) is not. It’s pretty clear where the authority to report the news comes from; it’s not clear where the authority to construct the world lies, or could lie." See also Tim Porter Lets Out a Roar, by Jay Rosen, April 24, 2005: "[Tim] Porter means that he knew how to do the job, but not how to understand it while doing it. This is an extremely important distinction." -- Tim Schmoyer
What's The Matter with Kansas? (book)
What's The Matter With Kansas? How Conservatives Won The Heart of America by Thomas Frank. 2004. Summary: Useful if you're interested in why cultural conservatives so routinely vote against their economic interest. Frank suggests it's because they have come to equate the GOP with a creed that represents their values. --Dan Conover
The Wimp Factor (book)
The Wimp Factor: Gender gaps, holy wars & the politics of anxious masculinity, by Stephen J. Ducat. 2004. Summary: Ducat is a psychologist who applies ideas about gender identity and anxiety to politics. There are some pretty clear connections to the work of Lakoff and Luntz here, too. --Dan Conover
Out of Touch (book)
Out of Touch: The Presidency and Public Opinion, by Michael J. Towle. 2004. Summary: Towle is an associate professor of political science. Based on comparative research, he suggests that administrations self-congratulate during popular times and engage in rationalization and cognitive dissonance during unpopular times. -- Tim Schmoyer
What’s the Matter with What’s the Matter with Kansas?
What’s the Matter with What’s the Matter with Kansas?, by Larry M. Bartels. 2006. Summary: Bartels is a professor of politics and public affairs at Princeton. His "analysis confirms that white voters without college degrees have become significantly less Democratic; however, the contours of that shift bear little resemblance to Frank’s account."-- Tim Schmoyer